You limited your search to:

  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Dagne, Theodore S.
Description: In February 1997, the Clinton Administration submitted the second of five annual reports on the Administration's Comprehensive Trade and Development Policy for Africa as required by section 134 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (House Document 103-3415, Vol. 1.). On April 24, 1997, members of the African Trade and Investment Caucus introduced a bill, H.R. 1432, on U.S.-Africa trade and investment issues. In his State of the Union address in January 1998, President Clinton called on Congress to pass the trade legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
African-American Participation At The United Nations

African-American Participation At The United Nations

Date: October 20, 1995
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

Date: August 5, 1997
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne & Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: The conservation of African elephants has been controversial recently on two fronts: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES, to which the United States is a party), and a Zimbabwean program for sustainable development called CAMPFIRE, which is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Two controversies have sprung up recently about the African elephant. One is the changing status of this species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), of which the United States is a signatory. The other is over a program in Zimbabwe called "CAMPFIRE." The partial funding of this program by the U.S. Agency for International Development has been criticized by animal welfare groups and some conservation groups, though it has been supported by other conservation groups as well as many hunting organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aggressive Driving: Is There a Solution?

Aggressive Driving: Is There a Solution?

Date: January 9, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters

Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters

Date: January 5, 1996
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: Declining fish populations threaten an important food source. Natural catastrophes, pollution, habitat destruction, and overfishing contribute to the depletion of fish stocks. Overexploitation of fishery resources often occurs when management allows expanding and increasingly efficient fishing fleets to continue harvesting dwindling supplies. Although prevalent, overexploitation is not universal and its extent varies among areas, species, and fisheries. This report discusses the issue of overfishing and its possible consequences, as well as domestic and international efforts to combat overfishing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade

Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade

Date: October 21, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: Technical barriers to trade (TBTs) are widely divergent measures that countries use to regulate rnarkets, protect their consumers, and preserve natural resources, but which can also discriminate against imports in favor of domestic products. Most TBTs in agriculture are sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures designed to protect humans, animals, and plants from contaminants, diseases, and pests. In the wake of new trade agreements aimed at reducing tariffs, import quotas, and other trade barriers, TBTs have become more prominent concerns for agricultural exporters and policymakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Marketing and Regulatory Provisions of the 1996 Farm Bill

Agricultural Marketing and Regulatory Provisions of the 1996 Farm Bill

Date: April 30, 1996
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: The Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127), signed into law on April 4, for the first time grants the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) broad-based authority to establish national generic promotion ("check-off") programs for virtually any agricultural commodity. Formerly, individual programs first had to be authorized expressly by Congress. The new law also explicitly authorizes the establishment of new check-off programs for rapeseed and canola, kiwifruit, and popcorn. Other provisions require USDA to establish a new meat and poultry inspection advisory committee; deal with the collection of user fees for the inspection of agricultural imports; and authorize new guidelines to protect horses being transported to slaughter facilities, among other things.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Provisions in the FY1998 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-174)

Agricultural Provisions in the FY1998 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-174)

Date: May 19, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension Issues in the 105th Congress

Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: January 15, 1998
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The public agricultural research, education, and extension system is comprised of a nationwide network of federal and state agricultural research laboratories and departments, land grant Colleges of Agriculture, colleges of forestry and veterinary medicine, and the nationwide Cooperative Extension System. Although the basic authority to conduct agricultural research and extension programs is permanent, Congress since 1977 has provided funding authority and policy guidance for USDA's in-house research programs, and for federal support for cooperative research, higher education, and extension programs in the states, through a title contained in omnibus farm legislation. This report discusses specific pieces of such legislation and details certain agricultural and food-related appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension : Questionnaire Responses from Partners and Stakeholders

Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension : Questionnaire Responses from Partners and Stakeholders

Date: March 6, 1996
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Economics Programs: A Primer

Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Economics Programs: A Primer

Date: March 4, 1997
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The 105th Congress is undertaking a thorough review of federal laws and policies affecting the nationwide system of federal and state agricultural research laboratories and agencies, the land grant Colleges of Agriculture and related schools of forestry and veterinary medicine, and the continuing education programs of the Cooperative Extension System. In preparation for hearings and subsequent debate on these subjects, this report provides an overview of all the components of the system, its major programs, and its funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Wetlands: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals

Agricultural Wetlands: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals

Date: January 4, 1996
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A & Copeland, Claudia
Description: Amending Federal laws to protect wetlands, especially agricultural wetlands, is a contentious issue for the 104th Congress. Critics contend that current programs are excessive in their reach and unfairly restrict private landowners. Supporters counter that these programs are critical if the Nation is to achieve the stated goal of no-net-loss of wetlands. The two major statutes under which agricultural wetlands are protected are swampbuster, enacted in the Agriculture, Food, Trade, and Conservation Act of 1985, and section 404, enacted in the 1972 Clean Water Act. This report describes both programs, emphasizing how they relate to each other. It explains how each program works, especially on agricultural wetlands, and the likely effect of proposed revisions to swampbuster. Also, it briefly considers other legislative proposals that would amend the section 404 program, which, if enacted, would further affect how agricultural wetlands are protected.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report includes a glossary of approximately 1,700 agriculture and related terms (e.g., food programs, conservation, forestry, environmental protection, etc.). Besides defining terms and phrases with specialized meanings for agriculture, the glossary also identifies acronyms, agencies, programs, and laws related to agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and EPA’s New Air Quality Standards for Ozone and Particulates

Agriculture and EPA’s New Air Quality Standards for Ozone and Particulates

Date: March 24, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Senate and House committees in October reported legislation for new fast track authority enabling the Administration to negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries and to submit them to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-dependent enterprises that support new fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track provides them with inadequate opportunities for dealing with their issues, and that it ultimately will lead to new agreements that benefit foreign more than U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors. Neither bill was taken to the floor in 1997 because of insufficient votes for passage in the House. However, the President is expected to seek approval in 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

Date: March 31, 1998
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: This report provides a synopsis of the budget activity related to AIDS from the discovery of the disease in 1981 through FY1999. Funding for AIDS research, prevention and treatment programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) discretionary budget has increased from $200,000 in FY1981 to an estimated $3.85 billion in FY1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

Date: March 31, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Date: September 2, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The extent to which emissions from motor vehicles and the amount of sulfur in commercial gasoline should be regulated has become a controversial issue. The EPA is proposing national limits on gasoline sulfur levels which would become effective in 2004. This report provides background information on the regulation of vehicle emissions in the United States, analyzes key elements of the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Tier 2 proposal, summarizes major views on the proposal that have been expressed by the automobile industry, the oil refining industry, and some environmental organizations, and discusses relevant legislative activity in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and the New Ozone NAAQS: The OTAG Process

Air Quality and the New Ozone NAAQS: The OTAG Process

Date: July 30, 1998
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: The Ozone Transport Assessment Group (OTAG) represented a cooperative effort between states, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and numerous stakeholders to address teh complex issue of ozone transport. However, opponents of the new ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) argue that the OTAG recommendations are far too vague and ambiguous to be cited by EPA as a basis for implementation. This report provides background on the effort, and summarizes OTAG's assessment and recommendations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: Federal funding to assist states in addressing the environmental impacts of surface transportation is a major issue for the second session of the 105th Congress. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991 (P.L. 102-240) authorized a total of $155 billion for transportation projects from FY1992 to FY1997. This report describes how the Congrestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) and enhancement programs function, examines the policy issues surrounding them, and summarizes relevant provisions in major legislation to reauthorize ISTEA in the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department