Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind Is Used

Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind Is Used

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: When Congress seeks to pass a law, it uses a bill or joint resolution, which must be passed by both houses in identical form, then presented to the President for his approval or disapproval. This report briefly describes this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration

Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report first sketches the procedures prescribed by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) for congressional action in relation to agreements of this kind, then summarizes legislative proceedings occurring in relation to the proposed agreement with Russia, beginning with its recent submission. Thereafter, the report addresses several questions of the implementation and intent of these statutory requirements that are raised by their application to the proposed agreement with the Russian Federation. Special attention is given to the definition of "days of continuous session" and possible implications of this definition depending on whether or not the requisite period ends before the end of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Procedures for Considering Changes in Senate Rules

Procedures for Considering Changes in Senate Rules

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report discusses procedures and related issues involved in considering changes to Senate rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filibusters and Cloture in the Senate

Filibusters and Cloture in the Senate

Date: November 29, 2012
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: Report that discusses major aspects of Senate procedure related to filibusters and cloture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cloture Attempts on Nominations

Cloture Attempts on Nominations

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report discusses topics regarding cloture as a means to limit debate and overcome a possible filibuster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2010 (74th-111th Congresses)

Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2010 (74th-111th Congresses)

Date: August 30, 2011
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses how lame duck sessions occur, and the background of the lame duck sessions between 1940 and 2010. A “lame duck” session of Congress occurs whenever one Congress meets after its successor is elected, but before the term of the current Congress ends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2009

Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2009

Date: June 5, 2009
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report discusses Senate procedure relating to Supreme Court nominations from 1789 to the present, but excluding the June 1, 2009 nomination of Sonia Sotomayor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2011

Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2011

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report examines the ways in which the Senate has handled the 160 Supreme Court nominations the President has sent to the Senate. As the purpose of this report is to examine the forms taken by Senate proceedings on these 160 nominations, it treats each nomination as a separate case. It is not couched in terms of the smaller number of different individuals nominated or the ultimate outcome the confirmation process may have had for each individual.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sessions, Adjournments, and Recesses of Congress

Sessions, Adjournments, and Recesses of Congress

Date: February 27, 2013
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report first describes how pertinent rules and practices regulate the daily sessions of Congress and their adjournments and recesses, including discussion of the "legislative day." It then develops a corresponding discussion for the annual sessions of Congress, which addresses, among other things, the use of "pro forma sessions." The report clarifies certain situations in which terms may simultaneously apply in different ways in relation to the daily session and to the annual session. Finally, the report notes some of the most important implications of the occurrence of sessions, adjournments, and recesses in relation to such matters as presidential action on legislation, recess appointments by the President, the operation of statutory expedited procedures ("fast track" procedures), and "lame duck" (post-election) sessions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2012 (74th-112th Congresses)

Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2012 (74th-112th Congresses)

Date: September 19, 2014
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses how lame duck sessions occur, and the background of the lame duck sessions between 1940 and 2012. A "lame duck" session of Congress occurs whenever one Congress meets after its successor is elected, but before the term of the current Congress ends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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