Youth and the Labor Force: Background and Trends

Youth and the Labor Force: Background and Trends

Date: May 10, 2012
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report provides context for policymakers on the youth employment situation. It includes data on labor force participation, employment, and unemployment in the post-World War II period, with a focus on trends since 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Date: May 11, 2012
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: In an increasingly global economy, and with retirement starting for the Baby Boomer generation, Congress has indicated a strong interest in ensuring that today's young people have the educational attainment and employment experience needed to become highly skilled workers, contributing taxpayers, and successful participants in civic life. Challenges in the economy and among certain youth populations, however, have heightened concern among policymakers that some young people may not be prepared to fill these roles. This report covers this history and current status of governmental assistance in federal youth employment and job training programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Date: January 20, 2012
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: Youth mentoring refers to a relationship between youth—particularly those most at risk of experiencing negative outcomes in adolescence and adulthood—and the adults who support and guide them. The origin of the modern youth mentoring concept is credited to the efforts of charity groups that formed during the Progressive era of the early 1900s to provide practical assistance to poor and juvenile justice-involved youth, including help with finding employment. Issues relevant to the federal role in mentoring include the limitations of research on outcomes for mentored youth, the potential need for additional mentors, grantees' challenges in sustaining funding, and the possible discontinuation of federal mentoring funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies

Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies

Date: August 29, 2012
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report first provides an overview of the youth population and the increasing complexity of transitioning to adulthood for all adolescents. It also provides a separate discussion of the concept of "disconnectedness," as well as the protective factors youth can develop during childhood and adolescence that can mitigate poor outcomes. Further, the report describes the evolution of federal youth policy and provides a brief overview of current federal programs targeted at vulnerable youth. The report then discusses the challenges of coordinating federal programs for youth, as well as federal legislation and initiatives that promote coordination among federal agencies and support programs with a positive youth development focus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies

Vulnerable Youth: Background and Policies

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report first provides an overview of the youth population and the increasing complexity of the transition to adulthood for all adolescents with a discussion of the concept of "disconnectedness," as well as the protective factors youth can develop during childhood and adolescence that can mitigate poor outcomes. Further, the report describes the evolution of federal youth policy and provides a brief overview of current federal programs targeted at vulnerable youth, and discusses the challenges of coordinating federal programs for youth, as well as federal legislation and initiatives that promote coordination among federal agencies and support programs with a positive youth development focus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding

Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA): Background and Funding

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: The focus of this report is on the federal response to domestic violence under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA). "Domestic violence" is used in the report to describe violence among intimate partners, including those involved in dating relationships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Date: February 28, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report begins with an overview of the purpose of mentoring, including a brief discussion on research of structured mentoring programs. It then describes the evolution of federal policies on mentoring since the early 1990s and provides an overview of the components and funding for each of two recent (discontinued) federal mentoring programs, as well as a discussion of other federal mentoring initiatives that are currently funded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: August 15, 2012
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Siskin, Alison
Description: Report concerning Congressional attention on the domestic sex trafficking of children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses human trafficking that involves the exploitation of individuals for forced labor or commercial sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report describes the federal programs that are targeted to assist those who are homeless; includes recent funding levels; discusses current issues, including homelessness after the economic downturn and federal efforts to end homelessness; and provides information on recent legislation. Among active legislation are bills to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act, which includes transitional housing for those who are homeless as a result of domestic violence and legislation that would, among other things, reauthorize the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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