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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: UNT Oral Histories
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Oral History Interview with Jose Gonzales, July 4, 1997

Oral History Interview with Jose Gonzales, July 4, 1997

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Date: July 4, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Gonzalez, Jose
Description: Interview with Jose Gonzalez, an anesthetist and Army veteran of the Vietnam War. In the interview, Gonzalez describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse in Vietnam. Gonzalez discusses what life was like during his assignment to the 24th Evacuation Hospital, and includes details concerning relationships between doctors and nurses, morale, American relations with Vietnamese civilians, recreational activities, entertainment, and his Bronze Star award. He also recalls the adjustments that both he and many of his comrades dealt with post-Vietnam, and shares his attitudes toward the war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

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Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Larry Canfield, February 22, 1992

Oral History Interview with Larry Canfield, February 22, 1992

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Date: February 22, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Canfield, Larry
Description: Interview with Larry Canfield, a veteran army nurse from Pennsylvania. This interview contains his experiences as an army nurse in Vietnam. It includes his assignment to the 93rd Evacuation Hospital, 935th Medical Detachment, Long Binh. Living conditions, morale problems, recreation, medical treatment of enemy POWs, and racial problems are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Larry S. Hilliard, April 18, 1992

Oral History Interview with Larry S. Hilliard, April 18, 1992

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Date: April 18, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Hilliard, Larry S.
Description: Interview with Larry S. Hilliard, army veteran and nurse from Kerens, Texas. This interview looks into his experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1970-71. Topics include: assignment to 18th surgical Hospital, Quang Tri; his typical workday; off-duty recreation; treatment of combat casualties; equipment and blood shortages; drug problems; morale; communications with his family; leave policies; work with Vietnamese civilians; treating enemy POWs; “short-time”; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

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Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bray, Leslie W., Jr.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Leslie W. Bray, Jr. The interview includes Bray's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, youth during the Great Depression, flight training, being designated as the commander of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, stationing at Sylhet, India as part of his assignment to the CBI Theater, supplying the British 14th Army in Burma, flying difficulties due to weather conditions, various transfers, and flying "The Hump." Bray also talks about his early aspirations to become an aviator, initial failures to pass the Air Forces physical examination, his assignment to Troop Carrier Command, flying C-47s with the 1st Troop Carrier Group, his appointment as assistant group operations officer for the 10th Troop Carrier Group, Air Force School of Applied Tactics, the training of replacement units at various Air Force installations, the deactivation of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, and his postwar Air Force career and retirement as a general officer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998

Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998

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Date: August 18, 1998
Creator: Baird, James & Baird, Melvin R.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Melvin R. "Pancho" Baird. It includes a combination of interviewing and reading from Baird's personal correspondence about his pre-World War II experiences with the U.S. Asiatic Fleet and his later experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Baird talks about his stationing aboard the destroyer USS Alden as a radioman, the grounding of the SS President Hoover off of Hoishito Island, the Sino-Japanese War, liberty ashore various Asian port cities, events on the South China Patrol, civilian activities after his discharge, activities as a radio technician on Blue Beach during the Okinawan Campaign, kamikaze actions on Okinawa, and typical shipboard routine.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

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Date: August 6, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Garver, Mervin
Description: Interview with Mervin Garver. The interview includes Garver's personal experiences about education and childhood during the Great Depression, being a defense worker at Riverside Foundry, blackouts and air raid wardens, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's visits to Wrightsville by train. Garver also talks about his draft classification as 4-F due to psychoneurosis, his personal feelings about being classified as 4-F, local reactions to his 4-F status, the production of hand grenade and radar cores at Riverside Foundry, the financial and patriotic incentives to increase war production, the purchase of war bonds and stamps, employment of women and wartime shortages, rationing of food and gasoline, the "Victory Bus," effects of WW II on his personal finances and on the postwar lives of Wrightsville's citizens, the transition from wartime to peacetime production at Riverside Foundry, and his memories of post-World War II Memorial Day celebrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Miles E. Anderson, November 7, 1996

Oral History Interview with Miles E. Anderson, November 7, 1996

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Date: November 7, 1996
Creator: Ketay, Christine & Anderson, Miles E.
Description: Interview with Miles E. Anderson, former professor and administrator at the North Texas State College in Denton, Texas. In the interview, Anderson describes his experiences concerning the desegregation of the college and race relations in Denton, Texas. He also comments on President J. C. Matthews and chair of the Board of Regents, Ben Wooten.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Mitchell Jackson, July 17, 1993

