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Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the Supreme Court's 4-4 Split on Immigration

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the Supreme Court's 4-4 Split on Immigration

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report addresses commonly asked questions regarding the Supreme Court's evenly-divided June 23, 2016 decision about immigration. Consistent with recent practice, the decision affirms without any opinion or indication of the Justices' voting alignment an earlier decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit barring the Obama Administration from implementing two initiatives that would potentially have granted relief from removal to millions of aliens who entered or remained in the United States in violation of federal immigration law and lack legal immigration status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Slow Growth in the Current U.S. Economic Expansion

Slow Growth in the Current U.S. Economic Expansion

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.; Labonte, Marc & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report summarizes the U.S. economic growth record and reviews a number of explanations forwarded by economists for why this expansion has featured slow growth. Some explanations focus on short-term factors that would not be expected to persist, while others focus on long-term changes to the economy. The report does not discuss labor market conditions, except in the context of how they contribute to the pace of GDP growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly examines the ramifications of a British exit from the EU (often referred to as "Brexit"). Nearly 52% of British voters in the June 23 referendum on European Union (EU) membership answered that the United Kingdom (UK) should leave the EU.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries in the United States

Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries in the United States

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Comay, Laura B. & Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report discusses policies regarding the display of the Confederate Flag at national cemeteries. If a state observes a Confederate Memorial Day, National Park Service (NPS) cemeteries in the state may permit a sponsoring group to decorate the graves of Confederate veterans with small Confederate flags. Additionally, such flags may also be displayed on the nationally observed Memorial Day, to accompany the U.S. flag on the graves of Confederate veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report discusses the need to evaluate U.S. bilateral assistance (not on the work of multilateral aid entities, such as the World Bank) and methods of evaluation. It provides an overview of the history of evaluation, challenges, and how findings may be applied to policy. Additionally, it discusses current evaluation policies and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the campaign finance landscape and policy issues that may confront Congress. It includes information about the development of campaign finance law with selected litigation as well as potential policy considerations and emerging issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mileage-Based Road User Charges

Mileage-Based Road User Charges

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Levinson, Marc
Description: This report examines mileage-based user charges as an possible source of highway funding. Federal highway and public transportation programs are funded mainly by taxes on motor fuel that flow into the Highway Trust Fund (HTF). The tax rates, set on a per-gallon basis, have not been raised since 1993, and motor fuel tax receipts have been insufficient to support the transportation programs authorized by Congress since FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding Office of Science and Technology Policy's (OSTP) Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Phase 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles

Phase 2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report briefly discusses the second phase of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and fuel efficiency standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles jointly proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) on July 13, 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade-Based Money Laundering: Overview and Policy Issues

Trade-Based Money Laundering: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S.; Rosen, Liana W. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the scope of the trade-based money laundering (TBML) problem and analyzes selected U.S. government policy responses to address TBML. It includes a listing of hearings in the 114th Congress that addressed TBML.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas

U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production in Federal and Nonfederal Areas

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report examines U.S. oil and natural gas production data for federal and non-federal areas with an emphasis on the past five fiscal years of production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief history of the European Union (EU) and the major challenges currently confronting the EU as an institution. It also discusses the potential implications both for the EU itself and for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on actions taken that affect the salaries for members of Congress, broken down by year and starting with the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure (1990). It also provides background on the most recent developments and information on other related floor action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Stafford Act declarations under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of assistance they could authorize in response to terrorist incidents. This report also provides examples of Stafford Act declarations that have been issued for previous terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statements of Administration Policy

Statements of Administration Policy

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Stuessy, Meghan M.
Description: This report discusses Statements of Administration Policy (SAPs) -- i.e., statements that communicate the Administration's position on upcoming legislation -- including structural components, the development of SAPs from the Ronald Reagan Administration to the present, the coordination of executive branch actors involved in issuing SAPs, the receipt of SAPs and their impact on government institutions, and possible reactions to SAPs when they are released publicly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines developments in U.S. policy restricting travel and remittances to Cuba, including significant changes that have occurred, current permissible travel and remittances, enforcement of the travel restrictions, and debate on lifting the travel restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico and Health Care Finance: Frequently Asked Questions

Puerto Rico and Health Care Finance: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about Puerto Rico's health care system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly discusses the British referendum regarding whether or not to remain in the European Union. The outcome of the referendum remains difficult to predict. Polling results have varied from week to week and continue to suggest a close race with a significant number of undecided voters. Some polls in mid-June have shown a late shift in favor of the Leave campaign.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines the political and economic situation in Venezuela and U.S.-Venezuelan relations. It is divided into three main sections -- political background, current political and economic environment, U.S. relations and policy -- and also includes introductory and outlook information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What's RICO?

What's RICO?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly discusses the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization (RICO) portion of Title 18 of the United States Code. In spite of its name and origin, RICO is not limited to "mobsters" or members of "organized crime" as those terms are popularly understood. Rather, it covers those activities which Congress felt characterized the conduct of organized crime, no matter who actually engages in them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Appointment Process for U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: An Overview

The Appointment Process for U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: An Overview

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Rutkus, Denis S.
Description: This report discusses the process of appointment of U.S. circuit and district court judges through presidential nomination and Senate confirmation. In recent decades, the process for appointing judges to the U.S. circuit courts of appeals and the U.S. district courts has been of continuing Senate interest. The responsibility for making these appointments is shared by the President and the Senate. Pursuant to the Constitution's Appointments Clause, the President nominates persons to fill federal judgeships, with the appointment of each nominee also requiring Senate confirmation. Although not mentioned in the Constitution, an important role is also played midway in the appointment process by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on China's naval modernization effort and its implications for U.S. Navy capabilities. The issue for Congress is how the U.S. Navy should respond to China's military modernization effort, particularly its naval modernization effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department