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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
EPA's Proposed Clean Power Plan: Conversion to Mass-Based Emission Targets

EPA's Proposed Clean Power Plan: Conversion to Mass-Based Emission Targets

Date: March 17, 2015
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's mass-based conversion methodology and the resulting state-specific mass-based targets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 9, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Meltz, Robert; Leggett, Jane A.; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) proposal regarding greenhouse gas regulations. In addition to discussing details of the proposed rule, the report addresses a number of questions regarding the reasons for the proposal; the EPA's authority under Section 111 of the CAA; the EPA's previous experience using that authority; the steps the agency must take to finalize the proposed rule; and various other background questions.
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EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Regulations for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 3, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Meltz, Robert; Leggett, Jane A.; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) proposal regarding greenhouse gas regulations. In addition to discussing details of the proposed rule, the report addresses a number of questions regarding the reasons for the proposal; the EPA's authority under Section 111 of the CAA; the EPA's previous experience using that authority; the steps the agency must take to finalize the proposed rule; and various other background questions.
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EPA’s Proposed Policy on Wastewater Blending: Background and Issues

EPA’s Proposed Policy on Wastewater Blending: Background and Issues

Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: In November 2003 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a policy regarding a type of wastewater treatment practice called blending. Some cities use blending to manage peak flows of water and waste into wastewater treatment plants during and after storms as a way to prevent conditions that otherwise result in raw sewage backups into homes and other buildings or overflows into nearby waters. This report provides background on blending, why and how it is practiced, EPA’s proposed policy, associated issues, and congressional interest in the topic.
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EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report covers two proposed permit drafts by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding Vessel General Permits (VGPs): one for large vessels to replace the 2008 VGP (draft VGP), and one for smaller vessels that currently are covered by a congressionally-enacted temporary moratorium (draft sVGP).
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EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Proposed Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: June 18, 2012
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: In November 2011 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed two Clean Water Act permits to regulate certain types of discharges from vessels into U.S. waters. This report is an overview of the proposed permits and two key issues: inclusion of numeric performance standards to limit ballast water discharges from vessels, and controversies about the role of states in regulating vessel discharges.
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EPA's Upcoming Ozone Standard: How Much Will Compliance Cost?

EPA's Upcoming Ozone Standard: How Much Will Compliance Cost?

Date: October 15, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report briefly discusses upcoming changes in climate policy and cost associated with them. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is under a court order to complete a review of its ambient air quality standard for ozone (the "ozone NAAQS") by October 1, 2015. The agency must propose any change to the standard by December 1 of [2014].
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EPA's Vessel General Permit: Background and Issues

EPA's Vessel General Permit: Background and Issues

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report is an overview of the revised Vessel General Permit (VGP) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and two key issues: inclusion of numeric performance standards to limit ballast water discharges from vessels, and controversies about the role of states in regulating vessel discharges.
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EPA's Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

EPA's Vessel General Permits: Background and Issues

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report covers two proposed permit drafts by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding Vessel General Permits (VGPs): one for large vessels to replace the 2008 VGP (draft VGP), and one for smaller vessels that currently are covered by a congressionally-enacted temporary moratorium (draft sVGP).
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ERISA’s Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

ERISA’s Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

Date: February 21, 2008
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), which provides a comprehensive federal scheme for the regulation of employee pension and welfare benefit plans offered by employers. While ERISA does not require an employer to offer pension and welfare benefits, it does mandate compliance with its provisions if such benefits are offered. Congress enacted ERISA to eliminate the conflicting and inconsistent regulation of pension and employee welfare benefit plans by state laws. The provisions at issue in the preemption debate are sections 502(a) and 514(a) of ERISA.
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Escalating Violence in El Salvador

Escalating Violence in El Salvador

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report briefly discusses gangs and violence in El Salvador, and examines the U.S. policy response.
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ESEA Reauthorization Proposals in the 114th Congress: Selected Key Issues

ESEA Reauthorization Proposals in the 114th Congress: Selected Key Issues

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R. & Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: This report examines major features of H.R. 5 with respect to current law. It begins by discussing the approach that H.R. 5 takes toward reshaping the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in key areas. Next, the report considers the ESEA by title and part to examine how the ESEA would be reconfigured under H.R. 5, followed by an examination of proposed program authorizations included in H.R. 5.
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Essential Air Service (EAS)