Oral History Interview with Mitchell Jackson, July 17, 1993

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Date: July 17, 1993
Creator: Glaze, Michele & Jackson, Mitchell
Description: Interview with Mitchell Jackson, a former student at the Frederick Douglass Colored School in Denton, Texas. In the interview, Jackson recollects memories of what his life was like in a segregated school and community. He comments specifically on his family background, teachers, athletics, school curriculum, and the influence of Coach Tennyson Miller.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Noah Brown, March 31, 1994

Oral History Interview with Noah Brown, March 31, 1994

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Date: March 31, 1994
Creator: Brantley, Janet & Brown, Noah
Description: Interview with Noah Brown. The interview includes Brown's personal experiences as an employee of the Red River Arsenal and the Lone Star Ordinance Plant. Brown also talks about union activities, safety procedures, women employees, and work schedules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Oscar Houser, Jr., February 23, 1992

Oral History Interview with Oscar Houser, Jr., February 23, 1992

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Date: February 23, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Houser, Oscar, Jr.
Description: Interview with Oscar Houser, Jr., an army veteran from Tennessee. This interview delves into his experiences as an Army nurse and anesthetist in Vietnam, 1972-73. Topics include: his decision to enter nurse training and the military; attending anesthesia school at William Beaumont Medical Center, 1972; his attitudes toward Vietnam War; being assigned to 95th Evacuation Hospital, China Beach, Vietnam; camp living conditions; work at Da Nang and Pleiku; the treatment of battle casualties; work with Montagnards and Vietnamese medical personnel; social life and recreational activities; morale and drug problems; personal relationships among camp personnel; communications with home; decision to stay in the military; and the effect on Vietnam experience on his later life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Pat N. McLeod, February 25, 1998

Oral History Interview with Pat N. McLeod, February 25, 1998

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Date: February 25, 1998
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & McLeod, Pat N.
Description: Interview with college professor Pat N. McLeod from Denton, Texas. In the interview, McLeod discusses his experiences concerning the desegregation of the North Texas State College in the mid-1950's. He describes what growing up was like in a racist community, and includes stories of his African-American friend, Jesse Fischer. McLeod also comments about the role of the President of North Texas State College, James Carl Matthews.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

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Date: February 22, 1997
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Donley, Richard
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert A. Lawyer, August 31, 1997

Oral History Interview with Robert A. Lawyer, August 31, 1997

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Date: August 31, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Lawyer, Robert A.
Description: Interview with Robert A. Lawyer, an anesthetist and Army veteran of the Vietnam War. In the interview, Lawyer recalls memories from when he served as an Army nurse in Vietnam. He discusses what it was like working in the field, and includes details concerning living accommodations, operating room experiences, battle casualties, American relations with Vietnamese civilians, the treatment of prisoners-of-war, entertainment, and recreational activities. Lawyer also recollects memories of Nurse training at the Bellevue Hospital in New York City, Tet Offensive, and his assignment to the 3rd Field Hospital in Saigon, South Vietnam. He explains what it was like adjusting after the war was over.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert B. Toulouse, October 3, 1995

Oral History Interview with Robert B. Toulouse, October 3, 1995

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Date: October 3, 1995
Creator: Price, Tammi & Toulouse, Robert B.
Description: Interview with college administrator Robert B. Toulouse from Wellsville, Missouri. In the interview, Toulouse discusses his experiences during the desegregation of the North Texas State College and comments on President J. C. Matthews.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

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Date: October 27, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Flatley, Robert H.
Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran Robert H. Flatley. The interview includes Flatley's personal experiences about being a P-38 pilot in the Pacific Theater during the World War II, basic training, flight training, P-38 training, various assignments and missions, and the destruction of forty-seven locomotives. Flatley also talks about various missions to targets in the Philippines, activities between combat missions, postwar military activities in the Philippines, and postwar adjustments to civilian life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Robert J. Wehner, August 22, 1992

Oral History Interview with Robert J. Wehner, August 22, 1992

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Date: August 22, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Wehner, Robert J.
Description: Interview with Robert J. Wehner, an army veteran and nurse from Dayton, Ohio. This interview recounts his experiences as an Army nurse in Vietnam, 1968-70. Topics include: his assignment to 22nd Surgical Medical Battalion, Chu Lai; treatment of battle casualties and illnesses; camp life; treatment of civilian casualties and illnesses; lasting effects of Vietnam experience.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Sam Blomberg, September 1, 1997

