The International Whaling Convention (IWC) and Legal Issues Related to Aboriginal Rights

The International Whaling Convention (IWC) and Legal Issues Related to Aboriginal Rights

Date: July 22, 2013
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses the recent legislation regarding whaling in general, and aboriginal whaling in particular. Legislative measures, primarily in the form of concurrent resolutions, have been proposed in four categories: protesting commercial, scientific, or community (nonaboriginal) whaling; ensuring aboriginal whaling rights; providing a tax break for aboriginal whaling captains; and addressing the United States' policy at the annual meetings of the IWC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dworshak Dam Impacts Assessment and Fisheries Investigations Project, 1993 Annual Report.

Dworshak Dam Impacts Assessment and Fisheries Investigations Project, 1993 Annual Report.

Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Maiolie, Melo & Elam, Steve
Description: We monitored the kokanee Oncorhynchus nerka kennerlyi population in Dworshak Reservoir, Idaho, by mid-water trawling and counting spawners in representative streams. Our estimates of age 1 kokanee abundance in 1993 were the highest on record; 556,000 fish. These fish resulted from last years record year class of age 0 kokanee. Age 2 kokanee were also abundant, achieving their second highest level on record. Dworshak Dam discharged less water between July 1, 1992 and June 30, 1993 than any of our recent years of study (the lowest since 1986-1987). Based on a past relationship with an r{sup 2}=0.62, we expected age 2 kokanee abundance to be very high with this low level of discharge. We estimated mature kokanee abundance by trawling, which correlated well (r{sup 2}=.89) to standardized spawner counts. This gives us the means to convert the older spawner count data into age 2 kokanee estimates. It is also a validation of spawner counts in tributary streams as an accurate method to obtain an index of adult kokanee abundance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Redfish Lake Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Rearing and Research, 1994 Annual Report.

Redfish Lake Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Rearing and Research, 1994 Annual Report.

Date: March 1, 1996
Creator: Flagg, Thomas A.
Description: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Northwest Fisheries Science Center, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) and the Bonneville Power Administration, has established captive broodstocks to aid recovery of Snake River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) listed as endangered under the US Endangered Species Act (ESA). Captive broodstock programs are emerging as an important component of restoration efforts for ESA-listed salmon populations. Captive broodstock programs are a form of artificial propagation. However, they differ from standard hatchery techniques in one important respect: fish are cultured in captivity for the entire life cycle. The high fecundity of Pacific salmon, coupled with their potentially high survival in protective culture, affords an opportunity for captive broodstocks to produce large numbers of juveniles in a single generation for supplementation of natural populations. The captive broodstocks discussed in this report were intended to protect the last known remnants of this stock: sockeye salmon that return to Redfish Lake in the Sawtooth Basin of Idaho at the headwaters of the Salmon River. This report addresses NMFS research from January to December 1994 on the Redfish Lake sockeye salmon captive broodstock program and summarizes results since the beginning of the study in 1991. ...
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Quantification of Libby Reservoir Levels Needed to Maintain or Enhance Reservoir Fisheries, 1990-1994 Investigations of Fish Entrainment Through Libby Dam.

Quantification of Libby Reservoir Levels Needed to Maintain or Enhance Reservoir Fisheries, 1990-1994 Investigations of Fish Entrainment Through Libby Dam.

Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: Skaar, Don
Description: We investigated fish entrainment through Libby Dam from December 1990 to June 1994. This study was one portion of the effort by the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks to quantify Libby Dam operations necessary to maintain or enhance Libby Reservoir fisheries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations: Reports. Volume 36, January 1 to December 31, 1994

California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations: Reports. Volume 36, January 1 to December 31, 1994

Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Olfe, J.
Description: California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) performs research in the area of sampling physical, chemical, and biological variables in the California Current. The information received is stored in databases and gives a better understanding of the physics and chemistry of the California Current. Their effect on the food chain make it possible to view current oceanographic and biological conditions in the context of the long term. Measurements taken during 1994 and early 1995 on CalCOFI cruises have indicated a return to normal conditions after anomalous conditions that dominated the two preceding years. The data have permitted an increasingly prompt assessment of the state of the California Current system off southern California. This report also contains papers presented at the CalCOFI conference in 1994 regarding the 1991--92 El Nino and its impact on fisheries. In addition, individual scientific contributions are included which provide an additional understanding of the processes involved in the California Current.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations; Stock Status of Burbot and Rainbow Trout and Fisheries Inventory, 1995 Annual Report.

Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations; Stock Status of Burbot and Rainbow Trout and Fisheries Inventory, 1995 Annual Report.