Essential Air Service (EAS)

Date: September 3, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses Congress' establishment of the Essential Air Service (EAS), a program to ensure that small communities that were served by certificated air carriers before the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 would continue to receive scheduled passenger service, with subsidies if necessary. Deregulation gave airlines almost total freedom to determine which domestic markets to serve and what airfares to charge, which raised the concern that communities with relatively low passenger levels would lose service as carriers shifted their operations to serve larger and often more profitable markets.
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Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Essential Air Service (EAS) program and discusses the changes introduced by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization bill and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014.
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Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Essential Air Service (EAS): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides an overview of the Essential Air Service (EAS) program and the legislative issues surrounding it.
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Essential Air Service: Frequently Asked Questions

Essential Air Service: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides an overview of the Essential Air Service (EAS) program and the legislative issues surrounding it.
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Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Maguire, Steven
Description: This report discusses how the estate and gift tax works and examines various policy options. The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA, P.L. 107-16) repeals the estate tax after 2009. In the 108th Congress, some policymakers have proposed eliminating the sunset provision in the EGTRRA, thus making repeal of the estate tax permanent.
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Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Date: March 19, 2008
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The unified estate and gift tax is levied on the transfer of assets that occurs when someone dies or gives a gift. Filing an estate tax return can be difficult depending on the value and complexity of the estate. The purpose here is to outline the mechanics of the estate and gift tax. The first section begins with a brief review of the general rules accompanied with a numerical example. There are some minor provisions of the law that are not discussed here, however, such as the phase out of the graduated rates and the credit for taxes on property recently transferred. The second section summarizes the special rules for farms and small businesses. And, the final section briefly describes the generation skipping transfer tax. The appendix of this report provides detailed data from returns filed in 2005, the latest year for which data are available.
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Estate and Gift Taxes for Nonresident Aliens

Estate and Gift Taxes for Nonresident Aliens

Date: June 2, 2014
Creator: Lanza, Emily M.
Description: This report explains the major provisions of the federal estate and gift transfer taxes for transfers by nonresident aliens in 2014. This discussion highlights the different tax rules for estates of nonresident aliens as compared to the estates of U.S. citizens and resident aliens.
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Estate Tax Legislation in the 110th Congress

Estate Tax Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 14, 2008
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Description: This report examines current legislation regarding estate taxes. Under provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA, P.L. 107-16), the estate tax exclusion is scheduled to continue to rise, from $2 million for decedents dying in 2008, to $3.5 million in 2009. The estate tax is repealed for decedents dying in 2010 only.
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Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renee; Gorte, Ross W.; Yacobucci, Brent D. & Schnepf, Randy
Description: The report is organized into three parts. The first provides a brief overview of the role of the agriculture and forestry sectors within the broader climate change debate, describing available estimates of current GHG emissions and carbon sequestration in the farm and forestry sectors. The second describes available data and information on the potential for carbon storage (tonnage) by type of farming and forestry activity, and presents available estimates of the carbon sequestration potential in these sectors. The final part discusses some of the limitations of available estimates of GHG mitigation potential in the agriculture and forestry sectors, focusing on recent policy and market changes and other types of modeling uncertainties that could limit the accuracy of available mitigation projections.
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Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renee; Gorte, Ross W.; Yacobucci, Brent D. & Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report presents a brief overview of the available estimates from U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) carbon mitigation studies, and then discusses some of the limitations of the available data and modeling results. It includes informationa bout estimated current emissions and sequestration, estimated addtional potential sequestration, limitations of mitigation potential estimates, and considerations for Congress.
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Ethanol Imports and the Caribbean Basin Initiative

Ethanol Imports and the Caribbean Basin Initiative

Date: March 18, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the fuel ethanol consumption that has grown significantly in the past several years. The report describes the standard that requires U.S. transportation fuels to contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel, including ethanol.
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Ethanol Imports and the Caribbean Basin Initiative

Ethanol Imports and the Caribbean Basin Initiative

Date: March 10, 2006
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses ethanol consumption which has grown significantly in the past several years with the establishment of a renewable fuels standard in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58). This standard requires U.S. gasoline to contain a minimum amount of renewable fuel, including ethanol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department