The Paris Club and International Debt Relief

The Paris Club and International Debt Relief

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Paris Club, a voluntary, informal group of creditor nations who meet approximately 10 times per year and provide debt relief to developing countries. Members of the Paris Club agree to renegotiate and/or reduce official debt owed to them on a case-by-case basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit Since 2011

The Debt Limit Since 2011

Date: February 18, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses the federal debt increase. The accumulation of federal debt accelerated in the wake of the 2007-2008 financial crisis and subsequent recession. Rising debt levels, along with continued differences in views of fiscal policy, led to a series of contentious debt limit episodes in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Frequently Asked Questions about IMF Involvement in the Eurozone Debt Crisis

Frequently Asked Questions about IMF Involvement in the Eurozone Debt Crisis

Date: August 27, 2010
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.; Nanto, Dick K.; Sanford, Jonathan E. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: On May 2, 2010, the Eurozone member states and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced an unprecedented €110 billion (about $145 billion) financial assistance package for Greece. The following week, on May 9, 2010, EU leaders announced that they would make an additional €500 billion (about $636 billion) in financial assistance available to vulnerable European countries, and suggested that the IMF could contribute up to an additional €220 billion to €250 billion (about $280 billion to $318 billion). This report answers frequently asked questions about IMF involvement in the Eurozone debt crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Votes on Measures to Adjust the Statutory Debt Limit, 1978 to Present

Votes on Measures to Adjust the Statutory Debt Limit, 1978 to Present

Date: March 7, 2014
Creator: Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides roll call vote data identified by the Congressional Research Service for measures to adjust the statutory debt limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: April 25, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)

Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)

Date: April 11, 2013
Creator: Lee, Margaret Mikyung
Description: This report discusses the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), an amendment to the Consumer Credit Protection Act added in order to "eliminate abusive debt collection practices by debt collectors." Under the law, third party debt collectors are prohibited from threatening or harassing debtors, and their contacts with debtors are restricted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: February 6, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt and the IMF: Overview and Issues for Congress

Egypt and the IMF: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M. & Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the economic situation in post-revolution Egypt and negotiations between Egypt and the IMF. It also analyzes why an IMF program is controversial in Egypt and the relationship between an IMF program for Egypt and U.S. foreign policy goals in the region. It discusses the IMF program from a congressional perspective, including how debt relief for Egypt has been tied to an IMF program and legislation that would condition U.S. bilateral economic assistance to Egypt on an IMF program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: June 17, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Post-Crisis Economic Reform: Challenges for U.S. Policy

Argentina's Post-Crisis Economic Reform: Challenges for U.S. Policy

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report provides a framework for understanding Argentina's economic policies, issues raised for U.S. stakeholders, and implications for the future of U.S.-Argentine economic relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: February 17, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service's Financial Condition: A Primer

The U.S. Postal Service's Financial Condition: A Primer

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Daniel J. Richardson
Description: This report discusses the significant financial challenges facing the U.S. Postal Service (USPS). After running modest profits from FY2003 through FY2006, the USPS lost $45.6 billion between FY2007 and FY2013. Since FY2011, the USPS has defaulted on $16.7 billion in payments to its Retiree Health Benefits Fund (RHBF). The agency reached its $15 billion borrowing limit in FY2012 and did not reduce its total debt in FY2013. In October 2012, the USPS bolstered its liquidity by withdrawing all of the cash from its competitive products fund. This fund has not been replenished since that time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: July 2, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit Since 2011

The Debt Limit Since 2011

Date: March 9, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses the federal debt increase. The accumulation of federal debt accelerated in the wake of the 2007-2008 financial crisis and subsequent recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses various views on the issue of who bears the burden of the national debt, future generations or the generation that incurred it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: In December 2001, following an extended period of economic and political instability, Argentina suffered a severe financial crisis, leading to the largest default on sovereign debt in history. This report discusses efforts Argentina has made over the past decade, since that financial crisis, to restructure its debt. The report also includes discussion of the Argentine 2010 Bond Exchange and an outlook of Argentina's economic future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Debt: An Analysis of Movements from World War II to the Present

The Federal Debt: An Analysis of Movements from World War II to the Present

Date: September 17, 2010
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report will define the measures of debt, discuss the reasons why debt levels change, and use historical examples to illustrate the factors causing debt movements over the last seven decades. Recent policies that have affected the budgetary outlook and the debt will also be discussed. Finally, this report will examine the long-term U.S. debt outlook and implications of rising federal debt levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fund for "Gifts to the United States for Reduction of the Public Debt": Current Law and Proposed Legislation

Fund for "Gifts to the United States for Reduction of the Public Debt": Current Law and Proposed Legislation

Date: November 16, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report describes current law for the Public Debt Reduction Fund and discusses proposed legislation in order to evaluate four bills which have been introduced in the 112th Congress to add another method of making a contribution to reduce the national debt.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sovereign Debt in Advanced Economies: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sovereign Debt in Advanced Economies: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: October 28, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses sovereign debt, which is also called public debt or government debt, and refers to debt incurred by governments. The first section provides background information on sovereign debt, including why governments borrow, how sovereign debt differs from private debt, why governments repay their debt (or not), and how sovereign debt is measured. The second section examines the shift of concerns over sovereign debt sustainability from emerging markets in the 1990s and 2000s to advanced economies following the global financial crisis of 2008-2009, and the challenges posed by high debt levels. The third section analyzes the different policy options governments have for lowering debt levels. It also discusses the current strategy being used by most advanced economies -- fiscal austerity -- and concerns that have been raised about its global impact. Finally, the fourth section analyzes issues of particular interest to Congress, including comparisons between U.S. and European debt levels, how efforts to reduce debt levels could impact the U.S. economy, and policy options available to Congress for engaging on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Votes on Measures to Adjust the Statutory Debt Limit, 1978 to Present

Votes on Measures to Adjust the Statutory Debt Limit, 1978 to Present

Date: November 7, 2013
Creator: Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides roll call vote data identified by the Congressional Research Service for measures to adjust the statutory debt limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Standard & Poor's Downgrade of U.S. Government Long-Term Debt

Standard & Poor's Downgrade of U.S. Government Long-Term Debt

Date: August 9, 2011
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report discusses the lowering of the U.S. government debt credit rating by Standard & Poor's (S&P) on August 5, 2011. It discusses the reasons behind the lowered credit rating and implications for the U.S. economy, other debt markets, and banking regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Government Series (SLGS) Treasury Debt: A Description

State and Local Government Series (SLGS) Treasury Debt: A Description

Date: May 13, 2011
Creator: Maguire, Steven.
Description: The U.S. Treasury projected the federal debt will reach its statutory limit on May 16, 2011. On May 2, 2011, in anticipation of reaching the statutory debt limit, U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner sent a letter to Congress indicating that he would declare a debt issuance suspension period on May 16 to extend Treasury's borrowing capacity until early August 2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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