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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Country: Japan
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Oral History Interview with Aletha Barsanti, January 17, 2003
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Interview with Aletha Barsanti regarding her experiences as the wife of U. S. Army General Olinto Barsanti. They married in 1942. She remembers their courtship in San Antonio; their assignments in Europe, Japan, and Washington, D.C.; raising their children; his activities in the Korean War; his promotion to general; military protocol for the wives of general officers; and his one-year tour in the Vietnam War as the commander of the 101st Airborne Division. He was diagnosed with stomach cancer and died in May 1973. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98983/
Oral History Interview with Arthur B. Clark, September 29, 2000
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Interview with Army veteran and member of the "Lost Battalion" Arthur B. Clark. The interview includes Clark's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, the Fall of Java and capture, the Changi Prison Camp, building the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, and liberation by the OSS. The interview includes an appendix with a reference page and a written flight log by Col. Tom Sledge. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306979/
Oral History Interview with Bennie G. Snider, June 10, 2002
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Interview with banker and Navy veteran Bennie G. Snider. The interview includes Snider's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education in Denton, Texas, joining the Navy, and boot training and electrical engineering school. Snider talks about duties aboard the USS Hancock, his assignment to Task Group 58 and the invasion of the Philippines, as well as the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, kamikaze attacks and the Hancock being hit by a kamikaze, burials at sea, and his postwar duties aboard the Hancock as part of Operation MAGIC CARPET. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306961/
Oral History Interview with Billy Drawe, June 13, 2000
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Interview with dairyman and Marine Corps veteran Billy Drawe. The interview includes Drawe's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, enlistment and boot camp, tank training, invading Guam, coming under Japanese mortar fire on Guam, invading Iwo Jima, hauling supplies ashore to the infantry on Iwo Jima, and returning to the states for training in the V-12 Program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306788/
Oral History Interview with Carl Horton, August 31, 1997
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Interview with Carl Horton, an operating room nurse and Vietnam Army veteran. In the interview, Horton describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse during the Vietnam War. He goes in depth about his assignments, which include Yokohama, Japan and Dong Tam and Can Tho with the 3rd Surgical Hospital. Horton also discusses living accommodations, hospital facilities, American relations with the South Vietnamese military personnel and civilians, "short time" and out-processing, leisure time, and recreational activities. He also discusses the adjustments that he had to make after the war was over and his continuing work with the Veterans Administration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98977/
Oral History Interview with David Braden, February 4, 2005
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Interview with David Braden, architect and Army Air Forces veteran. In the interview, Braden speaks about his impressions of General Curtis LeMay in the Pacific Theater during World War II, his assignment to Saipan, Mariana Islands, for bombing operations against the Japanese homeland, LeMay's arrival in the Marianas and changes in bombing techniques, the thirty-five mission limitation and improvement in aircrew morale, his functions as a B-29 navigator, LeMay's decision to conduct incendiary night rights at 5,000 feet, the strategic importance of Iwo Jima for bomber crews, and his assessment of how LeMay's policies made a decided difference in ending the war. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306702/
Oral History Interview with Dean M. McCall, February 26, 1971
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Interview with Dean M. McCall, Army Air Corps veteran and survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes McCall's personal experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. McCall talks about the Japanese bombing of Nichols Field, the fall of Bataan, the fall of Corregidor and his capture, Bilibid Prison, hell ship to Japan, copper mining at Motiyama, Honshu, American air raids and naval bombardment, and liberation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306715/
Oral History Interview with Donald Boots, May 17, 2001
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Interview with building contractor and Marine Corps veteran Donald Boots. The interview includes Boots' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, childhood, boot camp, camouflage school, training in beachhead organization with the 4th Pioneer Battalion, mopping-up operations on Kwajalein, rest and retraining on Maui, being assigned as a BAR man, invading Saipan, and assaulting enemy caves on Saipan. Boots also talks about the stress of battle, returning to Maui for rest and retraining, the invasion of Iwo Jima, Japanese resistance on the Iwo Jima beaches, the rescue of his friend, his role in organizing the beach operation at Iwo Jima, establishing beach defenses on Iwo Jima, evacuating and returning to Maui, retraining and refitting for the invasion of the Japanese home islands, and the dropping of the atomic bombs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306941/
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002
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Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306899/
Oral History Interview with George Koury, Jr., April 27, 1972
