Countercyclical Job Creation Programs

Countercyclical Job Creation Programs

Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: To counter the effect of recessions on workers, Congress has passed legislation to spur job creation through increased spending on public works (infrastructure) and public service programs, revenue sharing with state governments, and employment tax credits. Although the economic stimulus measure enacted during the 110th Congress did not include these direct job creation approaches, additional spending on infrastructure in particular was considered before Congress recessed. (See CRS Report RL34349, Economic Slowdown: Issues and Policies, coordinated by Jane G. Gravelle et al.) Infrastructure spending continues to be mentioned in the context of a second stimulus package, as do state and local government revenue sharing and a jobs tax credit. The focus of this report is on the four countercyclical job creation approaches and related legislation enacted since the Great Depression's end.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Growth During the Recovery

Job Growth During the Recovery

Date: September 30, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: Congress in recent years passed a number of bills intended in part to jump-start a recovery in the labor market from the recession that began in December 2007. Policymakers are interested in how employment has responded to stimulus measures to determine how effective the legislation has been and to decide whether additional job creation legislation is warranted. This report discusses this topic in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP): Implementation and Status

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report provides a brief outline of the programs created under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), changes made by Congress, and a summary of the current status and estimated costs of the program. It also provides an Appendix that contains detailed discussions of the individual TARP programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Derivatives Regulation in the 111th Congress

Derivatives Regulation in the 111th Congress

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Jickling, Mark & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report summarizes derivatives legislation that was considered but not enacted by the 111th Congress, and it provides background on the derivatives market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate

Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate

Date: April 18, 2012
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: Issues concerning and which can be influenced by Congress regarding unemployment rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Financial Crisis: Lessons from Sweden

The U.S. Financial Crisis: Lessons from Sweden

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: In the early 1990s, Sweden faced a large banking and exchange rate crisis which it eventually resolved. Four lessons that emerged from Sweden's experience are: 1) the resolution process must be transparent; 2) the resolution agency must be politically and financially independent; 3) market discipline must be maintained; and 4) there must be a plan to jump-start credit flows in the financial system. This report provides an overview of the Swedish banking crisis and an explanation of the measures Sweden used to restore its banking system to health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iceland's Financial Crisis

Iceland's Financial Crisis

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: On November 19, 2008, Iceland and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) finalized an agreement on a $6 billion economic stabilization program supported by a $2.1 billion loan from the IMF. Iceland's banking system had collapsed as a culmination of a series of decisions the banks made that left them highly exposed to disruptions in financial markets. The collapse of the banks also raises questions for U.S. leaders and others about supervising banks that operate across national borders, especially as it becomes increasingly difficult to distinguish the limits of domestic financial markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Intervention

Financial Market Intervention

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: Financial markets continue to experience significant disturbance and the banking sector remains fragile. Efforts to restore confidence have been met with mixed success thus far. After attempting to deal with troubled institutions on a case-by-case basis, Treasury has proposed a plan to purchase mortgage-related assets to alleviate stress in financial markets and in the banking system. This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning the financial disruptions of September 2008 and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) in H.R. 3997.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief Program (SIG TARP)

The Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief Program (SIG TARP)

Date: November 5, 2008
Creator: Burrows, Vanessa K.
Description: This report discusses the Special Inspector General provisions in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, H.R. 1424, which was enacted as P.L. 110-343 on October 3, 2008. This Act created a Special Inspector General (SIG) for the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). This report will compare the duties and authorities of the SIG TARP to those of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) and the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR), as well as statutory IGs under the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended (IG Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Turmoil: Comparing the Troubled Asset Relief Program to the Federal Reserve's Response

Financial Turmoil: Comparing the Troubled Asset Relief Program to the Federal Reserve's Response

Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: As financial conditions have deteriorated over the past year, the Federal Reserve (FeD) has greatly increased its lending to financial firms. It has also expanded the scope of eligible borrowers to include non-bank financial firms. Some have asked why these loans have not restored financial stability, and if the purchase of up to $700 billion of distressed assets through the recently enacted Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) might lead to a different result. Financial assistance to financial firms entails considerable risks to taxpayers. This report analyzes the risks and possible benefits of federally-assisted loans to banks and financial firms, especially in light of the financial crisis that came to a head in September 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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