Group 10 Catalyzed Olefin Hydroarylation

Group 10 Catalyzed Olefin Hydroarylation

Date: December 2012
Creator: Gonzalez,Hector Emanuel
Description: Alkyl-arenes are important industry feedstock chemicals that are used as solvents, pharmaceutical precursors, and polymer monomer units. One alkyl-arene, ethylbenzene, is the main focus of this dissertation, and is produced in the million ton a year scale. As alkyl-arenes are important commodity chemicals, catalytic olefin hydroarylation is a lucrative alternative for their production rather than Friedel-Crafts alkylation or various coupling reactions that have lower atom economy, require strong acids, or are energetically demanding. Currently catalytic olefin hydroarylation still suffers from decomposition pathways of the active catalytic complexes, side reactions that lead to waste products, and unfavorable activation barriers, which represent high temperature and pressure. Modifications to the catalytically active system bipyridine platinum(II) (bpyPtII), through computational methods, are explored herein. The work presented here investigates catalytic olefin hydroarylation in order to mitigate the aforementioned difficulties. Included in this study are changes to the electronic profile of the supporting ligand, bpy, through the addition of electron withdrawing or electron donating R groups (methoxy, nitro), definite ligand replacements such as bpy to hydridotris(pyrazolyl)borate (Tp), changes in metal oxidation (II to IV), and replacing the metal center from Pt to Ni. Nickel was selected as a possible alternative to platinum as it is more ...
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Ptᴵᴵ-Catalyzed Ethylene Hydrophenylation: Influence of Dipyridyl Chelate RIng Size on Catalyst Activity and Longevity

Ptᴵᴵ-Catalyzed Ethylene Hydrophenylation: Influence of Dipyridyl Chelate RIng Size on Catalyst Activity and Longevity

Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: McKeown, Bradley A.; Gonzalez, Hector Emanuel; Gunnoe, T. Brent; Cundari, Thomas R., 1964- & Sabat, Michal
Description: Article discussing Ptᴵᴵ-catalyzed ethylene hydrophenylation.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Mechanistic Studies of Ethylene Hydrophenylation Catalyzed by Bipyridyl Pt(II) Complexes

Mechanistic Studies of Ethylene Hydrophenylation Catalyzed by Bipyridyl Pt(II) Complexes

Date: November 8, 2011
Creator: McKeown, Bradley A.; Gonzalez, Hector Emanuel; Friedfeld, Max R.; Gunnoe, T. Brent; Cundari, Thomas R., 1964- & Sabat, Michal
Description: This article discusses mechanistic studies of ethylene hydrophenylation catalyzed by bipyridyl Pt(II) complexes.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Platinum(II)-Catalyzed Ethylene Hydrophenylation: Switching Selectivity between Alkyl- and Vinylbenzene Production

Platinum(II)-Catalyzed Ethylene Hydrophenylation: Switching Selectivity between Alkyl- and Vinylbenzene Production

Date: April 23, 2013
Creator: McKeown, Bradley A.; Gonzalez, Hector Emanuel; Friedfeld, Max R.; Brosnahan, Anna M.; Gunnoe, T. Brent; Cundari, Thomas R., 1964- et al.
Description: Article discussing platinum(II)-catalyzed ethylene hydrophenylation and the influence of dipyridyl chelate ring size on catalyst activity and longevity.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences