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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Decade: 1990-1999
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Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank L. Dolan, December 15, 1995

Oral History Interview with Frank L. Dolan, December 15, 1995

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Date: December 15, 1995
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Dolan, Frank L.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank L. Dolan. The interview includes Dolan's personal experiences aboard the repair ship USS Vestal during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The interview includes an appendix with a narrative written by Dolan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, May 18, 1999

Oral History Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, May 18, 1999

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Date: May 28, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumling, Eugene L.
Description: Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, bartender and former professional ballplayer. The interview includes Crumling's personal experiences about being a professional baseball player in the U.S. during World War II. Crumling talks about his semi-pro baseball career in the late 1930s and early 1940s, the origin of his nickname, signing his first professional contract, life in the minor leagues during wartime, his draft classification as 4-F, his employment in defense-related work during the off-seasons, contrasts between life in the minors and life in the majors, individual Cardinals players, his first game and his first, and only, hit in the majors, the remainder of his minor league career, and his personal thoughts about the reserve clause, player strikes, modern-day salaries, and expansion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

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Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bray, Leslie W., Jr.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Leslie W. Bray, Jr. The interview includes Bray's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, youth during the Great Depression, flight training, being designated as the commander of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, stationing at Sylhet, India as part of his assignment to the CBI Theater, supplying the British 14th Army in Burma, flying difficulties due to weather conditions, various transfers, and flying "The Hump." Bray also talks about his early aspirations to become an aviator, initial failures to pass the Air Forces physical examination, his assignment to Troop Carrier Command, flying C-47s with the 1st Troop Carrier Group, his appointment as assistant group operations officer for the 10th Troop Carrier Group, Air Force School of Applied Tactics, the training of replacement units at various Air Force installations, the deactivation of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, and his postwar Air Force career and retirement as a general officer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

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Date: November 18, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ford, Wilbur H.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Wilbur H. Ford. The interview includes Ford's personal experiences about being a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II, training, transferring to the Army Air Force from the Army, flight training, B-17 transition training, and crew training. Ford also talks about his assignment to the 401st Bomb Group, enemy flak, the highlights of his nine missions over Germany, battle damage to his plane, the Dresden raid, returning to the States, and transition training in B-29s for transfer to the Pacific Theater.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with James Driver, March 21, 1999

Oral History Interview with James Driver, March 21, 1999

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Date: March 21, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Driver, James
Description: Interview with Navy veteran James Driver. The interview includes Driver's personal experiences about being a dive-bomber and fighter pilot during the Pacific Theater during World War II, various phases of training, dive-bomber training, having convoy escort duty off New Hebrides, the neutralization of Rabaul, transferring to fighter planes, flying combat air patrol off the carrier USS Hancock, providing cover for the Marine landings on Okinawa, combat against kamikazes, engagements against enemy fighters and kamikazes on the last day of the war, locating and dropping supplies to prisoner-of-war camps in Japan, and returning to the States. The interview includes an appendix with a letter written by Driver.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

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Date: February 22, 1997
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Donley, Richard
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with William E. Cooper, September 7, 1999

Oral History Interview with William E. Cooper, September 7, 1999

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Date: September 7, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Cooper, William E.
Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran William E. Cooper. The interview includes Cooper's personal experiences about being a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater, pre-flight and flight training, various assignments, and dropping supplies by parachute to prisoners-of-war. Cooper also talks about living on Guam, mechanical weaknesses of the B-29, his descriptions of Nagasaki and Hiroshima from the air after the dropping of the atomic bombs, his disappointment with not being able to fly combat missions, postwar duty as a test pilot on Guam, and his postwar civilian activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

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Date: November 13, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumbling, Warren D.
Description: Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, Army veteran, special agent, and member of the White House Security Detail for President Lyndon B. Johnson. The interview includes Crumbling's personal experiences about education and employment before entering the military, basic training, various assignments, and being appointed to the White House Security Detail at President Lyndon B. Johnson's LBJ Ranch. Additionally, Crumbling talks about relations between the military and civilian law enforcement authorities in San Antonio during World War II, his marriage, his fourth enlistment and assignment to Kobe, Japan, various stateside assignments, his retirement from the Army, President and Mrs. Johnson, and his retirement from the Secret Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Alton O. Crawley, March 9, 1999