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Interview with George Koury, Jr., Marine Corps veteran and survivor of the Bataan Death March. The interview includes Koury's personal experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Koury talks about the Fall of Bataan and his capture, the Bataan Death March, Camp O'Donnell, Nichols Field, hell ship to Formosa and to Japan, Prison Camp No. 7, and liberation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306815/
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004
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Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306824/
Oral History Interview with J. D. Bradley, June 27, 2003
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Interview with postmaster and Army veteran J.D. Bradley. The interview includes Bradley's personal experiences about being a guard during the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo after World War II, enlisting in the army, basic training, various assignments, guard duty in the court docks during the tribunal, and guarding Hideki Tojo. Bradley talks about rules and regulations for Military Police guards, steps taken to prevent suicides among the prisoners, the physical description of the interior of the courtroom of the War Ministry Building, checks for hidden weapons in the courtroom, courtroom procedures, various security procedures, steps taken to impress the Japanese people, living quarters and conditions at the War Ministry Building, relations with Japanese civilians, black market activities, his relationship with a Japanese correspondent and trading cigarettes for photographs of the proceedings, Sugamo Prison, and his commanding officer, Lt. Col. Aubrey S. Kenworthy. The interview includes an appendix with photographs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306879/
Oral History Interview with Jack Feliz, February 28, 2000
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Interview with Navy veteran and survivor of the sinking of the USS Houston. The interview includes Feliz's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, the sinking of the Houston, imprisonment at Serang, Java, the Changi Prison Camp, hell ship to Japan, prison camp at Ohasi, Honshu, and liberation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306690/
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996
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Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306673/
Oral History Interview with Jess Stanbrough, April 15, 1985
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Interview with Jess Stanbrough, physicist, businessman, Army veteran, and member of the "Lost Battalion." The interview includes Stanbrough's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, the Fall of Java and being captured, and Bicycle Camp. Stanbrough also talks about the construction and operation of secret radio at Bicycle Camp, being an iron smelter at Kamaishi, Honshu, continued operation of clandestine radio, American air and naval bombardment, Kamaishi, and liberation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306831/
Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003
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Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306951/
Oral History Interview with Melvin Fenoglio, July 19, 2000
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Interview with Navy veteran Melvin Fenoglio, educator and farmer-rancher. The interview includes Fenoglio's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, and the Iwo Jima and Okinawa Campaigns. Fenoglio also talks about early family history, his pre-war education, his acceptance in the V-7 Program, failing out of the Midshipman School and transferring to the U.S. Naval Training Center, yeoman training, gunnery practice off the Hawaiian Islands, his personal observations of the flag-raisings on Mount Suribachi, the USS Little's assignment to radar picket duty at Station Ten, his ship being hit by four kamikazes and sinking on May 3, 1945, rescue in the water by his shipmates, survival in the water for three hours before being picked up by LCS(L)-25, and the lasting effects of his World War II experiences. The interview also includes an appendix with a map. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306962/
Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998
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Interview with Navy veteran Melvin R. "Pancho" Baird. It includes a combination of interviewing and reading from Baird's personal correspondence about his pre-World War II experiences with the U.S. Asiatic Fleet and his later experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Baird talks about his stationing aboard the destroyer USS Alden as a radioman, the grounding of the SS President Hoover off of Hoishito Island, the Sino-Japanese War, liberty ashore various Asian port cities, events on the South China Patrol, civilian activities after his discharge, activities as a radio technician on Blue Beach during the Okinawan Campaign, kamikaze actions on Okinawa, and typical shipboard routine. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306958/
Oral History Interview with Michie Stevens, March 21, 2013
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Interview with Michie Stevens, stewardess for Air America, for the Air America Oral History Project. The interview includes Stevens' personal experiences of growing up in World War II China and Japan, having a brother join the Yakuza crime syndicate, getting her first English speaking jobs, hiring and training with Air America, meeting and marrying her husband, working as a stewardess for Air America in Japan, and living in Laos, Thailand, and South Vietnam. The interview includes an appendix with an article about Stevens. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306784/
Oral History Interview with Norman Mailer, August 25, 2004
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Interview with Norman Mailer, novelist and Army veteran. The interview includes Mailer's personal experiences about World War II in the Philippines, Army life, jungle patrols, and the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay. Mailer talks about the role of his wartime experiences in his novel, The Naked and the Dead. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306971/
