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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes results from a 1991 OTA survey of U.S. health insurers’ attitudes toward genetic tests and genetic information— both how they currently view information from various sources (e.g., genetic tests, other medical tests, or family histories) in underwriting decisions and how they might reimburse consumers for genetic tests. It also reports data on the role health insurers expect genetic tests and genetic information will play in their business practices over the coming decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace

Genetic Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace

Date: October 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes the issues associated with genetic monitoring and screening in the workplace. It examines the technologies used, analyzes the legal framework for the use of such tests, assesses the ethical issues inherent in the use of these tools in the workplace setting, describes how genetic information is conveyed by a genetic counselor, and, based on an OTA survey of 1,500 U.S. companies and the largest unions, evaluates the current and future use of genetic monitoring and screening in the workplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Witness: Forensic Uses of DNA Tests

Genetic Witness: Forensic Uses of DNA Tests

Date: July 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: OTA prepared this report with the assistance of a panel of advisors and reviewers selected for their expertise and diverse points of view on the issues covered by the assessment. These authorities were drawn from academia, industry, and professional societies, as well as Federal, State, and local agencies. They included members of the scientific, law enforcement, forensic, and legal communities. OTA gratefully acknowledges the contribution of each of these individuals; as with all OTA reports, responsibility for the content is OTA’s alone.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System

Global Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System

Date: November 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes a number of suggestions to improve the value of the USGCRP to both scientists and policymakers. The report observes that the USGCRP is focused narrowly on climate change. As a result, USGCRP may not be able to provide decision makers and natural resource managers with the information they will need to respond to other aspects of global change, The background paper also explicates the continuing debate over whether the sensors and satellites planned by USGCRP: 1) will be able to acquire data in sufficient detail to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for global change; 2) are appropriate for long-term monitoring of key indices of global change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Arms Trade: Commerce in Advanced Military Technology and Weapons

Global Arms Trade: Commerce in Advanced Military Technology and Weapons

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report, the final product of OTA’s assessment on international collaboration in defense technology, explores the form and dynamics of the international defense industry, the intricacies of technology transfer and equipment sales, and the implications for U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Difficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers

Difficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper reviews various possibilities of using non-reusable injection technologies for reducing HIV transmission among injecting drug users in the United States. It does not put forth the redesign of injection equipment as a policy option for congressional consideration; it merely examines some of the implications of a proposal put forth by some health experts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents the status of national efforts to cleanup dioxin-contaminated sites and the technologies that have been used, proposed, and researched. It covers thermal and nonthermal treatment techniques as well as approaches such as stabilization and storage. It discusses the development of these technologies as well as advantages and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Technology for Aviation

Federal Research and Technology for Aviation

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on research and technology policy issues for aviation operations: safety, security, environmental protection, and the air traffic system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report analyzes universities’, companies’, and researchers’ experiences and perspectives since enactment of federal laws to enhance technology transfer—especially as it pertains to research funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy, the agencies funding U.S. efforts in the Human Genome Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department