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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: Report that examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the implementation of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) of 1995.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: August 29, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Summarized

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Summarized

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Bea, Keith
Description: The term "unfunded mandates" generally refers to requirements that a unit of government imposes without providing funds to pay for costs of compliance. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) establishes mechanisms to limit federal imposition of unfunded mandates on other levels of government and on the private sector. This report provides a summary of UMRA and any related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unification of Germany: Background and Analysis of the Two-Plus-Four Talks

The Unification of Germany: Background and Analysis of the Two-Plus-Four Talks

Date: April 16, 1990
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress

The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 7, 2011
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides information on the history, mission, and operational considerations for each of the Unified Command Plan (UCP) and associated Combatant Commands (COCOMs) organizations as well as a brief discussion of current issues associated with the UCP and these commands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress

The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 17, 2012
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides information on the history, mission, and operational considerations for each of the Unified Command Plan (UCP) and associated Combatant Commands (COCOMs) organizations as well as a brief discussion of current issues associated with the UCP and these commands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uniform Standards in Private Securities Litigation: Limitations on Shareholder Lawsuits

Uniform Standards in Private Securities Litigation: Limitations on Shareholder Lawsuits

Date: May 20, 1998
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Background and Issues

Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: Members of the military and U.S. citizens who live abroad are eligible to register and vote absentee in federal elections under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986. The law was enacted to improve absentee registration and voting for this group of voters and to consolidate existing laws. This report summarizes the UOCAVA and details modifications and improvements to the UOCAVA since its inception, as well as related pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department