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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
Computer Software and Intellectual Property

Computer Software and Intellectual Property

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines existing intellectual-property protection for computer software-copyrights, patents, and trade secrets—and provides an overview of the often conflicting views and concerns of various stakeholders. It was prepared in response to a request from the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice of the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coping With an Oiled Sea

Coping With an Oiled Sea

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: In the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska in March, 1989, a myriad of investigations were initiated to evaluate the causes of that accident and to propose remedies. The Office of Technology Assessment was asked to study the Nation’s oil spill clean-up capabilities and to assess the technologies for responding to such catastrophic spills in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The "Persian Gulf Veterans' Registry")

The Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The "Persian Gulf Veterans' Registry")

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes briefly the work on DoD’s Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment to date, including the results of a pilot study of health risks, and then answers the questions addressed to OTA in PL 102-585.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents the status of national efforts to cleanup dioxin-contaminated sites and the technologies that have been used, proposed, and researched. It covers thermal and nonthermal treatment techniques as well as approaches such as stabilization and storage. It discusses the development of these technologies as well as advantages and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disposal of Chemical Weapons: Alternative Technologies

Disposal of Chemical Weapons: Alternative Technologies

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper briefly describes the Army’s chemical weapons destruction program, discusses the factors that could affect a decision to develop alternatives, discusses the alternatives, and illustrates the difficulty of gaining public acceptance of complex technical systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Distributed Interactive Simulation of Combat

Distributed Interactive Simulation of Combat

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper complements OTA’s background paper, Virtual Reality and Technologies of Combat Simulation, which focuses on the human-computer interface technologies used in simulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Does Health Insurance Make a Difference?

Does Health Insurance Make a Difference?

Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper reviews and evaluates the available literature linking health insurance coverage with the utilization and process of health care services and with individual health outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume presents the results of a model that estimates the cost per year of life gained from osteoporosis screening and hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs

Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume provides the basis for the assumptions about the costs and effects of screening and hormonal replacement therapy used in the cost-effectiveness model.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic delivery of public assistance benefits: technology options and policy issues

Electronic delivery of public assistance benefits: technology options and policy issues

Date: April 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper discusses the technological options available for use in an electronic system to deliver public assistance benefits, the privacy and security implications of such a system, and the programmatic effects of changing to an electronic delivery system. It was requested by the Subcommittee on the Handicapped of the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Surveillance in a Digital Age

Electronic Surveillance in a Digital Age

Date: July 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper reviews the progress of the industry and the law enforcement agencies in implementing the Act since its approval in October 1994.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Use and the U.S. Economy

Energy Use and the U.S. Economy

Date: June 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The background paper extends the analysis of energy use into new areas by explicitly looking at how energy use has changed with the expansion of the service sector, the explosion of international trade, and greater complexity of the U.S. economy as the structure of businesses changed in response to new technologies and competitive challenges. The increasing sophistication of the U.S. economy means that the role of energy is less likely to be directly identified and is instead more likely to be an indirect factor that was added many steps before in the complex network that connects producer to consumer. This report explicitly separates direct from indirect energy use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FBI Fingerprint Identification Automation Program: Issues and Options

The FBI Fingerprint Identification Automation Program: Issues and Options

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on key assumptions that will affect the sizing and procurement of the new FBI system, and on other related steps that appear necessary to ensure complete and up-to-date record systems. These include full implementation of a Federal/State/local partnership for maintaining and exchanging fingerprint and criminal history records; enactment of an interstate compact or Federal legislation setting out uniform rules for the exchange of such records; standards and funding for improving criminal history record completeness and disposition reporting; and privacy and security protections for electronic fingerprint and record information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease

Federal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes the development of alglucerase, illustrates the role that both the Federal Government and private sector can have in making new therapies available for orphan diseases, and lays out some of the tradeoffs that can exist between developing new medical technologies and controlling health care costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report analyzes universities’, companies’, and researchers’ experiences and perspectives since enactment of federal laws to enhance technology transfer—especially as it pertains to research funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy, the agencies funding U.S. efforts in the Human Genome Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Fusion Energy Program: The Role of TPX and Alternate Concepts

The Fusion Energy Program: The Role of TPX and Alternate Concepts

Date: unknown
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on the following two questions for the U.S. fusion energy program. First, what is the role of the Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX), an approximately $700 million fusion reactor currently awaiting a congressional decision to begin construction? Second, what is the role of alternatives to the tokamak concept in a broad-based fusion energy program?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Counseling and Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening: Results of a Survey

Genetic Counseling and Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening: Results of a Survey

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents results from a 1991 OTA survey of 431 genetic counselors and nurse geneticists. It was conducted to better understand the environment in which the average genetic counselor or nurse in genetics works, to describe the infrastructure and tools available to these professionals, to assess the state of practice in the provision of cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier screening, and to evaluate their attitudes regarding CF carrier screening.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes results from a 1991 OTA survey of U.S. health insurers’ attitudes toward genetic tests and genetic information— both how they currently view information from various sources (e.g., genetic tests, other medical tests, or family histories) in underwriting decisions and how they might reimburse consumers for genetic tests. It also reports data on the role health insurers expect genetic tests and genetic information will play in their business practices over the coming decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid

Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the question of how telecommunication related aid policies might be designed to support both United States trade and foreign aid goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: February 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Care Technology and Its Assessment in Eight Countries

Health Care Technology and Its Assessment in Eight Countries

Date: February 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper discusses the experiences of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom—technology assessment with six technologies (or sets of technologies) including evaluation and management efforts and how the technologies diffused— are presented and compared.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Performance Computing and Networking for Science

High Performance Computing and Networking for Science

Date: September 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper explores key issues concerning the Federal role in supporting national high performance computing facilities and in developing a national research and education network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over

Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper is one of four documents resulting from OTA’s study of policy issues in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department