The Effects of Priming, Culture, and Context on Perception of Facial Emotion, Self-representation and Thought: Brazil and the United States

The Effects of Priming, Culture, and Context on Perception of Facial Emotion, Self-representation and Thought: Brazil and the United States

Date: December 2011
Creator: Hoersting, Raquel Carvalho
Description: Individualist and collectivist cultural approaches describe the relationship between an individual and his or her social surroundings. the current study had a two-fold purpose. the first was to investigate whether Brazilians, like other collective peoples, displayed more group self-representations, categorized items more relationally and paid more attention to context than Americans. the second purpose of this study was to investigate if counter-cultural primes played a role in activating either collective or individual selves. Both American (n = 100) and Brazilian (n = 101) participants were assigned either to a no-prime condition or a counter-cultural prime condition and then were asked to rate emotion cartoons, categorize items, complete the Twenty Statement Test (TST), and choose a representative object. As expected, unprimed Brazilian participants displayed more collectivist patterns on emotional (F[1,196] = 10.1, p = .001, ?²= .049; F[1,196] = 7.9, p = .006, ?²= .038; F[1,196] = 9.0, p = .005, ?²= .044) and cognitive (F[1, 196] = 6.0, p < .01, ?² = .03) tasks than Americans. However, Brazilians offered more individualist self-representations (F[1, 195] = 24.0, p < .001, ?² = .11) than American participants. Priming only had a marginal effect on item categorization (F[1,194] = 3.9, p = ...
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Use of the Beck Depression Inventory in Northern Brazil

Use of the Beck Depression Inventory in Northern Brazil

Date: May 2002
Creator: Albert, Christopher
Description: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a popular screening and research instrument for measuring severity of depression. The instrument was translated to Portuguese for use in Brazil in 1979; however, it was not until recently that its psychometric properties have been tested empirically for the Brazilian population. The purpose of the present study was to explore the BDI's psychometric properties in a northern region of Brazil and to test for possible relationships between certain demographic variables and BDI outcomes. Samples used in this study were from an urban area in Roraima, the northernmost state of Brazil. The BDI showed adequate levels of internal consistency in nonclinical and clinical samples. Female respondents had significantly higher scores than male respondents. Those who had lower levels of education, income, or occupational status had significantly higher scores than those with higher levels of these variables. Adolescents had significantly higher scores than adults from all age groups except those from age 19 to 22. No significant difference was found between those who identified themselves as “indigenous” and those who identified themselves as “non-indigenous.” Regression analysis results showed that the combination of gender, education, and age best accounted for the variance in BDI scores. An ANCOVA ...
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Rebuilding the World with Green BRICs

Rebuilding the World with Green BRICs

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Hubby, Desiree & Engen, Ryan
Description: This paper discusses social, economic, and global issues and research on rebuilding the world with green, energy-efficient strategies for Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Rebuilding the World with Green BRICs

Rebuilding the World with Green BRICs

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Hubby, Desiree & Engen, Ryan
Description: Poster presentation for the 2010 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas. This poster discusses social, economic, and global issues and research on rebuilding the world with green, energy-efficient strategies for Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College
Strengthening regional safeguards

Strengthening regional safeguards

Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Palhares, L.; Almeida, G. & Mafra, O.
Description: Nuclear cooperation between Argentina and Brazil has been growing since the early 1980`s and as it grew, so did cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) was formed in December 1991 to operate the Common System of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SCCC). In April 1994, ABACC and the DOE signed an Agreement of Cooperation in nuclear material safeguards. This cooperation has included training safeguards inspectors, exchanging nuclear material measurement and containment and surveillance technology, characterizing reference materials, and studying enrichment plant safeguards. The goal of the collaboration is to exchange technology, evaluate new technology in Latin American nuclear facilities, and strengthen regional safeguards. This paper describes the history of the cooperation, its recent activities, and future projects. The cooperation is strongly supported by all three governments: the Republics of Argentina and Brazil and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OUT Success Stories: Rural Electrification in Brazil

OUT Success Stories: Rural Electrification in Brazil

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Strawn, N.
Description: The United States and Brazil are collaborating to bring electricity to some 5 million households in rural Brazil. Over the next decade, there is a potential to install approximately 500 megawatts (MW) of solar home systems and 1000 MW of community systems, bringing light to households, schools, and health clinics throughout rural Brazil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dynamic analysis of moisture transport through walls and associated cooling loads in the hot/humid climate of Florianopolis, Brazil

