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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes results from a 1991 OTA survey of U.S. health insurers’ attitudes toward genetic tests and genetic information— both how they currently view information from various sources (e.g., genetic tests, other medical tests, or family histories) in underwriting decisions and how they might reimburse consumers for genetic tests. It also reports data on the role health insurers expect genetic tests and genetic information will play in their business practices over the coming decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace

Genetic Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace

Date: October 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes the issues associated with genetic monitoring and screening in the workplace. It examines the technologies used, analyzes the legal framework for the use of such tests, assesses the ethical issues inherent in the use of these tools in the workplace setting, describes how genetic information is conveyed by a genetic counselor, and, based on an OTA survey of 1,500 U.S. companies and the largest unions, evaluates the current and future use of genetic monitoring and screening in the workplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Witness: Forensic Uses of DNA Tests

Genetic Witness: Forensic Uses of DNA Tests

Date: July 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: OTA prepared this report with the assistance of a panel of advisors and reviewers selected for their expertise and diverse points of view on the issues covered by the assessment. These authorities were drawn from academia, industry, and professional societies, as well as Federal, State, and local agencies. They included members of the scientific, law enforcement, forensic, and legal communities. OTA gratefully acknowledges the contribution of each of these individuals; as with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content is OTA’s alone.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System

Global Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System

Date: November 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes a number of suggestions to improve the value of the USGCRP to both scientists and policymakers. The report observes that the USGCRP is focused narrowly on climate change. As a result, USGCRP may not be able to provide decision makers and natural resource managers with the information they will need to respond to other aspects of global change, The background paper also explicates the continuing debate over whether the sensors and satellites planned by USGCRP: 1) will be able to acquire data in sufficient detail to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for global change; 2) are appropriate for long-term monitoring of key indices of global change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Arms Trade: Commerce in Advanced Military Technology and Weapons

Global Arms Trade: Commerce in Advanced Military Technology and Weapons

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report, the final product of OTA’s assessment on international collaboration in defense technology, explores the form and dynamics of the international defense industry, the intricacies of technology transfer and equipment sales, and the implications for U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Difficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers

Difficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper reviews various possibilities of using non-reusable injection technologies for reducing HIV transmission among injecting drug users in the United States. It does not put forth the redesign of injection equipment as a policy option for congressional consideration; it merely examines some of the implications of a proposal put forth by some health experts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents the status of national efforts to cleanup dioxin-contaminated sites and the technologies that have been used, proposed, and researched. It covers thermal and nonthermal treatment techniques as well as approaches such as stabilization and storage. It discusses the development of these technologies as well as advantages and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Technology for Aviation

Federal Research and Technology for Aviation

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on research and technology policy issues for aviation operations: safety, security, environmental protection, and the air traffic system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report analyzes universities’, companies’, and researchers’ experiences and perspectives since enactment of federal laws to enhance technology transfer—especially as it pertains to research funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy, the agencies funding U.S. efforts in the Human Genome Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Finding the Rx for Managing Medical Wastes

Finding the Rx for Managing Medical Wastes

Date: October 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA report was requested by the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, the House Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials, Committee on Energy and Commerce, and the House Subcommittee on Regulation, Business Opportunities and Energy, Committee on Small Business. The report evaluates medical waste issues in the broader context of a waste management policy for the Nation. Waste reduction and recycling options for medical waste management, as well as incineration and non-incineration treatment alternatives are examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States

Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the assessment of non-indigenous-species (NIS), and has three focal points: the status of harmful NIS in the United States; technological issues regarding decision making and species management; and institutional and policy frameworks. Each chapter elaborates on the findings summarized here and contains additional examples of problem species and their locations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1994

Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1994

Date: March 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report includes statements form OTA Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and Director, as well as TAAC Chairman. The report also discusses industry, commerce, and international security division, as well as health, life sciences and the environment division.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1995

Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1995

Date: March 1996
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report includes statements by the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the board, TAAC Chairman, and the director of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). The report discusses the year in review regarding the work in progress, organization and operations of OTA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future

Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future

Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: There are standards to protect the environment and human health and safety, and to mediate commercial transactions. Other standards ensure that different products are compatible when hooked together. This report is looking across industry sectors; it evaluates the U.S. standards setting process in the light of its changing economic and technological environment, and compares it to processes in other countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Green Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment

Green Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment

Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: In this report, OTA provides a conceptual overview of how designers might integrate environmental concerns with traditional design objectives, and how policymakers can best take advantage of such opportunities. Although the concept of “green” design is gathering momentum, a number of technical, behavioral, economic, and informational barriers need to be addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Funded Research: Decisions for a Decade

Federally Funded Research: Decisions for a Decade

Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report analyzes what OTA identifies as four pressing challenges for the research system i-n the 1990s: setting priorities in tiding, understanding trends in research expenditures, preparing human resources for the future research work force, and supplying appropriate data for ongoing research decision making. Managing the Federal research system requires more than funding; it means devising ways to retain the diversity and creativity that have distinguished U.S. contributions to scientific knowledge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid

Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the question of how telecommunication related aid policies might be designed to support both United States trade and foreign aid goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technical Options for the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor

Technical Options for the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor

Date: May 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper discusses the history and status of the ALMR research program. It presents applications of this technology to the plutonium disposition problem and the possible advantages and disadvantages of its future development and deployment. It also discusses related issues such as waste management and concerns about proliferation of plutonium material.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Teachers and Technology: Making the Connection

Teachers and Technology: Making the Connection

Date: April 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the major issues in the public school system, providing information, and contributing a broad range of perspectives that helped shape the issues regarding education and technology. The report shows that helping schools to make the connection between teachers and technology may be one of the most important steps to making the most of past, present, and future investments in educational technology and in our children’s future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technological Reshaping of Metropolitan America

The Technological Reshaping of Metropolitan America

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines new policy approaches that would focus on development of innovative strategies for economic revitalization of urban core areas (including central cities and inner suburbs); creation of partnerships between urban cores and industry, state governments, and suburban jurisdictions; and movement toward full pricing of development and infrastructure to reduce or eliminate price subsidies now encouraging dispersed development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preparing for an Uncertain Climate—Vol. II

Preparing for an Uncertain Climate—Vol. II

Date: October 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This is the OTAs second report on climate change. OTA examines how the Nation can best prepare for an uncertain future climate. This assessment tackles the difficult tasks of assessing how natural and human systems may be affected by climate change and of evaluating the tools at our disposal to ease adaptation to a warmer climate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preventive Health Services for Medicare Beneficiaries: Policy and Research Issues

Preventive Health Services for Medicare Beneficiaries: Policy and Research Issues

Date: February 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Special Report analyzes policy and research issues raised in considering Medicare coverage of preventive services. OTA examines how decisions are currently made about coverage of specific preventive services under Medicare and lays out options for altering the process and criteria governing those decisions. The Special Report also reviews and critiques ongoing demonstration projects and summarizes the results of OTA studies of the costs and effectiveness of specific preventive services for the elderly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proliferation and the Former Soviet Union

Proliferation and the Former Soviet Union

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report is the fifth publication from OTA’S assessment on the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, examines the whole range of consequences for proliferation of the Soviet Union’s breakup.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department