Animal Identification and Traceability: Overview and Issues

Animal Identification and Traceability: Overview and Issues

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report provides a summary of current developments in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) effort to establish a national animal traceability capacity with the intended goal of being able to rapidly identify and respond to an animal disease outbreak. National animal identification and traceability appear to have substantial economic value, yet federal proposals have proven controversial among certain segments of the U.S. cattle industry. This report provides background on animal ID and traceability in general, and the development of the current U.S. system of animal ID and traceability in particular. In addition, it reviews the claims and counter-claims of proponents and opponents of a national animal ID system, and describes many of the unresolved issues related to program development. Finally, two appendixes offer a brief chronology of the development of the U.S. National Animal Identification System (NAIS) and its successor program, and a brief description of the major international organizations involved in setting standards and rules for animal health and trade in animal products, along with summary descriptions of animal ID and traceability programs found in other major livestock producer and consumer countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues

Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues

Date: March 10, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: Since the fall of 2003, a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has spread throughout Asia, infecting mostly poultry but also a limited number of humans. The virus reached Europe in 2005, and the Middle East and Africa in 2006. Avian flu is highly contagious in domestic poultry. Strict biosecurity measures are practiced by commercial poultry farms and encouraged by governments. The economic effects of avian flu outbreaks can be significant, especially given international trade restrictions. Controlling avian flu in poultry is seen as the best way to prevent a human pandemic from developing, by reducing the number of animal hosts in which the virus may evolve. This report mainly covers avian flu in poultry, and will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues

Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: Since the fall of 2003, a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has spread throughout Asia, infecting mostly poultry but also a limited number of humans. The virus reached Europe in 2005, and the Middle East and Africa in 2006. Avian flu is highly contagious in domestic poultry. Strict biosecurity measures are practiced by commercial poultry farms and encouraged by governments. The economic effects of avian flu outbreaks can be significant, especially given international trade restrictions. Controlling avian flu in poultry is seen as the best way to prevent a human pandemic from developing, by reducing the number of animal hosts in which the virus may evolve. This report mainly covers avian flu in poultry, and will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Identification and Meat Traceability

Animal Identification and Meat Traceability

Date: March 7, 2006
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: U.S. animal agriculture is seeking to improve its ability to trace the movement of livestock from their birthplace to slaughter. The livestock and meat industries are working with the U.S. government to develop a national animal identification (ID) plan for livestock disease tracking purposes. This report focuses on animal ID and, to a lesser extent, on meat traceability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Identification and Meat Traceability

Animal Identification and Meat Traceability

Date: September 2, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: U.S. animal agriculture is seeking to improve its ability to trace the movement of livestock from their birthplace to slaughter. The livestock and meat industries are working with the U.S. government to develop a national animal identification (ID) plan for livestock disease tracking purposes. This report focuses on animal ID and, to a lesser extent, on meat traceability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Update on the Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreak of 2014-2015

Update on the Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreak of 2014-2015

Date: July 20, 2015
Creator: Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report discusses selected issues regarding the severe outbreak of highly-pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) currently affecting poultry in the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding Plant and Animal Health Emergencies: Transfers from the Commodity Credit Corporation

Funding Plant and Animal Health Emergencies: Transfers from the Commodity Credit Corporation

Date: October 19, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim & Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report examines the Secretary of Agriculture's authority to transfer funds from the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for emergency control programs. The Secretary’s use of this authority has increased in recent years, and has become an issue within government concerning the method for funding plant and animal health programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foot and Mouth Disease: A Threat to U.S. Agriculture

Foot and Mouth Disease: A Threat to U.S. Agriculture

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E. & Rawson, Jean M.
Description: An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) among livestock in the United Kingdom and parts of Europe that began in February 2001 has raised concerns about the United States’ ability to prevent the disease from spreading to this country and readiness to eradicate it should an outbreak occur. This report describes the characteristics of the FMD virus and disease, the current measures the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is taking to prevent its importation, and the authorities USDA has to act to eradicate an outbreak. The FMD threat also raises issues concerning the adequacy of funding for disease exclusion and research, the availability of vaccines, and USDA’s authority to move preemptively against a potential outbreak, among other things.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report discusses the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) also know as mad cow disease, which is a degenerative, fatal disease affecting the nervous system in cattle. Worldwide, BSE has been found in 187,000 animals, 183,000 of them in Great Britain, where it was first detected in 1986.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
BSE (“Mad Cow Disease”): A Brief Overview

BSE (“Mad Cow Disease”): A Brief Overview

Date: July 18, 2006
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: The appearance of BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy or “mad cow disease”) in North America in 2003 raised meat safety concerns and disrupted trade for cattle and beef producers. A major issue for Congress has been how to rebuild foreign confidence in the safety of U.S. beef and regain lost markets like Japan and Korea. Among other issues are whether additional measures are needed to further protect the public and cattle herd, and concerns over the relative costs and benefits of such measures for consumers, taxpayers and industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: March 12, 2007
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. This report focuses primarily on biological weapons (rather than chemical weapons) because biological weapons generally are considered the more potent agroterrorism threat. This report also focuses more on the threat of agroterrorism against agricultural production, rather than on food processing and distribution, although the latter is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department