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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which bans all nuclear explosion and was in 1996 adopted by the U.N. General Assembly but rejected by the U.S. Senate in 1997. This report discusses the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). This report also discusses other nuclear weapons-related issues as well as the long history of nuclear testing.
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Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses internal congressional rules and procedures regarding money and policy decisions. It begins by explaining the contrasting procedural contexts that influence the consideration of limitation provisions in appropriations measures on the House and Senate floor. Next, it defines the two forms of limitations that have been allowed under House and Senate precedents, with examples of previous purposes that have been allowed. This report then proceeds to identify the variety of substantive challenges that exist in structuring a limitation provision so that it does not constitute legislative language and thereby violate House and Senate rules. Finally, this report concludes by discussing the effect of points of order during floor consideration and the burden of proof that exists for proponents of limitation provisions to successfully overcome procedural objections.
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Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER) Act, which authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards.
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United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the United States Fire Administration (USFA), which aims to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
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Dark Pools in Equity Trading: Policy Concerns and Recent Developments

Dark Pools in Equity Trading: Policy Concerns and Recent Developments

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report examines the confluence of factors that led to the rise of dark pools; the potential benefits and costs of such trading; some regulatory and congressional concerns over dark pools; recent regulatory developments by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), which oversees broker-dealers; and some recent lawsuits and enforcement actions garnering significant media attention.
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Hydraulic Fracturing: Selected Legal Issues

Hydraulic Fracturing: Selected Legal Issues

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Vann, Adam; Murrill, Brandon J. & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report focuses on selected legal issues related to the use of hydraulic fracturing. It examines some of the requirements for hydraulic fracturing contained in major federal environmental laws. It also provides an overview of issues involving state preemption of local zoning authority, as well as state tort law.
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India-U.S. Economic Relations: In Brief

India-U.S. Economic Relations: In Brief

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Martin, Michael F.; Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Kronstadt, K. A.; Kumar, Samir & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report examines the economic status of India, and discusses the countries trade and investment ties to the United States. Although merchandise trade between India and the U.S. has grown rapidly over the last five years, each nation contends that some aspects of the other's economic and trade policies hinder greater trade and investment growth.
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Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act

Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. S. & Kinzer, Janet
Description: This report summarizes legislative actions taken to repeal, defund, delay, or otherwise amend the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) since the law's enactment.
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Legislative Support Resources: Offices and Websites for Congressional Staff

Legislative Support Resources: Offices and Websites for Congressional Staff

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Greene, Michael
Description: This report provides a brief list of telephone numbers, room numbers, and Internet addresses of use to new congressional staffers who work with legislative procedures and conduct legislative research. Internet access restrictions are noted. Some of the websites listed are available only to congressional offices; other sites are restricted further and are only available to House or Senate offices.
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Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework

Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Vann, Adam
Description: This report explains the nature of U.S. authority over offshore areas pursuant to international and domestic law. It also describes the laws, at both the state and federal levels, governing the development of offshore oil and gas and the litigation that has flowed from development under these legal regimes. Also included is an outline of recent changes to the authorities regulating offshore development, as well as a discussion of recent executive action and legislative proposals concerning offshore oil and natural gas exploration and production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department