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Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 5, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages for countering mines, small boats, and diesel-electric submarines, particularly in littoral (i.e., near-shore) waters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Court-Curbing in the Ninetieth Congress

Court-Curbing in the Ninetieth Congress

Date: August 1973
Creator: Mecklenburg, Frederick
Description: This study seeks to analyze quantitatively the Court-curbing tendencies of the Ninetieth Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
How Measures Are Brought to the Senate Floor: A Brief Introduction

How Measures Are Brought to the Senate Floor: A Brief Introduction

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses two basic methods that are used by the Senate to bring legislation to the floor for consideration. The Senate, at the majority leader's request, grants unanimous consent to take up a matter or agrees to his motion to proceed to consider it. Because the motion to proceed is subject to debate in most circumstances, it is less frequently used. Both methods are derived from the basic premise that the Senate as a body may decide what matters it considers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Invoking Cloture in the Senate

Invoking Cloture in the Senate

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses cloture, the only procedure by which the Senate can vote to set an end to a debate without also rejecting the bill, amendment, conference report, motion, or other matter it has been debating.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

Date: November 27, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report examines the history and evolution of the House Committee on Ethics, including the committee's jurisdiction and investigative procedure. It does not deal with changes to federal or state criminal law or with criminal prosecutions of Members of Congress or with the specifics of disciplinary cases in the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Date: December 19, 2013
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Description: This report describes the history of the Medal of Honor and the laws and regulations pertaining to the award. The report discusses the privileges/benefits available to the recipients are discussed. Finally, this report analyzes efforts to have the Medal of Honor awarded to certain individuals outside of the normal procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Date: August 28, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Factors Influencing the Issuance and Duration of Executive Orders

Strategic Factors Influencing the Issuance and Duration of Executive Orders

Date: August 2008
Creator: Steele, Galen
Description: Executive orders are a significant source of presidential power although scholars disagree on the nature of that power. It has been argued that executive orders are an indication of a president's failure to persuade others to act as he desires; others contend that executive orders offer "power without persuasion." This dissertation introduces the conditional model of executive order issuance and duration in order to offer a synthesis to these competing views, and to offer a better understanding of the opportunities and constraints faced by the president when choosing to act unilaterally through executive orders. The conditional theory holds that both the issuance and duration of executive orders is a function of the president's ideological proximity to Congress and the Supreme Court, and the availability of fresh policy space.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Legislative Branch: FY2014 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of FY2014 legislative branch appropriations as well as figures and tables detailing prior year funding, and more detailed information about legislative branch funding issues for the Senate, House of Representatives, and government agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Mansfield, Jerry W.
Description: This report identifies, by Senate committee, presidentially appointed positions requiring Senate confirmation based on referrals as of the date of passage of S. 679, which became P.L. 112-166 on August 10, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: August 13, 2013
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report provides a list of roughly 200 congressional liaison offices, and is intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Independent Counsel Donald C. Smaltz in re Secretary of Agriculture Alphonso Michael Espy

Office of Independent Counsel Donald C. Smaltz in re Secretary of Agriculture Alphonso Michael Espy

Date: October 25, 2001
Creator: Office of Independent Counsel Donald C. Smaltz
Description: This is the web site of the Office of Independent Counsel in the investigation and prosecutions involving matters relating to former Secretary of Agriculture, Alphonso Michael Espy. Donald C. Smaltz was appointed Independent Counsel by the Special Division of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia on September 9, 1994, to "investigate to the maximum extent authorized by [law]" whether Secretary Espy "committed a violation of any federal criminal law . . . relating in any way to the acceptance of gifts by him from organizations or individuals with business pending before the Department of Agriculture." He was also given jurisdiction to investigate "other allegations or evidence of violations of any federal criminal law by organizations or individuals developed during the course of the investigation of Secretary Espy and connected with or arising out of that investigation." The purpose of this web site is to give the public access to public information that defines and explains the investigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Census Monitoring Board – Congressional Members

Census Monitoring Board – Congressional Members

Date: June 26, 1998
Creator: Census Monitoring Board – Congressional Members
Description: Congress established the Census Monitoring Board to observe and monitor all aspects of the preparation and implementation of the 2000 decennial census. The method employed by the Census to count over 275 million Americans in 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: April 26, 2013
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report provides a list of roughly 200 congressional liaison offices with phone numbers, addresses, and other contact information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 113th Congress, and Economic Effects

Section 179 and Bonus Depreciation Expensing Allowances: Current Law, Legislative Proposals in the 113th Congress, and Economic Effects

Date: April 9, 2014
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the current status, legislative history, and main economic effects (including their efficacy as an economic stimulus tool) of the Section 179 and bonus depreciation allowances. It also identifies legislative initiatives in the 113th Congress to modify either allowance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considering Legislation on the House Floor: Common Practices in Brief

Considering Legislation on the House Floor: Common Practices in Brief

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report provides a brief overview that describes the most common ways legislation is considered on the House floor, the types of questions most likely to be voted on, and the opportunities for legislative debate that are most frequently used by Members.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report outlines information about the senate Rule XXV and party conference rules that address committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Amending Process in the Senate

The Amending Process in the Senate

Date: March 15, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report is intended to provide an overview of the fundamentals of the Senate amendment process. It summarizes many of the rules, precedents, and practices of the Senate affecting the consideration of amendments to measures on the floor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

House Committee on Ethics: A Brief History of Its Evolution and Jurisdiction

Date: March 7, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report briefly outlines the background of ethics enforcement in the House of Representatives, including the creation of both the Select Committee on Ethics and the Committee on Ethics. The report also focuses on various jurisdictional and procedural changes that the House Committee on Ethics has experienced since 1967, and discusses the committee's current jurisdiction and procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R. & Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report answers several questions about the regulation of social media accounts in the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Date: April 18, 2014
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report provides historical background on the enactment of declarations of war and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. The report includes an extensive listing and summary of statutes that are triggered by a declaration of war, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. The report concludes with a summary of the congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a declaration of war or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: February 7, 2013
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report provides a list of roughly 200 congressional liaison offices with phone numbers, addresses, and other contact information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

Date: March 11, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the "Sense of" resolutions, which are considered under the normal legislative processes of each chamber applicable to any other legislative vehicle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: January 7, 2014
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report provides a list of roughly 200 congressional liaison offices with phone numbers, addresses, and other contact information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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