American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events

American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events

Date: January 6, 1997
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report identifies several significant eras and events in the evolution of American federalism and provides a capsule description or discussion of each. It should be noted that among experts in the field of federalism there may be a general consensus concerning the evolution of American federalism; however, the choice of events and scholarly interpretations of such events may vary and are by nature subjective.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind is Used

Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind is Used

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report provides background information regarding the bill and joint resolution, which must be passed by both houses in identical form, then presented to the President for his approval or disapproval.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Bills: What is Report Language?

Appropriations Bills: What is Report Language?

Date: January 12, 2005
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: When the Senate or House Appropriations Committee reports an appropriations bill to the full Senate or House, respectively, the committee typically publishes a committee report explaining the bill. This fact sheet provides a brief overview of what these reports entail and the language used within them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills, Resolutions, Nominations, and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements, and Uses

Bills, Resolutions, Nominations, and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements, and Uses

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: In addition to bill and/or joint resolution this report presents two other acts of congress; 1) nominations and 2) treaties. It also discusses the characteristics and uses of six different kind of business before Congress, such as designation, origin, deadline for action, requirements for approval, and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing a Congressional Office: A Brief Overview

Closing a Congressional Office: A Brief Overview

Date: May 18, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This paper sets forth questions that a congressional office needs to consider in the process of closing down. These include statutory and non-statutory matters such as staff, the franking privilege, retirement benefits for Members and staff, allowances, and the disposition of congressional papers, and other office items.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Casework in a Congressional Office

Casework in a Congressional Office

Date: December 14, 1982
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This paper presents a general overview of congressional office procedures associated with handling casework, and the assistance provided by a Member of Congress to help constituents in their dealings with Federal agencies. It discusses options for assisting Member's constituents, and the role of staff and Members in providing casework services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Casework in a Congressional Office

Casework in a Congressional Office

Date: July 12, 2001
Creator: Pontius, John S
Description: This report and its appendices present a general overview of congressional office procedures associated with handling casework and the assistance provided by a Member of Congress to help constituents in their dealings with federal agencies. It discusses options for assisting Members’ constituents and the role of Members and staff in providing casework services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Casework in a Congressional Office

Casework in a Congressional Office

Date: November 19, 1996
Creator: Pontius, John S
Description: This report and its appendices present a general overview of congressional office procedures associated with handling casework and the assistance provided by a Member of Congress to help constituents in their dealings with federal agencies. It discusses options for assisting Members’ constituents and the role of Members and staff in providing casework services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Casework in a Congressional Office

Casework in a Congressional Office

Date: January 21, 2003
Creator: Pontius, John S
Description: This report and its appendices present a general overview of congressional office procedures associated with handling casework and the assistance provided by a Member of Congress to help constituents in their dealings with federal agencies. It discusses options for assisting Members’ constituents and the role of Members and staff in providing casework services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Drug Control: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Date: August 26, 1998
Creator: Teasley, David
Description: The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) was scheduled to sunset on September 30, 1997, but Congress approved ONDCP funding under the Treasury, Postal Appropriations Act, FY1998 (P.L. 105-61). Several measures have been introduced in the 105th Congress to reauthorize ONDCP. On October 21, 1997, the House passed H.R. 2610, as amended, the National Narcotics Leadership Act. On November 6, 1997, the Senate Judiciary Committee reported H.R. 2610, replacing the language of the House-passed version with a new version, the Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act. On July 29, 1998, the Senate approved an amendment (S. Amdt. 3367/Hatch and Biden) to the Treasury, Postal Appropriations Act, FY1999 (S. 2312/Campbell) that differs from the House-passed version of H.R. 2610.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Functional Analysis of Congressional Member Office Operations

A Functional Analysis of Congressional Member Office Operations

Date: May 14, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This report presents a general analysis of personal staff functions in a congressional office. Because there is little specific information from Congress and other sources regarding staff job descriptions and because congressional office organization patterns very significantly, this report focuses on the staff functions that are common to all offices regardless of organizational structure or job title: office management; mail; projects; casework; legislation; schedulng and personal services; press and public relations; and political functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earmarks and Limitations in Appropriations Bills

