Presidential Reorganization Authority: History, Recent Initiatives, and Options for Congress

Presidential Reorganization Authority: History, Recent Initiatives, and Options for Congress

Date: December 11, 2012
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report summarizes the repeated renewal and evolution of presidential reorganization authority from 1932 to 1984, as well as subsequent unsuccessful efforts to renew it since then. The report then discusses President Obama's request in the context of this background. Finally, the report provides analysis of the possible options for congressional consideration relative to this legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of recent executive branch reorganization actions and related management initiatives. It reviews the relevant plans and preparations of President-elect Barack Obama as the new Administration transitions to assuming management of the executive branch. Briefly examined, as well, are the organization and management efforts of the most recent regimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Roles and Missions for United States Northern Command

Homeland Security: Roles and Missions for United States Northern Command

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Knight, William
Description: This report outlines the organizational structure of United States Northern Command (NORTHCOM), explains how NORTHCOM contributes to homeland security through the interagency process, and summarizes NORTHCOM's international relationships with Canada and Mexico. Some issues for Congress involving NORTHCOM include Department of Defense (DOD) reorganization and the Unified Command Plan, improving interagency relationships, NORTHCOM's increased reliance on reserve component service members, the ongoing Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center realignment, and the allocation of resources necessary for NORTHCOM to successfully plan for and execute its assigned missions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

Date: June 4, 2010
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: In November 2007, Senator Barack Obama announced his intention, if elected President, to appoint a federal chief technology officer (CTO). On April 18, 2009, President Obama appointed Virginia Secretary of Technology, Aneesh P. Chopra, to serve as "America's Chief Technology Officer." This report presents President Obama's vision for the CTO position put forth during his campaign for the presidency and during the presidential transition. It also discusses the potential scope of duties and authorities of the CTO, articulates organizational precedents and challenges for the CTO, reviews some of the activities undertaken by Aneesh Chopra during his tenure as CTO, and identifies issues Congress may choose to consider if it opts to exert oversight or to develop legislation to create the position and/or office of the CTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report briefly describes the role of various agencies in securing the borders of the United States. These agencies are the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the United States Coast Guard, and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Date: April 9, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report briefly describes the role of various agencies in securing the borders of the United States. These agencies are the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the United States Coast Guard, and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report presents President Obama's vision for the chief technology officer (CTO) position. It also discusses the potential scope of the position's duties, articulates organizational precedents and challenges for the CTO, reviews some of the activities undertaken by Aneesh Chopra during his tenure as CTO, and identifies issues Congress may choose to consider if it opts to exert oversight or to develop legislation to create the position and/or office of the CTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Army Corps of Engineers: Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: April 5, 2001
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: This report presents the issues considered by the 107th Congress related to the civil works program of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps). The Corps plans, constructs, and operates water resources facilities primarily for flood control, navigation, and environmental purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Civil Works Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Army Corps of Engineers: Civil Works Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: March 27, 2002
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: This report presents the issues considered by the 107th Congress related to the civil works program of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps). The Corps plans, constructs, and operates water resources facilities primarily for flood control, navigation, and environmental purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Civil Works Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Army Corps of Engineers: Civil Works Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: This report presents the issues considered by the 107th Congress related to the civil works program of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps). The Corps plans, constructs, and operates water resources facilities primarily for flood control, navigation, and environmental purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization Initiatives During the 112th Congress: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization Initiatives During the 112th Congress: A Brief Overview

Date: May 26, 2011
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report describes the ways that executive branch reorganization can occur as a result of Administration and congressional actions, and describes recent initiatives in the context of that typology. The report concludes with some observations regarding federal reorganization efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations--Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: In response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Coast Guard significantly increased homeland-security operations to protect U.S. ports and waterways from potential maritime terrorist threats. The Coast Guard accomplished this in part by diverting resources from other missions. Increased requirements for homeland-security operations after September 11 appear to have added to a pre-existing tension between Coast Guard mission responsibilities and available resources. The Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard's legal authorities, the Coast Guard's location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 12, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in the Homeland Security Act of 2002 as the Coast Guard's homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard's total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard's homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 as the Coast Guard's homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard's total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard's homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard's homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. For FY2007, the Coast Guard is requesting a total of about $4.5 billion for missions defined in The Homeland Security Act of 2002 as the Coast Guard's homeland security missions. This equates to about 54% of the Coast Guard's total requested FY2007 budget. The Coast Guard's homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 22 and S. 662

Postal Reform Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 22 and S. 662

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 22 and S. 662

Postal Reform Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 22 and S. 662

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 22 and S. 662

Postal Reform Bills: A Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 22 and S. 662

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management

Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management

Date: November 19, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: August 30, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office, and has justified many of its initiatives for DOD in connection with the concept. Defense transformations can be defined as large-scale, discontinuous, and possibly disruptive changes in military weapons, concepts of operations (i.e., approaches to warfighting), and organization. The issue for Congress is how to take the concept of defense transformation into account in assessing and acting on Administration proposals for DOD. Potential areas of debate regarding the Administration's strategy for implementing transformation include overall leadership and management; the balance of funding for transformation vs. near-term priorities; the roles of DOD offices responsible for transformation; tests, exercises, and metrics for transformation; independent analysis of the Administration's plans; and actions for creating a culture of innovation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report addresses defense transformation from a DOD-wide perspective. The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office and has since worked to refine and implement its plans for defense transformation. Defense transformation can be defined as large-scale, discontinuous, and possibly disruptive changes in military weapons, concepts of operations (i.e., approaches to warfighting) and organization. The issue for the 109th Congress is how to take the concept of defense transformation into account in assessing and acting on Administration proposals for DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: August 30, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report addresses defense transformation from a DOD-wide perspective. The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office and has since worked to refine and implement its plans for defense transformation. Defense transformation can be defined as large-scale, discontinuous, and possibly disruptive changes in military weapons, concepts of operations (i.e., approaches to warfighting) and organization. The issue for the 109th Congress is how to take the concept of defense transformation into account in assessing and acting on Administration proposals for DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: August 30, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report addresses defense transformation from a DOD-wide perspective. The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office and has since worked to refine and implement its plans for defense transformation. Defense transformation can be defined as large-scale, discontinuous, and possibly disruptive changes in military weapons, concepts of operations (i.e., approaches to warfighting) and organization. The issue for the 109th Congress is how to take the concept of defense transformation into account in assessing and acting on Administration proposals for DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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