HIV in Asia: History, Challenges, and Solutions

HIV in Asia: History, Challenges, and Solutions

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Chng, Chwee-Lye
Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses HIV in Asia, including its history, challenges, and solutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Education
Strengthening International Environmental Governance and Civil Society Leadership in Asia and the Pacific

Strengthening International Environmental Governance and Civil Society Leadership in Asia and the Pacific

Date: December 2008
Creator: Prasad, Deo K.; Quinn, Meaghan & Prasad, Sahil
Description: This paper describes international environmental governance and tries to engage leaders in prioritizing environmental issues and challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Report of Planning Workshop on MAIRS Mountain Zone Implementation

Report of Planning Workshop on MAIRS Mountain Zone Implementation

Date: June 2007
Creator: Manton, Michael & Ailikun
Description: Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) is an IRS research program over monsoon Asia under START and the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). It was established to address questions about the coupled human and environment system in the monsoon Asia region. The vision of MAIRS is to significantly advance understanding of the interactions between the human and natural components of the overall environment in the monsoon Asian region and implications for the global earth system, in order to support strategies for sustainable development. Regional-scale studies of global change provide the knowledge base for undertaking vulnerability analyses, identification of hotspots of risk and studies of environmental degradation which are crucial for the sustainable development. Regions may manifest significantly different environmental dynamics, and changes in regional biophysical, biogeochemical and anthropogenic components may produce considerably different consequences for the earth system at the global scale. Regions are not closed systems and thus the linkages between regional changes and the global earth system are crucial. This specific report focuses on Planning Workshop on MAIRS Mountain Zone Implementation that held in China. Integrated Regional Studies (IRSs) should have relevance for people living in the regions and should provide a sound scientific basis for the sustainable ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The North Texan, Volume 56, Number 2, Summer 2006

The North Texan, Volume 56, Number 2, Summer 2006

Date: Summer 2006
Creator: University of North Texas
Description: The North Texan magazine includes articles and notes about UNT students, faculty, and alumni activities.
Contributing Partner: University Relations, Communications & Marketing department for UNT
A Comparison of the Higher Education Systems of Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong as a Model for Developing Nations, 1945-1980

A Comparison of the Higher Education Systems of Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong as a Model for Developing Nations, 1945-1980

Date: August 1996
Creator: Kumnuch, Em-Amorn
Description: The purposes of this study were to (a) examine higher education activities from 1945 to 1980 before Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong became newly industrialized countries; (b) study the higher education reforms that each country made in its progress in order to meet the challenge; (c) compare and contrast the higher education systems that were adopted; and (d) identify a single Asian higher education system model (descriptive model) for any country that desires to become an industrialized country. Historical research was utilized in this study. This study was approached as follows: First, the economic growth of the countries under study was examined. Then, the countries' higher education systems were compared and contrasted. The result is at least one possible higher education system model that can be used by any country to improve the future performance of its higher education system. The study concluded that the models of higher education used by Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong from 1945 to 1980 were not identical. However, they came to similar conclusions in terms of economic development. In this case, an emerging industrial country like the social and economic condition of Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong would find that adoption of those higher ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Paleoclimate and Glaciological Reconstruction in Central Asia Through The Collection and Analysis of Ice Cores and Instrumental Data From the Tien Shan

Paleoclimate and Glaciological Reconstruction in Central Asia Through The Collection and Analysis of Ice Cores and Instrumental Data From the Tien Shan

Date: May 30, 2001
Creator: Wake, Cameron P.; Aizen, Vladimir & Kreutz, Karl
Description: Paleoclimate and Glaciological Reconstruction in Central Asis Through The Collection And Analysis of Ice Cores and Instrumental Data From The Tien Shan
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hawaii energy strategy project 2: Fossil energy review. Task 1: World and regional fossil energy dynamics

Hawaii energy strategy project 2: Fossil energy review. Task 1: World and regional fossil energy dynamics

Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Breazeale, K.; Isaak, D.T.; Yamaguchi, N.; Fridley, D.; Johnson, C. & Long, S.
Description: This report in the Hawaii Energy Strategy Project examines world and regional fossil energy dynamics. The topics of the report include fossil energy characteristics, the world oil industry including reserves, production, consumption, exporters, importers, refining, products and their uses, history and trends in the global oil market and the Asia-Pacific market; world gas industry including reserves, production, consumption, exporters, importers, processing, gas-based products, international gas market and the emerging Asia-Pacific gas market; the world coal industry including reserves, classification and quality, utilization, transportation, pricing, world coal market, Asia-Pacific coal outlook, trends in Europe and the Americas; and environmental trends affecting fossil fuels. 132 figs., 46 tabs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World nuclear outlook 1995

World nuclear outlook 1995

Date: September 29, 1995
Creator: unknown
Description: As part of the EIA program to provide energy information, this analysis report presents the current status and projections through 2015 of nuclear capacity, generation, and fuel cycle requirements for all countries in the world using nuclear power to generate electricity for commercial use. It also contains information and forecasts of developments in the uranium market. Long-term projections of US nuclear capacity, generation, and spent fuel discharges for two different scenarios through 2040 are developed for the Department of Energy`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). In turn, the OCRWM provides partial funding for preparation of this report. The projections of uranium requirements are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for preparation of the Nuclear Energy Agency/OECD report, Summary of Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Data in OECD Member Countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Final report on the proposal to provide Asian science and technology information.

