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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Country: Japan
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: UNT Oral Histories
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Oral History Interview with William Garbo, Sr., 2003-2004

Oral History Interview with William Garbo, Sr., 2003-2004

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Date: November 24, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Garbo, William, Sr.
Description: Interview with landscape architect and Army veteran William Garbo Sr. The interview includes Garbo's personal experiences about the G Troop, 112th Cavalry, in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World-War II, growing up in an Italian-American family in Mississippi during the Great Depression, volunteering for the draft and processing at Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, basic training at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Virginia, being assigned to the 26th War Dog Platoon and to New Guinea in 1944, the Battle of the Driniumor River and his attachment to elements of the 32nd Infantry Division, jungle patrols on New Guinea with his dog, his transfer to Troop, 112th Cavalry and the invasion of Layte, Philippines, and the living condition in the Philippine jungles. Additionally, Garbo speaks about the fighting prowess of his comrades in the 112th Cavalry, jungle patrols on Leyte and Luzon, the 112th's activities around Marungko and Antipolo, Luzon, descriptions of cannibalism by Japanese soldiers, his wounds from artillery shrapnel and evacuation by helicopter, his return to the 112th Cavalry and preparations for the invasion of Japan, witnessing the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, occupation duty at Tateyama, Honshu, relations between Japanese civilians and American occupation troops, the destruction of Japanese defensive fortifications ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

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Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

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Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with P. K. Carlton, June 30, 2004

Oral History Interview with P. K. Carlton, June 30, 2004

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Date: June 30, 2004
Creator: Hurley, Alfred F. & Carlton, P. K.
Description: Interview with U.S. Army Air Forces and U.S. Air Force veteran P. K. Carlton. Carlton speaks about his association with General Curtis LeMay, bomber operations against Japan and Japanese occupied territory, his assignment with the Strategic Air Command Operations staff under LeMay, and the role of the SAC and the B-52 in relations with the Soviets. Additionally, Carlton speaks about LeMay's role in creating a safety program for the SAC and in building SAC's communications system, in the development of radar formation flying as well as in the development of Arctic bombing routes and in the USAF's acceptance of the B-52, LeMay's relationship with the press, his efforts to establish survival schools, his influence on USAF equipment decisions, operational contributions and emphasis on readiness, and his views on the use of airpower in Vietnam.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Melvin Fenoglio, July 19, 2000

Oral History Interview with Melvin Fenoglio, July 19, 2000

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Date: July 19, 2000
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Fenoglio, Melvin
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Melvin Fenoglio, educator and farmer-rancher. The interview includes Fenoglio's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, and the Iwo Jima and Okinawa Campaigns. Fenoglio also talks about early family history, his pre-war education, his acceptance in the V-7 Program, failing out of the Midshipman School and transferring to the U.S. Naval Training Center, yeoman training, gunnery practice off the Hawaiian Islands, his personal observations of the flag-raisings on Mount Suribachi, the USS Little's assignment to radar picket duty at Station Ten, his ship being hit by four kamikazes and sinking on May 3, 1945, rescue in the water by his shipmates, survival in the water for three hours before being picked up by LCS(L)-25, and the lasting effects of his World War II experiences. The interview also includes an appendix with a map.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Donald Boots, May 17, 2001

Oral History Interview with Donald Boots, May 17, 2001

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Date: May 17, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Boots, Donald
Description: Interview with building contractor and Marine Corps veteran Donald Boots. The interview includes Boots' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, childhood, boot camp, camouflage school, training in beachhead organization with the 4th Pioneer Battalion, mopping-up operations on Kwajalein, rest and retraining on Maui, being assigned as a BAR man, invading Saipan, and assaulting enemy caves on Saipan. Boots also talks about the stress of battle, returning to Maui for rest and retraining, the invasion of Iwo Jima, Japanese resistance on the Iwo Jima beaches, the rescue of his friend, his role in organizing the beach operation at Iwo Jima, establishing beach defenses on Iwo Jima, evacuating and returning to Maui, retraining and refitting for the invasion of the Japanese home islands, and the dropping of the atomic bombs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000

Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000

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Date: August 8, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Cole, Richard E.
Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Richard E. Cole. The interview includes Cole's personal experiences about being Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid on April 8, 1942, pre-war education, flight training, volunteering for a secret mission and meeting Colonel Doolittle, being assigned as Doolittle's co-pilot, mission training, various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, flying supplies over "The Hump." transferring to the states and volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate's Chindits and Merrill's Marauders, and reunions of Doolittle's Raiders the following war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Arthur B. Clark, September 29, 2000

Oral History Interview with Arthur B. Clark, September 29, 2000

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Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Clark, Arthur B.
Description: Interview with Army veteran and member of the "Lost Battalion" Arthur B. Clark. The interview includes Clark's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, the Fall of Java and capture, the Changi Prison Camp, building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, and liberation by the OSS. The interview includes an appendix with a reference page and a written flight log by Col. Tom Sledge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Bennie G. Snider, June 10, 2002

Oral History Interview with Bennie G. Snider, June 10, 2002

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Date: June 10, 2002
Creator: Lane, Peter B. & Snider, Bennie, G.
Description: Interview with banker and Navy veteran Bennie G. Snider. The interview includes Snider's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education in Denton, Texas, joining the Navy, and boot training and electrical engineering school. Snider talks about duties aboard the USS Hancock, his assignment to Task Group 58 and the invasion of the Philippines, as well as the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, kamikaze attacks and the Hancock being hit by a kamikaze, burials at sea, and his postwar duties aboard the Hancock as part of Operation MAGIC CARPET.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: May 13, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Clemens, John J.
Description: Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
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