Oral History Interview with P. K. Carlton, June 30, 2004
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Interview with U.S. Army Air Forces and U.S. Air Force veteran P. K. Carlton. Carlton speaks about his association with General Curtis LeMay, bomber operations against Japan and Japanese occupied territory, his assignment with the Strategic Air Command Operations staff under LeMay, and the role of the SAC and the B-52 in relations with the Soviets. Additionally, Carlton speaks about LeMay's role in creating a safety program for the SAC and in building SAC's communications system, in the development of radar formation flying as well as in the development of Arctic bombing routes and in the USAF's acceptance of the B-52, LeMay's relationship with the press, his efforts to establish survival schools, his influence on USAF equipment decisions, operational contributions and emphasis on readiness, and his views on the use of airpower in Vietnam. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306892/
Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000
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Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Richard E. Cole. The interview includes Cole's personal experiences about being Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid on April 8, 1942, pre-war education, flight training, volunteering for a secret mission and meeting Colonel Doolittle, being assigned as Doolittle's co-pilot, mission training, various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, flying supplies over "The Hump." transferring to the states and volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate's Chindits and Merrill's Marauders, and reunions of Doolittle's Raiders the following war. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306966/
Oral History Interview with Stephen E. Van Nostrand, April 20, 1987
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Interview with Stephen E. Van Nostrand, former executive at Caltex Petroleum Corporation. The interview includes Van Nostrand's personal experiences about service during World War II, employment with Caltex in China, the formation of Ryuku Oil Corporation, and holding various positions within Caltex. Van Nostrand talks about joint ventures with Nippon Oil Company and Koa Oil Company, increasing the refining capacity from 60,000 bbls. to 900,000 bbls. per day, crude oil contracts, the Nippon Petroleum Refining Company, refinery rehabilitation and construction, his role in Caltex operations in Japan, the Nippon Oil Staging Terminal Company, relations between Caltex (Japan) and New York headquarters, OPEC and its effects upon Caltex, character sketches of Neal Lilley, Alec Singleton, and James Voss, and various Japanese oil executives. The interview includes a personal history of S. Nomura. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306889/
Oral History Interview with Steve Stevens, March 21, 2013
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Interview with Air America fixed-wing and rotary-wing pilot Steve Stevens for the Air America Oral History Project. The interview includes Stevens' personal experiences while serving with the Marine Corps in the Korean War, flight training with the Marine Corps, getting hired with Air America, as well as flying the Sikorsky H-34 helicopter in Laos, photo reconnaissance missions throughout Laos including the Ho Chi Minh Trail in the Beechcraft Volpar, flying other helicopters and airplanes in Laos, South Vietnam, and Japan for Air America, and flying work in other parts of the world after Air America. Stevens talks about a Search and Rescue mission in Laos, his early interest in aviation and the military, early connections to Air America via other Marines, and the excellent maintenance at Air America. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306743/
Oral History Interview with William E. Cooper, September 7, 1999
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Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran William E. Cooper. The interview includes Cooper's personal experiences about being a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater, pre-flight and flight training, various assignments, and dropping supplies by parachute to prisoners-of-war. Cooper also talks about living on Guam, mechanical weaknesses of the B-29, his descriptions of Nagasaki and Hiroshima from the air after the dropping of the atomic bombs, his disappointment with not being able to fly combat missions, postwar duty as a test pilot on Guam, and his postwar civilian activities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306827/
Oral History Interview with William Garbo, Sr., 2003-2004
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Interview with landscape architect and Army veteran William Garbo Sr. The interview includes Garbo's personal experiences about the G Troop, 112th Cavalry, in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World-War II, growing up in an Italian-American family in Mississippi during the Great Depression, volunteering for the draft and processing at Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, basic training at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Virginia, being assigned to the 26th War Dog Platoon and to New Guinea in 1944, the Battle of the Driniumor River and his attachment to elements of the 32nd Infantry Division, jungle patrols on New Guinea with his dog, his transfer to Troop, 112th Cavalry and the invasion of Layte, Philippines, and the living condition in the Philippine jungles. Additionally, Garbo speaks about the fighting prowess of his comrades in the 112th Cavalry, jungle patrols on Leyte and Luzon, the 112th's activities around Marungko and Antipolo, Luzon, descriptions of cannibalism by Japanese soldiers, his wounds from artillery shrapnel and evacuation by helicopter, his return to the 112th Cavalry and preparations for the invasion of Japan, witnessing the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, occupation duty at Tateyama, Honshu, relations between Japanese civilians and American occupation troops, the destruction of Japanese defensive fortifications and weapons on Honshu, his return to the States, and mustering out of the service. The interview includes an appendix with photographs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306825/