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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2015

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2015

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides government-wide, multi-agency, and individual agency analyses of the President's Fiscal Year 2015 request as it relates to R&D and related activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2014 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2014 and Beyond

Date: May 9, 2013
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal budget issues, focusing on recent fiscal policy changes. It also discusses the major policy proposals contained in the President's FY2014 budget and the House and Senate budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals: History and Current Status

Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals: History and Current Status

Date: June 18, 2010
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A.
Description: This report discusses various points of contention in regards to presidential budgeting authority, specifically that of impoundment and the line item veto. Presidential impoundment actions have sometimes been controversial. The subject of granting the President item veto authority, akin to that exercised by 43 governors, also has elicited considerable debate. With an item veto, the executive can delete specific provisions in a piece of legislation presented for signature, and then proceed to sign the measure into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Financial Reporting: An Overview

Federal Financial Reporting: An Overview

Date: February 27, 2013
Creator: Levine, Meredith A.
Description: This report discusses the federal financial reporting -- defined here as the process of recording retrospective executive department-level financial and performance information -- may provide both a snapshot of the government's financial health at a given moment in time, as well as an accounting of its financial performance over a given time frame.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Budget Process Reform in the 110th Congress: A Brief Overview

Federal Budget Process Reform in the 110th Congress: A Brief Overview

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report briefly discusses the context in which federal budget process changes are made and identifies selected reform proposals by major category. The identification of reform proposals in this report is not intended to be comprehensive; other CRS reports discuss different aspects of budget process reform in more detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sequestration as a Budget Enforcement Process: Frequently Asked Questions

Sequestration as a Budget Enforcement Process: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 4, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides basic information on sequesters generally, particularly those sequesters associated with the Budget Control Act of 2011. This report focuses on general processes associated with sequesters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2015

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2015

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: The federal government has played an important role in supporting research and development (R&D) efforts that have led to scientific breakthroughs and new technologies, from jet aircraft and the Internet to communications satellites, shale gas extraction, and defenses against disease. However, widespread concerns about the federal debt and recent and projected federal budget deficits are driving difficult decisions about the prioritization of R&D, both in the context of the entire federal budget and among competing needs within the federal R&D portfolio. This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of R&D funding requested in the President's budget, followed by analyses of requested R&D funding from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The report concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for about 98% of total federal R&D funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FY2011 Federal Budget

The FY2011 Federal Budget

Date: June 17, 2010
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines the federal budgets for the fiscal years 2011 and 2012. It gives an overview of the federal budget, addresses the problems of budgeting in a strained economy, and discusses considerations for Congress, both in the short term and the long term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2015

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2015

Date: February 2, 2015
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of R&D funding requested in the President's budget, followed by analyses of requested R&D funding from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The report concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for about 98% of total federal R&D funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report summarizes the points of order currently in effect under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, as well as related points of order established in various other measures that have a direct impact on budget enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR): Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR): Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.; Halchin, L. Elaine; Lunder, Erika K. & Christensen, Michelle D.
Description: This report provides answers to 25 frequently asked questions regarding the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). These questions and their answers are organized into six broad categories, including (1) what the FAR is and what it covers; (2) promulgation of the FAR; (3) the relationship between the FAR and other authorities governing federal procurement (e.g., statutes, agency FAR supplements, other regulations, policies); (4) the FAR in relation to Congress and judicial and other tribunals; (5) the relationship between the FAR and federal procurement contracts; and (6) other topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earmarks Disclosed by Congress: FY2008 and FY2009 Regular Appropriations Bills

Earmarks Disclosed by Congress: FY2008 and FY2009 Regular Appropriations Bills

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: Hardy Vincent, Carol & Monke, Jim
Description: This report provides information on the earmarks disclosed by the House and Senate for the 12 regular, annual appropriations bills for each of FY2008 and FY2009. The report directly analyzes the data in the earmark disclosure lists, without additions or deletions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes the long-run path of the federal budget. The United States is projected to undergo a demographic shift as the aging of the baby boomers causes an unprecedented increase in the fraction of the population that is retired. Coupled with rising life expectancy, this means, under current policy, a steady increase in the portion of the population that is both out of the workforce and receiving social insurance benefits from the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: Report that provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: Baselines and scorekeeping are an integral part of the federal budget process, providing lawmakers with a framework for making and enforcing budgetary decisions. The baseline serves as a benchmark for federal budget decisions. Scorekeeping is the process by which the budgetary impact of proposed and enacted budget policies is measured; it assists Congress in making and enforcing budgetary decisions. This report provides a brief explanation of baselines and scorekeeping and their uses in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Baselines and scorekeeping are an integral part of the federal budget process, providing Congress and the President with a framework for making and enforcing budgetary decisions. A baseline serves as a benchmark for federal budget decisions. While the Office of Management and Budget (0MB) and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) create different baselines, their baselines project federal spending, revenue, and budget surplus or deficit amounts that would occur if existing budget policies were left unchanged. Scorekeeping is the process by which the budgetary impact of proposed and enacted budget policies is measured; it assists Congress and the President in making and enforcing budgetary decisions
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report provides a brief explanation of baselines and scorekeeping and their uses in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: In its most elemental form, the federal budget is a comprehensive accounting of the government's spending, revenues, and borrowing. This report provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines the federal budgets for the fiscal years 2011 and 2012. It gives an overview of the federal budget, addresses the problems of budgeting in a strained economy, and discusses considerations for Congress, both in the short term and the long term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. In FY2010, the last completed fiscal year, the U.S. government spent $3,456 billion (23.8% of GDP) and collected $2,162 billion in revenue (14.9% of GDP), resulting in a budget deficit of $1,294 billion (8.9% of GDP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its “power of the purse.” Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report looks at ways in which Congress and the Obama Administration have acted in order to reduce US budgetary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report discusses how a growing budget deficit will affect the FY2013 budget and government spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Date: August 7, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: Report that provides government-wide, multi-agency, and individual agency analyses of the President's Fiscal Year 2014 request as it relates to R&D and related activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Executive Budget Process Timetable

The Executive Budget Process Timetable

Date: July 28, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The executive budget process is a complex set of activities that includes formulation of the President’s budget, interaction with Congress, and execution of the budget. Table 1 provides a timetable of the major steps in the year and a half process. The initial development of the President’s budget begins in the individual federal agencies approximately 10 months before the President submits it to Congress (17 or 18 months before the start of the fiscal year).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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