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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Date: November 15, 2013
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the strategic significance of Guam for defense buildup and the force relocation and deployments from the U.S. mainland. It also discusses the concerns and issues for Congress, such as allies and partner, China, and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: The 18 U.S.C. 924(c) Tack-On in Cases Involving Drugs or Violence

Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: The 18 U.S.C. 924(c) Tack-On in Cases Involving Drugs or Violence

Date: October 21, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the federal mandatory minimum sentencing, that is imposed in addition to the sentence imposed for the underlying crime of violence or drug trafficking, vary depending upon the circumstances:
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

Date: October 23, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses the background of the G-20 (an international forum for discussing and coordinating economic policies) and some of the issues that it has addressed. It includes historic background on the work of the G-20, information about how the group operates, overviews of G-20 summits, major issues that the group is likely to address and the likely effectiveness of the G-20 in the near future. The members of the G-20 include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.
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Video Relay Service: Program Funding and Reform

Video Relay Service: Program Funding and Reform

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report provides an introduction on how video relay service works and the program overview. It discusses the fundamental restructuring of the program to support innovation and competition.
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Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development bill, which includes funding for civil works projects of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), the Department of the Interior's Central Utah Project (CUP) and Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and a number of independent agencies, including the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC).
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Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2013

Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2013

Date: November 8, 2013
Creator: Leland, Anne
Description: This report covers additions and changes to the list of recipients of the medal since the release of the committee print. The Medal of Honor (MOH) is the nation's highest award for military valor. It is presented by the President in the name of Congress and thus is often called the Congressional Medal of Honor.
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Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Committee Responses to Reconciliation Directives

Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Committee Responses to Reconciliation Directives

Date: October 24, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report examines the timing of certain stages of the reconciliation process and the extent to which the submission due date included in a reconciliation instruction is a predictor for the timing of committee response.
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Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Automatic Continuing Resolutions: Background and Overview of Recent Proposals

Date: October 2, 2013
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report begins by providing background on the historic frequency of federal funding gaps. Next, four major features of automatic continuing resolution(ACR) proposals since the 1980s -- time frame, funding level, activities, and duration -- are explained. This is followed by a summary of the major arguments for and against the enactment of an ACR. Finally, the last three sections of the report review congressional action that has taken place on ACR proposals, describe ACR proposals that have been introduced but not enacted during the 112th and 113th Congresses, and provide brief analysis of H.R. 3210.
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U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: September 30, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues in U.S.-Palestinian relations. It also contains an overview of Palestinian society and politics and descriptions of key Palestinian individuals and groups -- chiefly the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian Authority (PA), Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian refugee population.
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The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

Date: October 24, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report discusses the budget reconciliation process, which is an optional procedure under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 that operates as an adjunct to the annual budget resolution process. Reconciliation is a two-stage process in which reconciliation instructions are included in the budget resolution, directing the appropriate committees to develop legislation achieving the desired budgetary outcomes, and the resultant legislation (usually incorporated into an omnibus bill) is considered under expedited procedures in the House and Senate.
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