Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: DePetris, Kathrine & Donahue-Wallace, Kelly, 1968-
Description: This paper discusses research on Francisco de Goya's painting, Allegory of Industry, 1797-1802. Abstract: Francisco de Goya's painting, Allegory of Industry, 1797-1802, departs from the traditional representation of woman as allegory. The dress, individualization and realism of the figures reflect the eighteenth century's shift in the role and representation of women of the working class. A comparison of Goya's four allegorical paintings of 1797-1802, with Cesare Ripa's Iconologia, reveals a transfiguration of allegory. Goya's Allegory of Industry, modeled after Diego Velázquez's The Weavers, abandoned the classical mythology of the seventeenth century painting and created an entirely new iconography of industry. Goya's divergence from classicism reflects a shift in the representation of working class women in eighteenth-century Spain. This shift coincided with changing gender roles and attitudes towards women as propagated by Spain's most enlightened institution, the Sociedades Económicas. Through the lenses of Feminism and Marxism, this study analyzes Goya's Allegory of Industry to highlight the relationships between gender and class in eighteenth-century Spanish industry and their visual representation in Enlightenment culture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College