Australia: Background and U.S. Relations

Australia: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Description: The Commonwealth of Australia and the United States are close allies under the ANZUS treaty. Australia evoked the treaty to offer assistance to the United States after the attacks of September 11, 2001, in which 22 Australians were among the dead. Australia was one of the first countries to commit troops to U.S. military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. The Howard Government’s strong commitment to the United States in Afghanistan and Iraq and the recently negotiated bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Australia and the United States have strengthened what were already close ties between the two long-term allies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Issues for U.S. Policy

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: February 10, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides background information on the Dayton Peace Accords, and also describes Bosnia’s current political structure of two semi-autonomous, ethnically-based “entities” and a relatively weak central government. This report discusses another important issue such as whether Bosnia is still important to U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia: Overview of Issues Ten Years After Dayton

Bosnia: Overview of Issues Ten Years After Dayton

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Kim, Julie
Description: On November 21-22, 2005, the United States will host a meeting with Bosnia’s collective leadership to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Dayton accords, an agreement brokered under U.S. leadership that ended the 1992-1995 conflict in Bosnia- Herzegovina. Since early 2005, the Bush Administration has given renewed emphasis to “unfinished business” in the western Balkan region, such as the unresolved status of Kosovo, a U.N.-run province of Serbia. The United States also seeks to bolster Bosnia’s further development as a unified, democratic, and stable state on the path toward Euro- Atlantic integration, including major constitutional reforms. This report provides an overview of prominent current issues concerning Bosnia and will be updated after the 10th anniversary meeting in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
C-17 Cargo Aircraft Program

C-17 Cargo Aircraft Program

Date: March 20, 2000
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: The C-17 Globemaster III is a long-range cargo/transport aircraft operated by the U.S. Air Force since 1993. Congress approved development of the aircraft in the late 1970s, when it was recognized that the Air Force did not have enough airlift capability. In 1981, the McDonnell Douglas C-17 emerged as winner of a competition with Boeing and Lockheed to develop a next-generation aircraft to replace C-130s and C-141s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cambodia: Background and U.S. Relations

Cambodia: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: July 8, 2005
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: This report provides historical context, discusses political and economic developments, and raises policy issues in Cambodia that affect U.S.-Cambodian relations. These issues include human rights, bilateral trade, U.S. foreign assistance to Cambodia, terrorism, HIV/AIDS, the Khmer Rouge tribunal, and Cambodia’s relations with its southeast Asian neighbors and China.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's M-4 Carbine: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's M-4 Carbine: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: The M-4 carbine is the Army's primary individual combat weapon for infantry units. Due to the nature of the M-4's design, firing it can lead to weapons malfunctions. This report discusses possible replacements for the M-4, most notably the Special Operations Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR). This report also details results of studies and tests of the M-4 and feedback response from potential competitors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Article 98 Agreements and Sanctions on U.S. Foreign Aid to Latin America

Article 98 Agreements and Sanctions on U.S. Foreign Aid to Latin America

Date: April 10, 2006
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report discusses the so-called “Article 98 agreements”. The article contains a provision that the Bush Administration has sought bilateral agreements worldwide to exempt U.S. citizens from ICC prosecution. In 2002, Congress passed the American Servicemembers’ Protection Act or ASPA (P.L. 107-206, title II), which prohibits military assistance to countries that are party to the ICC and that do not have Article 98 agreements. Some Members of Congress and Bush Administration officials have expressed concerns about the unintended effects of these sanctions on U.S. relations with Latin America. Policymakers are considering some options to mitigate these effects without undermining ASPA or diplomatic efforts to secure Article 98 agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Article 98 Agreements and Sanctions on U.S. Foreign Aid to Latin America

Article 98 Agreements and Sanctions on U.S. Foreign Aid to Latin America

Date: March 30, 2006
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report discusses the so-called “Article 98 agreements”. The article contains a provision that the Bush Administration has sought bilateral agreements worldwide to exempt U.S. citizens from ICC prosecution. In 2002, Congress passed the American Servicemembers’ Protection Act or ASPA (P.L. 107-206, title II), which prohibits military assistance to countries that are party to the ICC and that do not have Article 98 agreements. Some Members of Congress and Bush Administration officials have expressed concerns about the unintended effects of these sanctions on U.S. relations with Latin America. Policymakers are considering some options to mitigate these effects without undermining ASPA or diplomatic efforts to secure Article 98 agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean-U.S. Free-Trade Agreement Negotiations

Andean-U.S. Free-Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: June 16, 2005
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: In November 2003, the Bush Administration announced that it intended to begin negotiations on a free-trade agreement (FTA) with these nations, which would reduce and eliminate foreign barriers to trade and investment, support democracy, and fight drug activity. This report briefly discusses this announcement, as well as the major issues and concerns relating to negotiation, and the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA), the FTA's predecessor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean-U.S. Free-Trade Agreement Negotiations

Andean-U.S. Free-Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: In November 2003, the Bush Administration announced that it intended to begin negotiations on a free-trade agreement (FTA) with these nations, which would reduce and eliminate foreign barriers to trade and investment, support democracy, and fight drug activity. This report briefly discusses this announcement, as well as the major issues and concerns relating to negotiation, and the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA), the FTA's predecessor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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