MEMORANDUM: Preliminary assessment of efficiency initiatives announced by Secretary of Defense Gates on August 9, 2010

MEMORANDUM: Preliminary assessment of efficiency initiatives announced by Secretary of Defense Gates on August 9, 2010

Date: August 12, 2010
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: On August 9, 2010, Secretary of Defense Gates announced a number of efficiency initiatives intended to contribute to a Defense Department effort to achieve about $100 billion of savings over the next five years. The Defense Department's intent is not to reduce the defense "top line" budget, but, rather, to apply any savings to finance currently planned programs. This report contains an order-of-magnitude analysis of amounts of money currently spent in each of the major areas Secretary Gates identified for savings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

Date: September 8, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report begins by discussing constitutional provisions allocating war powers between Congress and the President, and presenting a historical overview of relevant court cases. It considers Congress's constitutional authority to end a military conflict via legislative action. The report discusses Congress's ability to limit funding for U.S. participation in hostilities, examining relevant court cases and prior measures taken by Congress to restrict military operations, as well as possible alternative avenues to fund these activities in the event that appropriations are cut. The report then provides historical examples of measures that restrict the use of particular personnel, and concludes with a brief analysis of arguments that might be brought to bear on the question of Congress's authority to limit the availability of troops to serve in ongoing military operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Department: FY2012 Appropriations

Homeland Security Department: FY2012 Appropriations

Date: September 2, 2011
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report describes the FY2012 appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Total budget authority, including appropriations, fee revenues, and trust funds in the Administration's budget request for DHS for FY2012 amounts to $57,079 million as compared to $55,783 million enacted for FY2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight and Related Issues Concerning International Security Agreements Concluded by the United States

Congressional Oversight and Related Issues Concerning International Security Agreements Concluded by the United States

Date: June 7, 2012
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report looks at issues arising from disputes between Congress and the executive branch. It begins by providing a general background on the types of international agreements that are binding upon the United States, as well as considerations affecting whether they take the form of a treaty or an executive agreement. Next, the report discusses historical precedents as to the role that security agreements have taken, with specific attention paid to past agreements entered with Afghanistan, Germany, Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Iraq. The report discusses the oversight role that Congress exercises with respect to entering and implementing international agreements involving the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report gives an overview of fuel use by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and its pursuit of numerous initiatives for reducing its fuel needs and changing the mix of energy sources that it uses. The report includes an extensive background on DOD fuel use including how the DOD uses and buys fuel, challenges and risks associated with the DOD's fuel use, DOD energy initiatives, and past legislation that addressed DOD energy use; it also presents issues for Congress and legislative action to be addressed during FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 5, 2012
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) spends billions of dollars per year on fuel, and is pursuing numerous initiatives for reducing its fuel needs and changing the mix of energy sources that it uses. DOD's energy initiatives pose several potential oversight issues for Congress, and have been topics of discussion and debate at hearings on DOD's proposed FY2013 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 25, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior DOD leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Daggett, Stephen; Dale, Catherine; Elsea, Jennifer K. & Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: The ongoing uprising in Libya against the government of Muammar al Qadhafi has been the subject of ongoing domestic and international debate about potential international military intervention, including the proposed establishment of a no-fly zone over Libya. This report discusses several related issues for Congress surrounding the strategy, international authorization, congressional authorization, operations, and costs of establishing and maintaining no-fly zones.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2011 Appropriations

Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Else, Daniel H.; Scott, Christine & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report discusses the President's Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 budget request for the Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies appropriations bill, which provides funding for the planning, design, construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities used by active and reserve military components worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Date: August 11, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K & Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides historical background on the enactment of declarations of war and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. Because the statutes that confer standby authority on the President and the executive branch potentially play such a large role in an armed conflict to which the United States is a party, the report includes an extensive listing and summary of the statutes that are triggered by a declaration of war, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. The report concludes with a summary of the Congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a declaration of war or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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