Assessing the Options for Preserving ICBM Survivability

Assessing the Options for Preserving ICBM Survivability

Date: September 28, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The decision on how to redress the perceived vulnerability of U.S. intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMS) is the most controversial strategic nuclear weapon decision now facing the 97th Congress. A full-scale debate on this issue, especially as regards MX missile basing, seems certain. To assist Members of Congress in the debate, this paper discusses nine proposals for treating ICBM survivability: Recognize that ICBMs are invulnerable, rely only on bombers and submarines for deterrence, deploy a large or scaled-down shell-game multiple shelter system, defend MX with anti ballistic missiles, launch ICBMs on warning of attack, deploy MX on aircraft or small submarines, and diversify strategic forces, perhaps using small ICBMs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ethiopian Food Situation: International Response

Ethiopian Food Situation: International Response

Date: June 28, 1985
Creator: Barnes, Lafayette
Description: The United States has donated the largest share of the world-wide relief effort. Members of Congress nave passed legislation, the African Famine Relief and Recovery Act of 1985 (2.L. 99-8), authorizing emergency relief assistance to Ethiopia and other famine-stricken countries. Some observers favor trying to remove restrictions that prohibit long-term agricultural development assistance and other forms of economic aid to Ethiopia, but many continue to believe that aid to this Marxist-oriented nation should be limited to humanitarian relief. The Ethiopian food situation will probably remain a central issue among U.S. lawmakers and relief officials during the 99th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Date: June 20, 1994
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report reviews data that the Administration has provided to Congress on the costs of U.S. forces based abroad and on the value of host nation support contributions. It analyzes the data in order to assess potential defense budget savings from measures now under congressional consideration. The report concludes that, because of shortcomings in the data, estimates of savings in the U.S. defense budget from increased host nation contributions are often overstated. Some commonly accepted assertions frequently cited in the congressional burdensharing debate, therefore, are of doubtful validity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnian Muslim-Croat Federation: Key to Peace in Bosnia?

Bosnian Muslim-Croat Federation: Key to Peace in Bosnia?

Date: June 26, 1998
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: The Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina was established in March 1994, with U.S. mediation. It aims to unite areas held by the largely Bosniak (Muslim) pre-war republic government with areas held by Croats. The Bosnian peace agreement, signed in Dayton in November 1995, recognized the Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republika Srpska as two largely autonomous entities within a weak, but sovereign Bosnia and Hercegovina union. Real political, economic and military integration of Bosniak and Croat-held areas has been slow to materialize. The United States has played a key role in setting up the Federation and in efforts to make it viable. The long term viability of the Federation is open to question, however, due to continued mistrust between the two sides and significant differences in their perceived interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia: Civil Implementation of the Peace Agreement

Bosnia: Civil Implementation of the Peace Agreement

Date: January 12, 1998
Creator: Kim, Julie
Description: Since Dayton Peace Accords, the civilian side of peace implementation has been challenged by the scope of the tasks, and by the lack of commitment demonstrated by the Bosnian parties to various aspects of the peace agreement. In addition, issues such as International Framework for peace implementation, formation of governmental institution, election, civil police task force and displaced persons are discussed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions

Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions

Date: June 22, 1998
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's MFN Status: Implications of the 1994 Decision

China's MFN Status: Implications of the 1994 Decision

Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act and the U.S.-China Communiques

Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act and the U.S.-China Communiques

Date: March 18, 1996
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. - China Communiques, and the "Six Assurances"

Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. - China Communiques, and the "Six Assurances"

Date: May 21, 1998
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Current U.S. Sanctions

China: Current U.S. Sanctions

Date: February 8, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: In the months following China's 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, both the President and the Congress took a number of initiatives protesting Beijing's actions. These initiatives centered around U.S. concerns related to trade, human rights, and non-proliferation. In intervening years, the United States has periodically imposed, lifted, or waived other sanctions and concluded several trade-related agreements with China relating to these concerns. Those measures that remain in place in 1994 are detailed in the accompanying tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: International Support for U.S. Policy

Iraq: International Support for U.S. Policy

Date: February 19, 1998
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Energy Abolition? Implications for the Nuclear Weapons Program

Department of Energy Abolition? Implications for the Nuclear Weapons Program

Date: September 29, 1995
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report considers how abolition might affect the U.S. nuclear weapons program. It provides background on the weapons program and the debate on what organization should control it; summarizes the debate over managing the program, including criticisms of DOE’s management and issues in deciding where to place the program, and presents four options for the weapons program. It considers pros and cons for each option. This report should be of value for understanding consequences of alternative organizational “homes” for the weapons program for those considering legislation to abolish DOE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Relations

China-U.S. Relations

Date: September 15, 1995
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report discusses the background information and most recent development in U.S.-China relations since mid-1996. The relations also have been marred by continuing allegations of Chinese espionage, ongoing controversy over human rights, charges that China continues to violate its non-proliferation commitments, controversy over the accidental NATO bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, and renewed tensions over Taiwan. The report describes current issues in U.S.-China relations such as; Human Rights Issues, Issues in U.S.-China Security Relations, Economic Issues, and Sovereignty Issues: Taiwan, Tibet, Hong Kong.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong: Sino-British Disputes and Implications for U.S. Interests

Hong Kong: Sino-British Disputes and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: September 24, 1993
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong's Political Transition: Implications for U.S. Interests

Hong Kong's Political Transition: Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: October 19, 1995
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong After Its Return to China: Implications for US Interests

Hong Kong After Its Return to China: Implications for US Interests

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Pending Legislation in the 105th Congress

China: Pending Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: June 19, 1998
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report tracks pending human rights legislation, including bills concerning: prison conditions and prison labor exports (H.R. 2195, H.R. 2358); coercive abortion practices (H.R. 2570); China’s policies toward religion (H.R. 967, H.R. 2431); and more general human rights issues (H.R. 2095). Other bills concern Taiwan — in particular, Taiwan’s entry into the World Trade Organization (H.Res. 190) and the U.S. role in helping Taiwan with a theater missile defense system (H.R. 2386). Also, legislation is pending on China’s missile proliferation activities (H.Res. 188), Radio Free Asia broadcasting to China (H.R. 2232), China’s participation in multilateral institutions (H.R. 1712, H.R. 2605), and the activities of China’s military and intelligence services (H.R. 2647, H.R. 2190).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Macedonia: Conflict Spillover Prevention

Macedonia: Conflict Spillover Prevention

Date: July 23, 1998
Creator: Kim, Julie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong's Return to China: Implications for U.S. Interests

Hong Kong's Return to China: Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: November 13, 1995
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong's Return to China: Implications for U.S. Interests

Hong Kong's Return to China: Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: December 11, 1996
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons Testing and Negotiation of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons Testing and Negotiation of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: November 14, 1996
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Defense

Appropriations for FY1999: Defense

Date: December 18, 1998
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to CRS reports that provide analytical perspectives on the 13 annual appropriations bills, and other related appropriation measures. It does not include a detailed explanation or description of the budget or appropriations processes. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Defense Appropriations Subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations and Rescissions for FY1998

Supplemental Appropriations and Rescissions for FY1998

Date: May 4, 1998
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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