Oral History Interview with Alton O. Crawley, March 9, 1999

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Date: March 9, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crawley, Alton O.
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Alton O. Crawley. The interview includes Crawley's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, having pre-war civilian jobs in radio/communications work, training for Office of Strategic Services operations, being assigned to Wudu, China, coast watching activities and radio transmissions, and various miscellaneous accounts of his tour of duty in China. The interview includes an appendix with various letters accompanied by a list detailing them, and an itinerary for per diem claims.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

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Date: August 6, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Garver, Mervin
Description: Interview with Mervin Garver. The interview includes Garver's personal experiences about education and childhood during the Great Depression, being a defense worker at Riverside Foundry, blackouts and air raid wardens, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's visits to Wrightsville by train. Garver also talks about his draft classification as 4-F due to psychoneurosis, his personal feelings about being classified as 4-F, local reactions to his 4-F status, the production of hand grenade and radar cores at Riverside Foundry, the financial and patriotic incentives to increase war production, the purchase of war bonds and stamps, employment of women and wartime shortages, rationing of food and gasoline, the "Victory Bus," effects of WW II on his personal finances and on the postwar lives of Wrightsville's citizens, the transition from wartime to peacetime production at Riverside Foundry, and his memories of post-World War II Memorial Day celebrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, November 16, 1999

Oral History Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, November 16, 1999

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Date: November 16, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Dunn, E. Benjamin
Description: Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, Army veteran and member of the "Lost Battalion." The interview includes Dunn's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, basic training, the fall of Java and being captured, Changi Prison Camp, building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, Nakhon Pathom, and liberation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Carl Gorman, October 9, 1994

Oral History Interview with Carl Gorman, October 9, 1994

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Date: October 9, 1994
Creator: Christman, Calvin & Gorman, Carl
Description: Interview with Marine Corps veteran Carl Gorman. The interview includes Gorman's personal experiences as a Navajo code talker with the 2nd Marines on Guadacanal, Tarawa, and Saipan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

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Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

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Date: December 2, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Alexander, Shuford M., Jr.
Description: Interview with engineer and Army Air Forces veteran Shuford M. Alexander, Jr. The interview includes Alexander's personal experiences about being a fighter pilot in Italy during World War II, basic training, flight training, various assignments and transfers, Operation STRANGLE, being shot down by flak over Piacenza, and being rescued by Italian partisans. Additionally, Alexander talks about his link-up with a British A-4 Mission and his attempt to reach Allied lines, his betrayal by a German agent and his subsequent capture, escaping and continuing his search for Allied lines, his observations and opinions about the partisans, a second encounter with a British A-4 Mission, the Martani family in the village of Tosca, his group's trek through mountain snow to reach Allied lines, meeting with British paratroopers and with African-American soldiers from the 92nd Infantry Division, and his reunion with his squadron in Pisa. The interview includes an appendix with a narrative by Alexander.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Noah Brown, March 31, 1994

Oral History Interview with Noah Brown, March 31, 1994

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Date: March 31, 1994
Creator: Brantley, Janet & Brown, Noah
Description: Interview with Noah Brown. The interview includes Brown's personal experiences as an employee of the Red River Arsenal and the Lone Star Ordinance Plant. Brown also talks about union activities, safety procedures, women employees, and work schedules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998

Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998

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Date: August 18, 1998
Creator: Baird, James & Baird, Melvin R.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Melvin R. "Pancho" Baird. It includes a combination of interviewing and reading from Baird's personal correspondence about his pre-World War II experiences with the U.S. Asiatic Fleet and his later experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Baird talks about his stationing aboard the destroyer USS Alden as a radioman, the grounding of the SS President Hoover off of Hoishito Island, the Sino-Japanese War, liberty ashore various Asian port cities, events on the South China Patrol, civilian activities after his discharge, activities as a radio technician on Blue Beach during the Okinawan Campaign, kamikaze actions on Okinawa, and typical shipboard routine.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Autobiographical Narrative of Leonard A. Charpentier, June 18, 1999

