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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Year: 1999
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Oral History Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, May 18, 1999

Oral History Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, May 18, 1999

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Date: May 28, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumling, Eugene L.
Description: Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, bartender and former professional ballplayer. The interview includes Crumling's personal experiences about being a professional baseball player in the U.S. during World War II. Crumling talks about his semi-pro baseball career in the late 1930s and early 1940s, the origin of his nickname, signing his first professional contract, life in the minor leagues during wartime, his draft classification as 4-F, his employment in defense-related work during the off-seasons, contrasts between life in the minors and life in the majors, individual Cardinals players, his first game and his first, and only, hit in the majors, the remainder of his minor league career, and his personal thoughts about the reserve clause, player strikes, modern-day salaries, and expansion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

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Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bray, Leslie W., Jr.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Leslie W. Bray, Jr. The interview includes Bray's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, youth during the Great Depression, flight training, being designated as the commander of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, stationing at Sylhet, India as part of his assignment to the CBI Theater, supplying the British 14th Army in Burma, flying difficulties due to weather conditions, various transfers, and flying "The Hump." Bray also talks about his early aspirations to become an aviator, initial failures to pass the Air Forces physical examination, his assignment to Troop Carrier Command, flying C-47s with the 1st Troop Carrier Group, his appointment as assistant group operations officer for the 10th Troop Carrier Group, Air Force School of Applied Tactics, the training of replacement units at various Air Force installations, the deactivation of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, and his postwar Air Force career and retirement as a general officer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

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Date: November 18, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ford, Wilbur H.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Wilbur H. Ford. The interview includes Ford's personal experiences about being a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II, training, transferring to the Army Air Force from the Army, flight training, B-17 transition training, and crew training. Ford also talks about his assignment to the 401st Bomb Group, enemy flak, the highlights of his nine missions over Germany, battle damage to his plane, the Dresden raid, returning to the States, and transition training in B-29s for transfer to the Pacific Theater.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with James Driver, March 21, 1999

Oral History Interview with James Driver, March 21, 1999

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Date: March 21, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Driver, James
Description: Interview with Navy veteran James Driver. The interview includes Driver's personal experiences about being a dive-bomber and fighter pilot during the Pacific Theater during World War II, various phases of training, dive-bomber training, having convoy escort duty off New Hebrides, the neutralization of Rabaul, transferring to fighter planes, flying combat air patrol off the carrier USS Hancock, providing cover for the Marine landings on Okinawa, combat against kamikazes, engagements against enemy fighters and kamikazes on the last day of the war, locating and dropping supplies to prisoner-of-war camps in Japan, and returning to the States. The interview includes an appendix with a letter written by Driver.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with William E. Cooper, September 7, 1999

Oral History Interview with William E. Cooper, September 7, 1999

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Date: September 7, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Cooper, William E.
Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran William E. Cooper. The interview includes Cooper's personal experiences about being a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater, pre-flight and flight training, various assignments, and dropping supplies by parachute to prisoners-of-war. Cooper also talks about living on Guam, mechanical weaknesses of the B-29, his descriptions of Nagasaki and Hiroshima from the air after the dropping of the atomic bombs, his disappointment with not being able to fly combat missions, postwar duty as a test pilot on Guam, and his postwar civilian activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

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Date: November 13, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumbling, Warren D.
Description: Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, Army veteran, special agent, and member of the White House Security Detail for President Lyndon B. Johnson. The interview includes Crumbling's personal experiences about education and employment before entering the military, basic training, various assignments, and being appointed to the White House Security Detail at President Lyndon B. Johnson's LBJ Ranch. Additionally, Crumbling talks about relations between the military and civilian law enforcement authorities in San Antonio during World War II, his marriage, his fourth enlistment and assignment to Kobe, Japan, various stateside assignments, his retirement from the Army, President and Mrs. Johnson, and his retirement from the Secret Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Alton O. Crawley, March 9, 1999

Oral History Interview with Alton O. Crawley, March 9, 1999

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Date: March 9, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crawley, Alton O.
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Alton O. Crawley. The interview includes Crawley's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, having pre-war civilian jobs in radio/communications work, training for Office of Strategic Services operations, being assigned to Wudu, China, coast watching activities and radio transmissions, and various miscellaneous accounts of his tour of duty in China. The interview includes an appendix with various letters accompanied by a list detailing them, and an itinerary for per diem claims.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

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Date: August 6, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Garver, Mervin
Description: Interview with Mervin Garver. The interview includes Garver's personal experiences about education and childhood during the Great Depression, being a defense worker at Riverside Foundry, blackouts and air raid wardens, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's visits to Wrightsville by train. Garver also talks about his draft classification as 4-F due to psychoneurosis, his personal feelings about being classified as 4-F, local reactions to his 4-F status, the production of hand grenade and radar cores at Riverside Foundry, the financial and patriotic incentives to increase war production, the purchase of war bonds and stamps, employment of women and wartime shortages, rationing of food and gasoline, the "Victory Bus," effects of WW II on his personal finances and on the postwar lives of Wrightsville's citizens, the transition from wartime to peacetime production at Riverside Foundry, and his memories of post-World War II Memorial Day celebrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, November 16, 1999

Oral History Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, November 16, 1999

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Date: November 16, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Dunn, E. Benjamin
Description: Interview with E. Benjamin Dunn, Army veteran and member of the "Lost Battalion." The interview includes Dunn's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, basic training, the fall of Java and being captured, Changi Prison Camp, building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, Nakhon Pathom, and liberation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

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Date: December 2, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Alexander, Shuford M., Jr.
Description: Interview with engineer and Army Air Forces veteran Shuford M. Alexander, Jr. The interview includes Alexander's personal experiences about being a fighter pilot in Italy during World War II, basic training, flight training, various assignments and transfers, Operation STRANGLE, being shot down by flak over Piacenza, and being rescued by Italian partisans. Additionally, Alexander talks about his link-up with a British A-4 Mission and his attempt to reach Allied lines, his betrayal by a German agent and his subsequent capture, escaping and continuing his search for Allied lines, his observations and opinions about the partisans, a second encounter with a British A-4 Mission, the Martani family in the village of Tosca, his group's trek through mountain snow to reach Allied lines, meeting with British paratroopers and with African-American soldiers from the 92nd Infantry Division, and his reunion with his squadron in Pisa. The interview includes an appendix with a narrative by Alexander.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
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