Date: January 1, 1963
Creator: Miksche, J.P. & Shapiro, S.
Description: Many plant species were irradiated with x rays, thermal and fast neutrons, andd gamma radiation during the past 10 yr of the cooperative mutations program and adjunct mutation breeding program. Four major concepts and/ or approaches related to the use of mutagenic agents in plant breeding that have evolved are discussed. It was concluded that outcrossing between treated and nontreated populations must be reckoned with, and consequently the two populations should be separated before a true measure of mutation induction can be ascertained; chromosome rearrangement studies are useful, with particular emphasis on inducing disease resistance; work concerned with tissue reorgandization and rearrangement as related to chimera production and basic understanding of tissue ontogeny, particularly with fruit crops andd horticultural crops is promising; and the effectiveness of responses of plant tissues to neutrons and other mutagenic agents is extremely variable and more basic work is needed before the full potentialities of mutation breeding as a tool in crop improvement can be appreciated. (auth)
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