Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Questions about the characteristics of Members of Congress, including their age, education, previous occupations, and other descriptors, are of ongoing interest to Members, congressional staff, and constituents. Some of these questions may be asked in the context of representation, in efforts to evaluate the extent to which Members of Congress reflect their constituencies and the nation at large. In other instances, questions arise about how the characteristics of Members have changed over time, which may speak in part to the history of Congress. This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th, 82nd, 87th, 92nd, 97th, 102nd, and 107th–112th Congresses for several demographic characteristics, as well as the tenure of Member service in Congress. The characteristics discussed include age, including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate; congressional service tenure; sex; previous occupation; race and ethnicity; education; religion; and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post-Employment, "Revolving Door," Laws for Federal Personnel

Post-Employment, "Revolving Door," Laws for Federal Personnel

Date: May 12, 2010
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report provides a brief discussion of the post-employment restrictions, often called "revolving door" laws, that are applicable to members, officers, and employees of Congress after they leave congressional service or employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Senators

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Senators

Date: October 30, 2002
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post Employment, "Revolving Door," Restrictions for Legislative Branch Members and Employees

Post Employment, "Revolving Door," Restrictions for Legislative Branch Members and Employees

Date: December 29, 1994
Creator: Maskell, Jack A.
Description: This report provides a brief discussion of the post-employment restrictions, often called "revolving door" laws, that are applicable to members, officers, and employees of Congress after they leave congressional service or employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief Facts About Congressional Pensions

Brief Facts About Congressional Pensions

Date: January 13, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J.
Description: This report contains a table that lists the number of retired Members of Congress and the average amount of congressional pension they receive in retirement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaving Congress: House of Representatives and Senate Departures Data Since 198

Leaving Congress: House of Representatives and Senate Departures Data Since 198

Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Reynolds, Parker H. & Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Members of Congress leave the House or Senate for a variety of reasons; these may include resignation, death, or chamber action during a Congress, and retirement, electoral defeat, or pursuit of another office at the end of a Congress. This report discusses the number of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives who have left before the conclusion of a Congress since 1989.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post-Employment, "Revolving Door," Laws for Federal Personnel

Post-Employment, "Revolving Door," Laws for Federal Personnel

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report provides a brief discussion of the post-employment restrictions, often called "revolving door" laws, that are applicable to members, officers, and employees of Congress after they leave congressional service or employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department