Final report on the proposal to provide Asian science and technology information.

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Lopez, Wallace H.
Description: The focus of this program, was to address those scientific, technical, market, and policy activities which are supported/conducted by Japanese and other relevant Asian organizations pursing research, development and/or manufacturing in high performance computing and communications (HPC), networking, and related sectors, as well as, relevant specialized end applications. The scope of the programs and activities were focused on establishing direct and timely analyses of relevant scientific and technical trend and developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental trends in Asia are accelerating the introduction of clean coal technologies and natural gas

Environmental trends in Asia are accelerating the introduction of clean coal technologies and natural gas

Date: September 1, 1997
Creator: Johnson, C.J.
Description: This paper examines the changing energy mix for Asia to 2020, and impacts of increased coal consumption on Asia`s share of world SO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} emissions. Stricter SO{sub 2} emissions laws are summarized for eight Asian economies along with implications for fuel and technology choices. The paper compares the economics of different technologies for coal and natural gas in 1997 and in 2007. Trends toward introducing clean coal technologies and the use of natural gas will accelerate in response to tighter environmental standards by 2000. The most important coal conversion technology for Asia, particularly China, in the long term is likely to be integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC), but only under the assumption of multiple products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. coal outlook in Asia

U.S. coal outlook in Asia

Date: February 1, 1997
Creator: Johnson, C.J.
Description: Coal exports from the US to Asia are declining over time as a result of (1) increased competition from coal suppliers within the Asia-Pacific region, (2) changing steel making technologies, (3) decreased emphasis on security of coal supplies, and (4) deregulation of the energy industry--particularly electric utilities. There are no major changes on the horizon that are likely to alter the role of the US as a modest coal supplier to the Asia-Pacific region. The downward trend in US coal exports to Asia is expected to continue over the 1997--2010 period. But economic and policy changes underway in Asia are likely to result in periodic coal shortages, lasting a few months to a year, and short term increased export opportunities for US coal. US coal exports to Asia are projected to fluctuate within the following ranges over the 2000--2010 period: 10--17 million tons in total exports, 6--12 million tons in thermal coal exports, and 4--9 million tons in coking coal exports. The most important role for US coal, from the perspective of Asian coal importing countries, is to ensure a major alternative source of coal supplies that can be turned to in the event of unforeseen disruptions in coal supplies ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Role of coal in the world and Asia

Role of coal in the world and Asia

Date: October 1, 1994
Creator: Johnson, C.J. & Li, B.
Description: This paper examines the changing role of coal in the world and in Asia. Particular attention is given to the rapidly growing demand for coal in electricity generation, the importance of China as a producer and consumer of coal, and the growing environmental challenge to coal. Attention is given to the increasing importance of low sulfur coal and Clean Coal Technologies in reducing the environmental impacts of coal burning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asia`s energy future: The case of coal -- opportunities and constraints

Asia`s energy future: The case of coal -- opportunities and constraints

Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Johnson, C.J.
Description: In this paper the author presents his views about the changing energy mix in Asia to the year 2020, and why the importance of coal will continue. The topics of the paper include Asia`s energy mix compared with the rest of the world including nuclear power, hydropower, solar and wind energy, oil, coal, and natural gas; the economics of coal and natural gas; coal production and consumption; new energy sources; Asia`s energy mix in the year 2020; resource depletion and conclusions. 4 figs., 1 tab.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
1995 Asia investment survey - coal, private power, and technology

1995 Asia investment survey - coal, private power, and technology

Date: June 1, 1995
Creator: Johnson, C.J. & Li, Binsheng
Description: An investment survey for Asia is presented. The market for fossil-fuel power plants and air pollution control are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Synchrotron light sources: A powerful tool for science and technology

