The Budget Control Act of 2011: Legislative Changes to the Law and Their Budgetary Effects

The Budget Control Act of 2011: Legislative Changes to the Law and Their Budgetary Effects

Date: March 6, 2014
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report provides information on the levels of deficit reduction that would occur if the Budget Control Act's (BCA) automatic cuts are implemented as under current law, contrasted with alternative proposals offered by some Members of Congress and President Obama. It also discusses specific determinations made by the Office of Management and Budget regarding the exempt/non-exempt status of certain programs, as well as a discussion of information to be disclosed regarding the FY2013 BCA sequester impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

Date: January 31, 2014
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report analyzes National Science Foundation funding trends and selected closely-related STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education policy issues to provide fiscal and policy context. It concludes with an analysis of potential policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: December 31, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report addresses three policy issues: whether to take additional measures to increase jobs (or avoid contractionary policies), what measures might be most effective, and how job creation proposals should be financed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Expenditures and the Federal Budget

Tax Expenditures and the Federal Budget

Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: Among the options likely to be considered to deal with the long-term fiscal problem is reform of the federal tax system. The growth of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) and the expiration of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts in 2010 will likely force some action on tax policy. The perception that the federal tax system is too complex and unfair could lead to public support for tax reform. Past efforts to reform the federal tax system have included policies to rein in the use and expense of tax expenditures--the special deductions, exclusions, exemptions, and credits resulting in revenue losses. This report examines tax expenditures within the context of the federal budget and discusses tax expenditure analysis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Date: September 16, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the merit of various business tax incentives and their effectiveness in providing fiscal stimulus during the recession. The two most common measures to provide business tax incentives for new investment are investment tax credits and accelerated deductions for depreciation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Tax Provisions in the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012

An Overview of the Tax Provisions in the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the tax provisions (Titles I-IV and Title X of P.L. 112-240) included in the "fiscal cliff deal," including the permanent extension and modification of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, often referred to collectively as the "Bush-era tax cuts"; the temporary extension of certain tax provisions originally included as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA; P.L. 111-5), often referred to as the "2009 tax cuts"; the permanent extension of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) patch; the temporary extension of a variety of other temporary expiring provisions for individuals, businesses, and energy often referred to as "tax extenders" and the expansion of in-plan conversions of traditional employer-sponsored retirement accounts (like 401(k) plans) to employer-sponsored Roth accounts (like Roth 401(k) plans).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

Date: December 12, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report analyzes National Science Foundation funding trends and selected closely-related STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education policy issues to provide fiscal and policy context. It concludes with an analysis of potential policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the legislative branch appropriations bill that provides funding for the Senate; House of Representatives; Joint Items; Capitol Police; Office of Compliance; Congressional Budget Office (CBO); Architect of the Capitol (AOC); Library of Congress, including the Congressional Research Service (CRS); Government Printing Office (GPO); Government Accountability Office (GAO); and Open World Leadership Center.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies

Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies

Date: May 2, 2008
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L.; Labonte, Marc; Weiss, N. Eric & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report first discusses the current state of the economy, including measures that have already been taken by the monetary authorities, and assesses the need for and potential consequences of fiscal stimulus. The second part of the report reviews the proposals discussed during debate on the recently enacted fiscal stimulus, both those adopted and those considered but not adopted. The various stimulus packages differed somewhat, and the report briefly describes those differences. This section includes a discussion of the potential elements of a second stimulus proposal and concludes with a discussion of the macroeconomic effects of the proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies

Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies

Date: October 17, 2008
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L.; Labonte, Marc; Murphy, Edward V.; Weiss, N. Eric & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report first discusses the current state of the economy, including measures that have already been taken by the monetary authorities, and assesses the need for and potential consequences of fiscal stimulus. The second part of the report reviews the proposals discussed during debate on the recently enacted fiscal stimulus, both those adopted and those considered but not adopted. The various stimulus packages differed somewhat, and the report briefly describes those differences. This section also includes a discussion of the potential elements of a second stimulus proposal, and concludes with a discussion of the macroeconomic effects of the proposals. The final section of the paper discusses recent and proposed financial interventions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Date: December 9, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The growth of the national debt, which is considered unsustainable under current policies, continues to be one of the central issues of domestic federal policy making. On August 2, 2011, Congress adopted, and the President signed, the Budget Control Act (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which might be viewed as an initial step in addressing long-run debt issues. This report examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the BCA and the extended tax cuts as well as to ongoing, longer-term decisions about how to bring the debt under control. It focuses on the trade-offs between limiting the provision of defense and domestic public goods, reducing transfers to persons including entitlements for the elderly and those with low income, reducing support for state and local governments, and raising taxes. Using projections of the debt and deficit, it also addresses how limiting reliance on one source of deficit reduction creates pressure on other sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Date: March 10, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how deficit finance can help governments manage their economies and how large and persistent deficits can lead to severe economic problems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the merit of various business tax incentives and their effectiveness in providing fiscal stimulus during the recession. The two most common measures to provide business tax incentives for new investment are investment tax credits and accelerated deductions for depreciation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Options for Financing Health Care Reform

Tax Options for Financing Health Care Reform

Date: March 2, 2010
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report reviews the revenue raisers proposed to fund health care reform. Other financing proposals are presented including those made by the Obama Administration and those introduced in earlier congressional work. The final sections discuss other proposals suggested by the round-table discussion participants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

Date: February 5, 2009
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report examines the economics the budget deficit. Topics include recent budgetary history, the differences made by deficits and surpluses, and fiscal policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes the long-run path of the federal budget. The United States is projected to undergo a demographic shift as the aging of the baby boomers causes an unprecedented increase in the fraction of the population that is retired. Coupled with rising life expectancy, this means, under current policy, a steady increase in the portion of the population that is both out of the workforce and receiving social insurance benefits from the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Magnitude of Changes That Would Be Required to Balance the FY2011 Budget

The Magnitude of Changes That Would Be Required to Balance the FY2011 Budget

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report lays out generic scenarios for balancing the budget in the next fiscal year. Although these are not policy options that are likely to be enacted, they are meant to offer simple examples to gauge the scope of tradeoffs that would be required if policymakers eventually decide to bring the budget back to balance. If changes are postponed or stretched over a longer time period, they would need to be larger because of higher debt service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report examines the economics the budget deficit. Topics include recent budgetary history, the differences made by deficits and surpluses, and fiscal policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

Date: April 9, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report analyzes National Science Foundation funding trends and selected closely related STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education policy issues in order to place conversations about FY2013 funding in broader fiscal and policy context. It concludes with an analysis of potential policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: Fiscal Year 2013 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: Fiscal Year 2013 Appropriations

Date: October 23, 2012
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: Report that discusses the FY2012 budget for energy and water development as approved by Congress, including how the funding will be used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2012 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2012 Appropriations

Date: February 6, 2012
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the FY2012 budget for energy and water development as approved by Congress, including what the funding will be used for.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 10, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report addresses traditional funding for major disaster declarations, workings of the President's Disaster Relief Fund, a basic overview of how disaster assistance is appropriated, what factors affect how much the federal government spends on disasters, how disaster relief is impacted by the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011, and what the policy implications are for disaster assistance under the constraints of the BCA, and the increasing number of disaster declarations and both the possible causes and likely cost implications of a greater number of declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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