Date: November 1, 1995
Creator: Paragamian, Vaughn L.
Description: The author sampled 33 burbot Lota lota in the Kootenay River in British Columbia, Canada. Burbot catch from November 1994 to February 1995 averaged 0.047 fish/net-day. Total length ranged from 3854 mm to 958 mm and weighed from 272 g to 4,086 g (mean = 982 g). Twelve burbot were implanted with sonic transmitters and released at capture sites. Two additional burbot had active transmitters from the previous season. Telemetry of burbot during the pre-spawn, spawning, and post-spawning periods was conducted. Burbot were located a total of 203 times from November 1994 through August 8, 1995. Ripe burbot were captured and they appeared to have an affinity to water <2C. The author believes burbot spawned in the Goat River, British Columbia. Burbot with sonic transmitters did not reach Idaho until after the spawning period. Statistical analysis of burbot movement and discharge from Libby Dam indicated there was a significant relation between winter power production and spawning migration of burbot. A controlled test is needed to verify this relation. Zooplankton samples from the Kootenai River were substantially lower than the delta of Kootenay Lake, British Columbia, Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evaluation of the 1994 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild Migrant Yearling Chinook in the Snake River Basin.

Evaluation of the 1994 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild Migrant Yearling Chinook in the Snake River Basin.

Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Townsend, Richard L.; Westhagen, P.; Yasuda, D. & Skalski, J.R.
Description: Since 1988, wild salmon have been PIT-tagged under programs conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Oregon Department of Fish and Game and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The detection of tagged individuals at Lower Granite Dam provides a measure, of the temporal and spatial distribution of the wild populations. PIT Forecaster was developed to take advantage of this historical data to predict the proportion of a particular population which had arrived at the index site in real-time and to forecast elapsed time to some future percentile in a migration. This report evaluates the performance of the Least Squares (LS) method and the Synchronized historical pattern matching (SYNC) method used in the PIT Forecaster and two other possible methods of prediction reminiscent of methods recommended by the Fish Passage Center (FPC). Alternative No. 1 bases predictions on the historical proportion of PIT-Tags recovered in a specific year and Alternative No. 2 uses the historical cumulative distribution of smolt predicted of a previous season. Over the entire 1994 season, the LS method had the best prediction performance for both aggregate and individual streams. However, for the first half of the season, Alternative No. 1 ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monitoring and Evaluation of Smolt Migration in the Columbia Basin : Volume II : Evaluation of the 1996 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild Migrant Subyearling Chinook in the Snake River Basin using Program RealTime.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Smolt Migration in the Columbia Basin : Volume II : Evaluation of the 1996 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild Migrant Subyearling Chinook in the Snake River Basin using Program RealTime.

Date: July 1, 1998
Creator: Skalski, John R.; Townsend, Richard L. & Yasuda, Dean
Description: This project was initiated in 1991 in response to the Endangered Species Act (ESA) listings in the Snake River Basin of the Columbia River Basin. Primary objectives and management implications of this project include: (1)to address the need for further synthesis of historical tagging and other biological information to improve understanding and identify future research and analysis needs; (2)to assist in the development of improved monitoring capabilities, statistical methodologies and software tools to aid management in optimizing operational and fish passage strategies to maximize the protection and survival of listed threatened and endangered Snake River salmon populations and other listed and nonlisted stocks in the Columbia River Basin; (3)to design better analysis tools for evaluation programs; and (4)to provide statistical support to the Bonneville Power Administration and the Northwest fisheries community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Smolt Monitoring at the Head of Lower Granite Reservoir and Lower Granite Dam, 1996 Annual Report.

Smolt Monitoring at the Head of Lower Granite Reservoir and Lower Granite Dam, 1996 Annual Report.

Date: September 1, 1998
Creator: Brimmer, Arnold F.
Description: This project monitored the daily passage of chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha and steelhead trout O.mykiss smolts during the 1996 spring outmigration at migrant traps on the Snake River and Salmon River.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evaluation of the 1998 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild Migrant Yearling Chinook and Water Quality at Multiple Locations on the Snake and Columbia Rivers using CRiSP/RealTime, 1998 Technical Report.

Evaluation of the 1998 Predictions of the Run-Timing of Wild Migrant Yearling Chinook and Water Quality at Multiple Locations on the Snake and Columbia Rivers using CRiSP/RealTime, 1998 Technical Report.

Date: July 21, 1999
Creator: Beer, W. Nicholas; Hayes, Joshua A. & Shaw, Pamela
Description: Since 1988, wild salmon have been PIT-tagged through monitoring and research programs conducted by the Columbia River fisheries agencies and Tribes. Workers at the University of Washington have used detection data at Lower Granite Dam to generate predictions of arrival distributions for various stocks at the dam. The prediction tool is known as RealTime. In 1996, RealTime predictions were linked to a downstream migration model, CRiSP.1. The composite model, known as CRiSP/RealTime, predicts the arrival distribution and fraction transported at downriver locations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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