Synchrotron light sources: A powerful tool for science and technology

Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: Schlachter, F. & Robinson, A.
Description: A new generation of synchrotron light sources is producing extremely bright beams of vacuum-ultraviolet and x-ray radiation, powerful new tools for research in a wide variety of basic and applied sciences. Spectromicroscopy using high spectral and spatial resolution is a new way of seeing, offering many opportunities in the study of matter. Development of a new light source provides the country or region of the world in which the light source is located many new opportunities: a focal point for research in many scientific and technological areas, a means of upgrading the technology infrastructure of the country, a means of training students, and a potential service to industry. A light source for Southeast Asia would thus be a major resource for many years. Scientists and engineers from light sources around the world look forward to providing assistance to make this a reality in Southeast Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outlook and challenges to coal in Asia: 1994--2015

Outlook and challenges to coal in Asia: 1994--2015

Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Johnson, C.J. & Li, B.
Description: The two key threats to coal`s long term dominance in Asia are: (1) its uneven distribution of reserves and lack of adequate rail transportation infrastructure, and (2) growing environmental concerns about coal-related pollution. Even with increased attention to emissions control for coal, continued growth in coal consumption is expected to result in further deterioration of the environment in Asia for another one to two decades. China will remain the largest polluter in Asia, but it`s believed it will become Asia`s largest user of emissions control technology by 2015. The authors have subjectively weighed the above constraints to increased coal use in preparing the projections of the future role of coal in the Asian region. This paper shows past trends in coal production and consumption, plus projections of coal production, consumption and trade over the 1994--2015 period. The projections in this paper are useful as a general indicator of long term patterns in Asia. However, there are too many uncertainties about economic growth rates and energy and environmental policies to suggest that the projections will be accurate for every economy. This paper concludes with the preliminary results of research under way, which suggests that increasing economic wealth in China is the ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China`s macro economic trends and power industry structure

China`s macro economic trends and power industry structure

Date: September 1, 1994
Creator: Li, Binsheng; Johnson, C.J. & Hagen, R.
Description: Since China adopted an open door policy in 1978, its economy has grown rapidly. Between 1980 and 1993, China`s real GNP growth averaged 9.4 percent per year. Economists at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences forecast that GNP will increase by 11.5 percent in 1994. During the rest of the decade, the Chinese government plans to reduce its annual GNP growth rate to 8-9 percent. During the 2001-2010 period, the economic growth rate is projected to decline to 6.5 percent per year. Table 1 compares China`s economic growth to other Asia-Pacific Economies, and includes projections to 2010. During the 1980s, China`s GDP growth rate was only second to that of South Korea. In the 1990`s, China is projected to have the highest economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region. China`s rapid economic growth is due to dramatic increases in the effective labor supply and effective capital stock. For the remainder of the 1990s, the effective labor supply should continue to increase rapidly because: (1) Chinese state enterprises are over-staffed and labor system reforms will move millions of these workers into more productive activities; (2) reforms in the wage system will provide increased incentives to work harder; (3) relaxation of migration controls ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation energy data book: edition 16

Transportation energy data book: edition 16

Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: Davis, S.C. & McFarlin, D.N.
Description: The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 16 is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Office of Transportation Technologies in the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a desk-top reference, the data book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize transportation activity, and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this document is to present relevant statistical data in the form of tables and graphs. Each of the major transportation modes is treated in separate chapters or sections. Chapter 1 compares U.S. transportation data with data from other countries. Aggregate energy use and energy supply data for all modes are presented in Chapter 2. The highway mode, which accounts for over three-fourths of total transportation energy consumption, is dealt with in Chapter 3. Topics in this chapter include automobiles, trucks, buses, fleet vehicles, federal standards, fuel economies, and high- occupancy vehicle lane data. Household travel behavior characteristics are displayed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 contains information on alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. Chapter 6 covers the major nonhighway modes: air, water, and rail. The last chapter, Chapter 7, ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coal investment and long-term supply and demand outlook for coal in the Asia-Pacific Region

Coal investment and long-term supply and demand outlook for coal in the Asia-Pacific Region

Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Johnson, C.J.
Description: The theme of this symposium to look ahead almost a quarter century to 2020 gives one the freedom to speculate more than usual in projections for coal. It is important to attempt to take a long term look into the future of coal and energy, so that one can begin to prepare for major changes on the horizon. However, it would be a mistake to believe that the crystal ball for making long term projections is accurate for 2020. Hopefully it can suggest plausible changes that have long term strategic importance to Asia`s coal sector. This paper presents the medium scenario of long term projects of coal production, consumption, imports and exports in Asia. The second part of the paper examines the two major changes in Asia that could be most important to the long term role of coal. These include: (1) the impact of strict environmental legislation on energy and technology choices in Asia, and (2) the increased role of the private sector in all aspects of coal in Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Paleo-Climate and Glaciological Reconstruction in Central Asia through the Collection and Analysis of Ice Cores and Instrumental Data from the Tien Shan

Paleo-Climate and Glaciological Reconstruction in Central Asia through the Collection and Analysis of Ice Cores and Instrumental Data from the Tien Shan