Autobiographical Narrative of Leonard A. Charpentier, June 18, 1999

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Date: June 18, 1999
Creator: Charpentier, Leonard A.
Description: Narrative of Dr. Leonard A. Charpentier. The narrative includes a monologue of Charpentier's experiences as a P-47 fighter pilot in the European Theater during World War II. Charpentier talks about basic training, flight training, fighter pilot training, his assignment to the 86th Fighter Squadron on Corsica, the P-47 Thunderbolt, various missions, his being shot down on a mission over southern France and being captured, the treatment of his wounds at a German field hospital, and his postwar medical career.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Archie Gantt, August 31, 1999

Oral History Interview with Archie Gantt, August 31, 1999

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Date: August 31, 1999
Creator: Lane, Peter B. & Gantt, Archie
Description: Interview with Army veteran Archie Gantt. The interview includes Gantt's personal experiences about the European Theater during World War II, boyhood in central Texas, basic training, shipping to England, combat on the Siegfried Line, and the Battle of the Bulge. Additionally, Gantt talks about leadership problems, combat living conditions, Officer Candidate School and commissioning, and his postwar war service in Europe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

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Date: October 27, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Flatley, Robert H.
Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran Robert H. Flatley. The interview includes Flatley's personal experiences about being a P-38 pilot in the Pacific Theater during the World War II, basic training, flight training, P-38 training, various assignments and missions, and the destruction of forty-seven locomotives. Flatley also talks about various missions to targets in the Philippines, activities between combat missions, postwar military activities in the Philippines, and postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert J. Wehner, August 22, 1992

Oral History Interview with Robert J. Wehner, August 22, 1992

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Date: August 22, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Wehner, Robert J.
Description: Interview with Robert J. Wehner, an army veteran and nurse from Dayton, Ohio. This interview recounts his experiences as an Army nurse in Vietnam, 1968-70. Topics include: his assignment to 22nd Surgical Medical Battalion, Chu Lai; treatment of battle casualties and illnesses; camp life; treatment of civilian casualties and illnesses; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with John Sherner, August 22, 1992

Oral History Interview with John Sherner, August 22, 1992

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Date: August 22, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Sherner, John
Description: Interview with John Sherner, an army veteran and nurse from Mount Morris, New York. This interview recounts his experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1969-70. Topics include: his assignment to 24th Evacuation Hospital, Long Binh; treatment of endemic diseases; assignment to emergency room; triaging of patients; living conditions; drug addicts; battle casualties; medical treatment of civilians; social life; friendships; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Larry S. Hilliard, April 18, 1992

Oral History Interview with Larry S. Hilliard, April 18, 1992

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Date: April 18, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Hilliard, Larry S.
Description: Interview with Larry S. Hilliard, army veteran and nurse from Kerens, Texas. This interview looks into his experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1970-71. Topics include: assignment to 18th surgical Hospital, Quang Tri; his typical workday; off-duty recreation; treatment of combat casualties; equipment and blood shortages; drug problems; morale; communications with his family; leave policies; work with Vietnamese civilians; treating enemy POWs; “short-time”; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Oscar Houser, Jr., February 23, 1992

Oral History Interview with Oscar Houser, Jr., February 23, 1992

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Date: February 23, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Houser, Oscar, Jr.
Description: Interview with Oscar Houser, Jr., an army veteran from Tennessee. This interview delves into his experiences as an Army nurse and anesthetist in Vietnam, 1972-73. Topics include: his decision to enter nurse training and the military; attending anesthesia school at William Beaumont Medical Center, 1972; his attitudes toward Vietnam War; being assigned to 95th Evacuation Hospital, China Beach, Vietnam; camp living conditions; work at Da Nang and Pleiku; the treatment of battle casualties; work with Montagnards and Vietnamese medical personnel; social life and recreational activities; morale and drug problems; personal relationships among camp personnel; communications with home; decision to stay in the military; and the effect on Vietnam experience on his later life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
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