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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Sphere drag tests in the variable density wind tunnel

Sphere drag tests in the variable density wind tunnel

Date: August 1, 1929
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N
Description: The air forces on a twenty-centimeter sphere were measured after it had been rebuilt as an open throat type. The results from tests made at widely different densities and airspeeds and also on a smaller sphere are given.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin and Recovery Characteristics of the Curtiss-Wright XP-87 Airplane

Spin and Recovery Characteristics of the Curtiss-Wright XP-87 Airplane

Date: May 26, 1947
Creator: Berman, Theodore
Description: The spin and recovery characteristics of the Curtiss-Wright XP-87 airplane, as well as the spin-recovery parachute requirements, the control forces that would be encountered in the spin, and the best method for the crew to attempt an emergency escape, are presented in this report. The characteristics were estimated rather than determined by model tests because the XP-87 dimensional and mass characteristics were considered to be noncritical and because data were available from model tests of several similar airplanes. The study indicated that the recovery characteristics of the airplane will be satisfactory for all loadings if the controls are reversed fully and rapidly. The control forces, however, will probably be beyond the capabilities of the pilot unless some additional balance or a booster is used. A 6-foot tail parachute or a 3.5-foot wing-tip parachute with a drag coefficient of 0.7 will be a satisfactory, emergency spin-recovery device for spin demonstrations. If it is necessary for the crew to abandon the spinning airplane, they should leave from the outboard side of the cockpit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin and Recovery Characteristics of the Northrop XF-89 Airplane

Spin and Recovery Characteristics of the Northrop XF-89 Airplane

Date: February 28, 1949
Creator: Berman, Theodore
Description: The spin and recovery characteristics of the Northrop XF-89 airplane, as well as the spin-recovery parachute requirements, the control forces that would be encountered in the spin, and the best method for the crew to attempt an emergency escape are presented in this report. The characteristics were mainly estimated rather than determined by model tests because the XF-89 dimensional and mass characteristics were such as to make this airplane similar to several others, models of which have previously been tested. Brief tests were made on an available model of similar design to augment the estimation. The results indicate that the recovery characteristics will be satisfactory for all airplane loadings if recovery is attempted by use of rudder followed by moving the elevator down. The rudder pedal forces will be within the capabilities of the pilot but the elevator stick forces will be beyond the pilot's capabilities unless a trim tab, or a booster is used. A 9.5-foot-diameter flat-type tail parachute or a 5.0-foot-diameter flat-type wing-tip parachute with a drag coefficient of 0.7 will be a satisfactory emergency spin-recovery device for spin demonstrations and if it is necessary for the crew to abandon the spinning airplane, they should leave from the ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin Investigation of a 1/29-Scale Model of the Republic XF-91 Airplane with a Conventional Tail Installed

Spin Investigation of a 1/29-Scale Model of the Republic XF-91 Airplane with a Conventional Tail Installed

Date: May 5, 1949
Creator: Klinar, Walter J. & Jones, Ira P., Jr.
Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel of a 1/29-scale model of the Republic XF-91 airplane with a.conventional-tail arrangement installed. Previously, tests were made on the model with a vee tail installed. The erect spin and recovery characteristics of the model were determined for the normal loading with the wing installed at various amounts of incidence. The spin investigation also included inverted-spin tests, spin-recovery-parachute tests, tests with the center of gravity moved rearward, and tests with external fuel tanks added to the model. In addition, several tail.modifications were tested,on the model in an attempt, to improve the model's spin-recovery characteristics. The results indicate that any fully developed spin obtained on the airplane with the conventional tail installed will be satisfactorily terminated if rudder reversal is accompanied by moving the ailerons with the spin (stick right in a right spin).Decreasing the wing incidence from 6deg to -2deg should have a beneficial effect on the recovery characteristics of the airplane. Recovery characteristics by normal use of controls (full rudder reversal followed by moving the elevators down) will be satisfactory if the wing incidence,of the airplane is -2deg. Installation of external fuel tanks (with or without fuel) will have ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin Tests of 1/20-Scale Models of the Chance Vought Revised XF6U-1 and F6U-1 Airplanes, TED No. NACA 2390