Date: May 30, 2001
Creator: Aizen, Vladimir; Bren, Donald; Kreutz, Karl & Wake, Cameron
Description: While the majority of ice core investigations have been undertaken in the polar regions, a few ice cores recovered from carefully selected high altitude/mid-to-low latitude glaciers have also provided valuable records of climate variability in these regions. A regional array of high resolution, multi-parameter ice core records developed from temperate and tropical regions of the globe can be used to document regional climate and environmental change in the latitudes which are home to the vase majority of the Earth's human population. In addition, these records can be directly compared with ice core records available from the polar regions and can therefore expand our understanding of inter-hemispheric dynamics of past climate changes. The main objectives of our paleoclimate research in the Tien Shan mountains of middle Asia combine the development of detailed paleoenvironmental records via the physical and chemical analysis of ice cores with the analysis of modern meteorological and hydrological data. The first step in this research was the collection of ice cores from the accumulation zone of the Inylchek Glacier and the collection of meteorological data from a variety of stations throughout the Tien Shan. The research effort described in this report was part of a collaborative effort with ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interannual variation of East Asian Winter Monsoon and ENSO

Interannual variation of East Asian Winter Monsoon and ENSO

Date: December 1, 1996
Creator: Zhang, Yi; Sperber, Kenneth R. & Boyle, James S.
Description: This paper examines the interannual variation of the East Asian winter monsoon and its relationship with EJSO based on the 1979-1995 NCEP/NCAR reanalysis. Two stratifications of cold surges are used. The first one, described as the conventional cold surges, indicates that the surge frequency reaches a urn one year after El Nino events. The second one, originated from the same region as the first, is defined as the maximum wind events near the South China Sea. The variation of this stratification of surges is found to be in good agreement with the South Oscillation Index (SOI). Low SOI (high SOI) events coincide with years of low (high) surge frequency. The interannual variation of averaged meridional wind near the South China Sea and western Pacific is dominated by the South China Sea cold surges, and is also well correlated (R--O.82) with the SOI. Strong wind seasons are associated with La Nina and high SOI events; likewise, weak wind years are linked with El Nino and low SOI cases. This pattern is restricted north of the equator within the region of (OON-20 N, 11OOE-1300E), and is confined to the near surface layer. The surface Siberian high, 500 hPa trough and 200 hPa ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The climatology of East Asian winter monsoon and cold surges from 1979--1995 NCEP/NCAR reanalyses

The climatology of East Asian winter monsoon and cold surges from 1979--1995 NCEP/NCAR reanalyses

Date: April 1996
Creator: Zhang, Yi; Sperber, K. & Boyle, J.
Description: The East Asian winter monsoon, which is associated with the Siberian high and active cold surges, is one of the most energetic monsoon circulation systems. The dramatic shift of northeasterlies and the outbreak of cold surges dominate the winter weather and local climate in the East Asian region, and may exert a strong impact on the extratropical and tropical planetary-scale circulations and influence the SSTs in the tropical western Pacific. General characteristics of the winter monsoon and cold surges and their possible link with tropical disturbances are revealed in many observational studies. Little attention has been given to the climatological aspects of the winter monsoon and cold surges. The purpose of this study is to compile and document the East Asian mean winter circulation, and present the climatology of cold surges and the Siberian high based on the 1979--1995 NCEP/NCAR reanalyses. Of particular interest is the interannual variation of winter monsoon circulation and cold surge events. Given that the cold surge activity and the Indonesian convection are much reduced during the 1982--83 period, one of the goals is to determine whether there exists a statistically significant relationship between ENSO and the interannual variation of winter monsoon and cold surges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
East Asian hydroclimate and agro-ecosystem research using the UC-LLNL regional climate system model

East Asian hydroclimate and agro-ecosystem research using the UC-LLNL regional climate system model

Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Miller, N.L.; Kim, J.; Chung, T.; Oh, J. & Bae, D.
Description: Investigations of East Asian hydroclimate and agro-ecosystem response to hydroclimate variability have been initiated using the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Regional Climate System Model (RCSM). This system simulates climate from the global scale down to the watershed catchment scale, and consists of data pre- and post-processors, and four model components. The four model components are (1) a mesoscale atmospheric simulation model, (2) a soil-plant-snow model, (3) a watershed hydrology-riverflow modeling suite, and (4) a crop response modeling suite. The first three model components have been coupled, and the system includes two-way feedbacks between the soil-plant-snow model and the mesoscale atmospheric simulation model. Integration of the fourth component - the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) into the RCSM is part of our current research plan. This paper provides a brief overview of agro-ecosystem modeling, the RCSM, applications of the RCSM to East Asia, and future directions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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