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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Decade: 1990-1999
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Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

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Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

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Date: October 27, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Flatley, Robert H.
Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran Robert H. Flatley. The interview includes Flatley's personal experiences about being a P-38 pilot in the Pacific Theater during the World War II, basic training, flight training, P-38 training, various assignments and missions, and the destruction of forty-seven locomotives. Flatley also talks about various missions to targets in the Philippines, activities between combat missions, postwar military activities in the Philippines, and postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

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Date: December 2, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Alexander, Shuford M., Jr.
Description: Interview with engineer and Army Air Forces veteran Shuford M. Alexander, Jr. The interview includes Alexander's personal experiences about being a fighter pilot in Italy during World War II, basic training, flight training, various assignments and transfers, Operation STRANGLE, being shot down by flak over Piacenza, and being rescued by Italian partisans. Additionally, Alexander talks about his link-up with a British A-4 Mission and his attempt to reach Allied lines, his betrayal by a German agent and his subsequent capture, escaping and continuing his search for Allied lines, his observations and opinions about the partisans, a second encounter with a British A-4 Mission, the Martani family in the village of Tosca, his group's trek through mountain snow to reach Allied lines, meeting with British paratroopers and with African-American soldiers from the 92nd Infantry Division, and his reunion with his squadron in Pisa. The interview includes an appendix with a narrative by Alexander.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, November 16, 1999

Oral History Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, November 16, 1999

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Date: November 16, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Dunn, E. Benjamin
Description: Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, Army veteran and member of the "Lost Battalion." The interview includes Dunn's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, basic training, the fall of Java and being captured, Changi Prison Camp, building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, Nakhon Pathom, and liberation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Alton O. Crawley, March 9, 1999

Oral History Interview with Alton O. Crawley, March 9, 1999

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Date: March 9, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crawley, Alton O.
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Alton O. Crawley. The interview includes Crawley's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, having pre-war civilian jobs in radio/communications work, training for Office of Strategic Services operations, being assigned to Wudu, China, coast watching activities and radio transmissions, and various miscellaneous accounts of his tour of duty in China. The interview includes an appendix with various letters accompanied by a list detailing them, and an itinerary for per diem claims.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

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Date: August 6, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Garver, Mervin
Description: Interview with Mervin Garver. The interview includes Garver's personal experiences about education and childhood during the Great Depression, being a defense worker at Riverside Foundry, blackouts and air raid wardens, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's visits to Wrightsville by train. Garver also talks about his draft classification as 4-F due to psychoneurosis, his personal feelings about being classified as 4-F, local reactions to his 4-F status, the production of hand grenade and radar cores at Riverside Foundry, the financial and patriotic incentives to increase war production, the purchase of war bonds and stamps, employment of women and wartime shortages, rationing of food and gasoline, the "Victory Bus," effects of WW II on his personal finances and on the postwar lives of Wrightsville's citizens, the transition from wartime to peacetime production at Riverside Foundry, and his memories of post-World War II Memorial Day celebrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank L. Dolan, December 15, 1995

Oral History Interview with Frank L. Dolan, December 15, 1995

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Date: December 15, 1995
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Dolan, Frank L.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank L. Dolan. The interview includes Dolan's personal experiences aboard the repair ship USS Vestal during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The interview includes an appendix with a narrative written by Dolan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

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Date: November 13, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumbling, Warren D.
Description: Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, Army veteran, special agent, and member of the White House Security Detail for President Lyndon B. Johnson. The interview includes Crumbling's personal experiences about education and employment before entering the military, basic training, various assignments, and being appointed to the White House Security Detail at President Lyndon B. Johnson's LBJ Ranch. Additionally, Crumbling talks about relations between the military and civilian law enforcement authorities in San Antonio during World War II, his marriage, his fourth enlistment and assignment to Kobe, Japan, various stateside assignments, his retirement from the Army, President and Mrs. Johnson, and his retirement from the Secret Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

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Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bray, Leslie W., Jr.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Leslie W. Bray, Jr. The interview includes Bray's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, youth during the Great Depression, flight training, being designated as the commander of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, stationing at Sylhet, India as part of his assignment to the CBI Theater, supplying the British 14th Army in Burma, flying difficulties due to weather conditions, various transfers, and flying "The Hump." Bray also talks about his early aspirations to become an aviator, initial failures to pass the Air Forces physical examination, his assignment to Troop Carrier Command, flying C-47s with the 1st Troop Carrier Group, his appointment as assistant group operations officer for the 10th Troop Carrier Group, Air Force School of Applied Tactics, the training of replacement units at various Air Force installations, the deactivation of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, and his postwar Air Force career and retirement as a general officer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program