Oral History Interview with Sam Blomberg, September 1, 1997

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Date: September 1, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Blomberg, Sam
Description: Interview with Sam Blomberg, an anesthetist and Army veteran from the Vietnam War. In the interview, Blomberg describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse in Vietnam. Blomberg discusses his assignment to the 3rd Field Hospital in Saigon, Vietnam, and includes details concerning the provision of immunization shots to Vietnamese orphans, general living conditions, his social life, and the "Vietnamization" of the war. Blomberg recalls the post-war adjustments that many veterans dealt with, and the effect that the war had on his later life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

Oral History Interview with Shuford M. Alexander, Jr., December 2, 1999

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Date: December 2, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Alexander, Shuford M., Jr.
Description: Interview with engineer and Army Air Forces veteran Shuford M. Alexander, Jr. The interview includes Alexander's personal experiences about being a fighter pilot in Italy during World War II, basic training, flight training, various assignments and transfers, Operation STRANGLE, being shot down by flak over Piacenza, and being rescued by Italian partisans. Additionally, Alexander talks about his link-up with a British A-4 Mission and his attempt to reach Allied lines, his betrayal by a German agent and his subsequent capture, escaping and continuing his search for Allied lines, his observations and opinions about the partisans, a second encounter with a British A-4 Mission, the Martani family in the village of Tosca, his group's trek through mountain snow to reach Allied lines, meeting with British paratroopers and with African-American soldiers from the 92nd Infantry Division, and his reunion with his squadron in Pisa. The interview includes an appendix with a narrative by Alexander.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, May 21, 1999

Oral History Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, May 21, 1999

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Date: May 21, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Chipman, Thomas A.
Description: Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, who is a World War II veteran and restaurant business owner from Hill City, Kansas. In the interview, Chipman discusses his experiences as a medic and driver in the European Theatre during the war. He describes what basic training and his induction into the Army was like, and also talks a little bit about when he was sent to the Pennsylvania Military College to earn a degree in engineering. Chipman recollects when his battalion was transported to England and France in order to fight in several battles that included the Battle of the Bulge. He describes what it was like to stay in Europe, and includes details such as the attitudes toward battlefield carnage, the evacuation and transport of the dead and wounded, the capture of German prisoners-of-war, and civilian refugees. Chipman reminisces of the German surrender and his return to the United States, where he started a restaurant business career.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Thomas E. Parr, January 6, 1993

Oral History Interview with Thomas E. Parr, January 6, 1993

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Date: January 6, 1993
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Parr, Thomas E.
Description: Interview with Thomas E. Parr, an army veteran from Adams, Wisconsin. This interview contains his experiences as an army nurse in Vietnam, 1971. Topics include psychiatric casualties at Long Binh and the heroin detoxification center at Cam Ranh Bay.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Tillman E. Barrington, May 22, 1992

Oral History Interview with Tillman E. Barrington, May 22, 1992

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Date: May 22, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Barrington, Tillman E.
Description: Interview with Tillman E. Barrington, a veteran army nurse from Portales, New Mexico. This interview is about his experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1969-70. Topics regarding his life include: nursing school at Lubbock Methodist Hospital, 1955; enlistment in the Army, 1969, and anesthesia training at Fitzsimons General Hospital, Denver, Colorado; assignment to Vietnam, 1969; 95th Evacuation Hospital, Da Nang; medical cases and responsibilities; functions as special services officer; treating North Vietnamese wounded; after-effects of Vietnam.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

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Date: November 13, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumbling, Warren D.
Description: Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, Army veteran, special agent, and member of the White House Security Detail for President Lyndon B. Johnson. The interview includes Crumbling's personal experiences about education and employment before entering the military, basic training, various assignments, and being appointed to the White House Security Detail at President Lyndon B. Johnson's LBJ Ranch. Additionally, Crumbling talks about relations between the military and civilian law enforcement authorities in San Antonio during World War II, his marriage, his fourth enlistment and assignment to Kobe, Japan, various stateside assignments, his retirement from the Army, President and Mrs. Johnson, and his retirement from the Secret Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

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Date: November 18, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ford, Wilbur H.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Wilbur H. Ford. The interview includes Ford's personal experiences about being a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II, training, transferring to the Army Air Force from the Army, flight training, B-17 transition training, and crew training. Ford also talks about his assignment to the 401st Bomb Group, enemy flak, the highlights of his nine missions over Germany, battle damage to his plane, the Dresden raid, returning to the States, and transition training in B-29s for transfer to the Pacific Theater.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program