Dynamic analysis of moisture transport through walls and associated cooling loads in the hot/humid climate of Florianopolis, Brazil

Date: April 1, 1996
Creator: Mendes, N.; Winkelmann, F.C.; Lamberts, R.; Philippi, P.C. & Da Cunha Neto, J.A.B.
Description: The authors describe the use of a dynamic model of combined heat and mass transfer to analyze the effects on cooling loads of transient moisture storage and transport through walls with porous building materials, under varying boundary conditions. The materials studied were brick, lime mortar and autoclaved cellular concrete. The physical properties of these materials, such as mass transport coefficients, thermal conductivity and specific heat, were taken to be functions of moisture content. The simulation results were compared to those obtained by pure conduction heat transfer without moisture effects. Also analyzed were the influence on cooling loads of high moisture content due to rain soaking of materials, and the influence of solar radiation on sunny and cloudy days. The weather used was a hot/humid summer period in Florianopolis (South Brazil). It is shown that neglecting moisture migration or assuming that the physical properties of wall materials do not depend on moisture content can result in large errors in sensible and latent heat transfer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced manufacturing: Technology diffusion

Advanced manufacturing: Technology diffusion

Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Tesar, A.
Description: In this paper we examine how manufacturing technology diffuses rom the developers of technology across national borders to those who do not have the capability or resources to develop advanced technology on their own. None of the wide variety of technology diffusion mechanisms discussed in this paper are new, yet the opportunities to apply these mechanisms are growing. A dramatic increase in technology diffusion occurred over the last decade. The two major trends which probably drive this increase are a worldwide inclination towards ``freer`` markets and diminishing isolation. Technology is most rapidly diffusing from the US In fact, the US is supplying technology for the rest of the world. The value of the technology supplied by the US more than doubled from 1985 to 1992 (see the Introduction for details). History shows us that technology diffusion is inevitable. It is the rates at which technologies diffuse to other countries which can vary considerably. Manufacturers in these countries are increasingly able to absorb technology. Their manufacturing efficiency is expected to progress as technology becomes increasingly available and utilized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Projected refined product balances in key Latin American countries: A preliminary examination

Projected refined product balances in key Latin American countries: A preliminary examination

Date: June 1, 1996
Creator: unknown
Description: Over the years, the East-West Center (EWC) has developed considerable expertise in refinery modeling, especially in the area of forecasting product balances for countries, given planned capacity changes, changes in product demand, changes in crude slates, and changes in product specifications. This expertise has been applied on an ongoing basis to the major refiners in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region, along with the US West Coast as region in its own right. Refinery modeling in these three areas has been ongoing for nearly 15 years at the Center, and the tools and information sources are now well developed. To date, the EWC has not applied these tools to Latin America. Although research on Latin America has been an ongoing area of concern at the Center in recent years, the information gathered to date is still not of the level of detail nor quality available for other areas. The modeling efforts undertaken in this report are of a ``baseline`` nature, designed to outline the major issues, attempt a first cut at emerging product balances, and, above all, to elicit commentary from those directly involved in the oil industry in the key countries modeled. Our experience in other regions has ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spatial and temporal patterns of biotic exchanges of CO{sub 2} between the atmosphere and tropical landscapes and their role in the global carbon cycle. Final report

Spatial and temporal patterns of biotic exchanges of CO{sub 2} between the atmosphere and tropical landscapes and their role in the global carbon cycle. Final report

Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Skole, D.L.
Description: Land cover change is one of the most important components of global change. It might be argued that over the next 20 to 50 years the global effects on ecosystems and human habitability from land cover conversion will be much larger than any estimated to arise from climate change. Only a few datasets exist, and these suffer from a number of technical and interpretive problems. There are three areas of uncertainty which need much better documentation and analysis: (1) the state (ie information on biomass, net primary production, etc.) and distribution on existing land cover, (2) the rate and distribution of land cover conversion, both historically and currently, and (3) the underlying driving forces which determine the rate and extent of land cover conversion. Some combination of historical reconstruction and remote sensing are needed to refine the first two areas. Future research can be developed around three general areas: (a) acquisition and analysis of new data on existing and pre-disturbance land cover, using a combination of satellite data, historical reconstructions, and maps, (b) acquisition and analysis of mapped data on the distribution of primary agents of land cover change, such as deforestation or agricultural expansion using satellite data for the ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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