Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2011, enacted levels for FY2012 spending, and the levels consistent with President Obama's proposals for FY2013 through FY2017. It also includes a background on functional categories and a section discussing historical spending trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2012, preliminary estimates for FY2013 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2014 through FY2018 using data from President Obama's FY2014 budget submission that was released on April 10, 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit Since 2011

The Debt Limit Since 2011

Date: February 18, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses the federal debt increase. The accumulation of federal debt accelerated in the wake of the 2007-2008 financial crisis and subsequent recession. Rising debt levels, along with continued differences in views of fiscal policy, led to a series of contentious debt limit episodes in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Control Act and Trends in Discretionary Spending

The Budget Control Act and Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report mostly discusses trends in outlays (disbursements from the U.S. Treasury).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: April 25, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report presents figures showing trends in discretionary budget authority as a percentage of GDP by subfunction within each of 17 budget function categories, using data from President Obama's FY2014 budget submission. The report also provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority from FY1976 through FY2012, preliminary estimates for FY2013 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2014 through FY2018.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Date: March 10, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how deficit finance can help governments manage their economies and how large and persistent deficits can lead to severe economic problems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report presents figures showing trends in discretionary budget authority as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) by subfunction within each of 17 budget function categories, using data from President Obama's FY2016 budget submission. This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority from FY1977 through FY2014, estimates for FY2015 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2016 through FY2020.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2012
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: President Obama's FY2013 budget submission was released on February 13, 2012. This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2011, enacted levels for FY2012 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2013 through FY2017. Spending caps and budget enforcement mechanisms established in the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011 will probably strongly affect the FY2013 budget cycle. This report may provide a starting point for discussions about spending trends and federal priorities, but it does not attempt to explain spending patterns in each policy area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2011, enacted levels for FY2012 spending, and the levels consistent with President Obama's proposals for FY2013 through FY2017. It also includes a background on functional categories and a section discussing historical spending trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of the Federal Debt

Overview of the Federal Debt

Date: May 22, 2011
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: The size of current and projected federal deficits and the accumulation of federal debt are central to current congressional deliberations regarding fiscal reforms. This report provides a broad overview of the federal debt, annual budget deficits, and debt service costs. Federal debt is the accumulated sum of unrepaid borrowing by the federal government over time. The total federal debt consists of debt held by the public and intragovernmental debt. Debt owed to the public represents borrowing from entities other than the federal government, and includes borrowing from state and local governments, foreign governments and investors, the Federal Reserve System, and foreign central banks, as well as private investors in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Date: September 14, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: The FY2009 federal deficit swelled to $1.414 trillion, or nearly 10% of gross domestic product (GDP), due to the economic recession. The size of recent deficits has added to longstanding concerns regarding the federal government's long-term fiscal condition. However, deficit finance can serve as an important policy tool. This report discusses how deficit finance can help governments manage their economies and how large and persistent deficits can lead to severe economic problems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auction Basics: Background for Assessing Proposed Treasury Purchases of Mortgage- Backed Securities

Auction Basics: Background for Assessing Proposed Treasury Purchases of Mortgage- Backed Securities

Date: October 14, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses the administrations' proposal to use reverse Dutch auctions to purchase troubled assets -- primarily mortgage-related securities from financial institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auction-Rate Securities

Auction-Rate Securities

Date: September 17, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses auction-rate securities (ARSs), which most are long-term bonds, although some ARS are structured as preferred shares and so have no maturities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget for Fiscal Year 2008

The Budget for Fiscal Year 2008

Date: January 4, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) FY2009 budget request of $2.676 billion that would provide a 17.9% increase ($406 million) over FY2008. It includes an overview and breakdowns for specific programs: Foods Program, Human Drugs Program, Biologics program, Animal Drugs and Feed Program, and the Devices and Radiological Health Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auction-Rate Securities

Auction-Rate Securities

Date: July 17, 2012
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses auction-rate securities (ARSs), which most are long-term bonds, although some ARS are structured as preferred shares and so have no maturities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA; H.R. 5278, S. 2328)

The Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA; H.R. 5278, S. 2328)

Date: July 1, 2016
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: The report presents a brief description of Puerto Rico, its relationship with the federal government, and its fiscal challenges. It also includes a short overview of bill H.R. 5278, with a comparison with previous legislation involving control boards and a section-by-section description of the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2011 Appropriations in Budgetary Context

FY2011 Appropriations in Budgetary Context

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report compares the various funding levels that have been considered during the 112th Congress with H.R. 1473, a compromise reached just before the expiration on April 8 of the sixth continuing resolution (CR). H.R. 1473 provides discretionary budget authority to run the federal government for the remainder of FY2011, and includes both discretionary and mandatory spending reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report presents the means through which the total debt of the federal government can increase, gives a historical overview of debt limits, and discusses how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Does Price Transparency Improve Market Efficiency? Implications of Empirical Evidence in Other Markets for the Health Sector

Does Price Transparency Improve Market Efficiency? Implications of Empirical Evidence in Other Markets for the Health Sector

Date: April 29, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report reviews the empirical studies of the effect of changes in price transparency on prices and quality of goods in a variety of industries; addresses the extent to which this evidence might be applicable to the health care market and certain special characteristics of the health care market which may reduce the importance of prices as signals; examines how prices are actually set by hospitals and the evidence that exists on price dispersion both across hospitals and across patient categories; discusses some initiatives undertaken by governments, insurers, and interest groups to improve information about prices and to regulate price discrimination; and finally, suggests that while it is difficult to determine the consequences of greater consumer price transparency, it is reasonable to believe that greater transparency would improve outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 22, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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