Spin Tests of 1/20-Scale Models of the Chance Vought Revised XF6U-1 and F6U-1 Airplanes, TED No. NACA 2390

Date: June 28, 1948
Creator: Klinar, Walter J. & Berman, Theodore
Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel on the 1/20-scale model of the Chance Vought XF6U-1 airplane altered to represent the XF6U-1 airplane as it will be spin-tested in flight, and also altered to represent the F6U-1 airplane as it will be produced for service use. Spin tests were made to determine the effects of control settings and movements at the normal loading. The results show that the spins obtained on the revised XF6U-1 airplane will be oscillatory in roll and yaw and that recoveries by rudder reversal will be rapid. Model test results indicate that the F6U-1 airplane will probably not spin. Inasmuch as the results of this investigation show that the new designs are as good as or better than the original XF6U-1 design in regard to spin recovery, it is felt that the conclusions and recommendations reached for the original design can be applied to the new designs for all loading conditions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin tests of a 0.059-scale model of the Curtiss-Wright XP-55 airplane

Spin tests of a 0.059-scale model of the Curtiss-Wright XP-55 airplane

Date: August 1, 1945
Creator: Schneiter, Leslie E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin tests of a low-lying monoplane in flight and in the free-spinning wind tunnel

Spin tests of a low-lying monoplane in flight and in the free-spinning wind tunnel

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Seidman, Oscar & Mcavoy, William H
Description: Comparative full-scale and model spin tests were made with a low-lying monoplane in order to extend the available information as to the utility of the free-spinning wind tunnel as an aid in predicting full-scale spin characteristics. For a given control disposition the model indicated steeper spins than were actually obtained with the airplane, the difference being most pronounced for spins with elevators up. Recovery characteristics for the model, on the whole, agreed with those for the airplane, but a disagreement was noted for the case of recovery with elevators held full up. Free-spinning wind-tunnel tests are a useful aid in estimating spin characteristics of airplanes, but it must be appreciated that model results can give only general indications of full-scale behavior.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin tests of a low-wing monoplane to investigate scale effect in the model test range, May 1941

Spin tests of a low-wing monoplane to investigate scale effect in the model test range, May 1941

Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Donlan, C. J.
Description: Concurrent tests were performed on a 1/16 and a 1/20 scale model (wing spans of 2.64 and 2.11 ft. respectively) of a modern low wing monoplane in the NACA 15 foot free-spinning wind tunnel. Results are presented in the form of charts that afford a direct comparison between the spins of the two models for a number of different conditions. Qualitatively, the same characteristic effects of control disposition, mass distribution, and dimensional modifications were indicated by both models. Quantitatively, the number of turns for recover and the steady spin parameters, with the exception of the inclination of the wing to the horizontal, were usually in good agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin tests of two models of a low-wing monoplane to investigate scale effect in the model test range

Spin tests of two models of a low-wing monoplane to investigate scale effect in the model test range

Date: May 1, 1941
Creator: Donlan, Charles C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin-Tunnel Investigation of a 1/28-Scale Model of a Subsonic Attack Airplane

Spin-Tunnel Investigation of a 1/28-Scale Model of a Subsonic Attack Airplane

Date: July 1, 1964
Creator: Lee, Henry A. & Healy, Frederick M.
Description: An investigation has been made of a 1/28-scale model of the Grumman A-6A airplane in the Langley spin tunnel. The erect spin and recovery characteristics of the model were determined for the flight design gross weight loading and for a loading with full internal fuel and empty external wing fuel tanks. The effects of extending slats and deflecting flaps were investigated. Inverted-spin and recovery characteristics of the model were determined for the flight design gross weight loading. The size of the spin-recovery tail parachute necessary to insure satisfactory spin-recovery was determined, and the effect of firing wing-mounded rockets during spins was investigated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department