Earmarks and Limitations in Appropriations Bills

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: An annual appropriations act is generally made up of separate paragraphs, each of which provides funding for specific agencies and programs. Generally, each paragraph corresponds to a unique account and provides appropriations for multiple projects and purposes as a single lump sum. Earmarks and limitations are two devices regularly used in annual appropriations acts to restrict, or more precisely direct, the availability of funds for specific projects or purposes of an account. Sometimes an earmark or a limitation may generate more interest or controversy than the total appropriation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress' Early Organization Meetings

Congress' Early Organization Meetings

Date: July 30, 1996
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: The purposes of these meetings are both educational and organizational. Educational sessions range from legislative procedures and staff hiring to current issues. Organizational sessions elect class officers, party leaders, and chamber officers; name committee representatives and other party officials; and select committee chairmen and often committee members. Such actions are officially ratified at the start of the new Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 1997

Congressional Budget Actions in 1997

Date: January 8, 1997
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: In 1997, during the first session of the 105th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY1998 and beyond, but some measures will make adjustments in the budget for the current fiscal year, FY1997. This issue brief describes House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Continuing Appropriations Acts: Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Continuing Appropriations Acts: Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Date: September 26, 1997
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report provides information on the history of continuing resolutions; the nature, scope, and duration of CRs during the last 30 years; the various types of CRs that have been enacted; and an overview of those instances when budget authority has lapsed and a funding gap has resulted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Date: November 13, 1996
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides a brief introduction to the federal budget process. Key budget concepts and terminology are defined and explained. The separate procedures that make up the federal budget process are identified and their salient features described. While a complete understanding of federal budgeting probably can be obtained only after much observation and study of the process in operation, broad exposure to its rudiments is a useful first step. Various resources "for additional reading" are identified at the end of this report, which the reader may find helpful in exploring the subject in greater depth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Date: October 20, 1997
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides a brief introduction to the federal budget process. Key budget concepts and terminology are defined and explained. The separate procedures that make up the federal budget process are identified and their salient features described. While a complete understanding of federal budgeting probably can be obtained only after much observation and study of the process in operation, broad exposure to its rudiments is a useful first step. Various resources “for additional reading” are identified at the end of this report, which the reader may find helpful in exploring the subject in greater depth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Block Grants

Block Grants

Date: August 31, 1981
Creator: Osbourn, Sandra S
Description: This report includes the material on block grants, including a CRS Report on the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981, several articles, and a guide to State block grant implementation. For additional information and assistance, we have also included addresses of people to contact on the Federal (p. 59) and State levels (p. 70-104).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Staffing: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

Congressional Staffing: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

Date: July 14, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This bibliography provides the reader an overview of the growth, development, responsibilities, and duties of personal staffs of Senators and Representatives and the staffs of congressional committees, as seen and studied by academicians, journalists, former Members of the House and Senate, and former staff members.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conference Committee and Related Procedures: An Introduction

Conference Committee and Related Procedures: An Introduction

Date: July 29, 1996
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: Conference committees generally are free to conduct their negotiations as they choose, but they are to address only the matters on which the House and Senate have disagreed. Moreover, they are to propose settlements that represent compromises between the positions of the two houses. When they have completed their work, they submit a conference report and joint explanatory statement, and the House and Senate vote on accepting the report without amendments. Sometimes conference reports are accompanied by amendments that remain in disagreement. Only after the two houses have reached complete agreement on all provisions of a bill can it be sent to the President for his approval or veto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Committee System: Rules Changes in the House, 104th Congress

Committee System: Rules Changes in the House, 104th Congress

Date: January 24, 1995
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This fact sheet details changes in the committee system contained in H. Res. 6, Rules of the House for the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Committee System Rules Changes in the House, 106th Congress

Committee System Rules Changes in the House, 106th Congress

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This fact sheet details changes in the committee system contained in H. Res. 5, the rules of the House for the 106th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Performance and Results Act and the Appropriations Process

Government Performance and Results Act and the Appropriations Process

Date: August 27, 1998
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA and Disaster Relief

FEMA and Disaster Relief

Date: March 6, 1998
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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