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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 15411 - 15434 of 38,529
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Department of Defense Food Procurement: Background and Status

Department of Defense Food Procurement: Background and Status

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: Military food items, also known as subsistence items, are generally procured under the auspices of the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), an agency of the Department of Defense (DOD) which provides worldwide logistics support for the U.S. military services. Under DLA, the Defense Supply Center (DCSP) is the inventory control point for food, clothing, textiles, medicines, medical equipment, general and industrial supplies and services for the military, their eligible dependents, and other non-DOD customers worldwide. This report will describe the origin, authority, and policy in military food procurement.
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The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues

Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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International Drug Control Policy

International Drug Control Policy

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Chesser, Susan G.
Description: The following casualty data was compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD), as tallied from the agency's press release. Table 1 provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, and is ongoing, as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003. More frequent updates are available at DOD's website at [http://www.defenselink.mil/news/] under "Casualty Update." A detailed casualty summary that includes data on deaths by cause, as well as statistics on soldiers wounded in action, is available at the following DOD website: [http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/CASUALTY/castop.htm].
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Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) is currently being developed by the Army and the Marine Corps as a successor to the 11 different versions of the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) that have been in service since 1985. There are concerns about the affordability of JLTVs and its redundancy with other tactical wheeled vehicles.
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Regulating Ballast Water Discharges: Current Legislative Issues

Regulating Ballast Water Discharges: Current Legislative Issues

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses different views on the measures to control ballast water discharges from vessels which are a major pathway for introduction of invasive species into U.S. waters.
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Use of the Polar Bear Listing to Force Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Legal Arguments

Use of the Polar Bear Listing to Force Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Legal Arguments

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Weak and Failing States: Evolving Security Threats and U.S. Policy

Weak and Failing States: Evolving Security Threats and U.S. Policy

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Sun Wyler, Liana
Description: This report first provides definitions of weak states and describes the links between weak states, U.S. national security, and development challenges. Second, the report surveys recent key U.S. programs and initiatives designed to address threats emanating from weak states. Finally, it highlights relevant issues about U.S. policy toward these states that Congress may consider.
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Arab League Boycott of Israel

Arab League Boycott of Israel

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Arab League's boycott of Israeli companies and Israeli-made goods since Israel's founding in 1948, as well as U.S. efforts to end the boycott and prevent U.S. firms in participating in the boycott.
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Burma: Economic Sanctions

Burma: Economic Sanctions

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Niksch, Larry A. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: On October 19, 2007, President George W. Bush issued Executive Order 13449. This followed a September 25, 2007 statement by President Bush that sanctions against Burma, which have been in place since 1997, would be tightened to specifically target leading Burmese officials and impose additional financial and travel sanctions. This report provides background information on existing economic sanctions against Burma and possible options to expand sanctions.
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Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview

Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: This report explores the issue of data mining in detail and in the context of homeland security, as well as relevant initiatives and pieces of legislation. Often used as a means for detecting fraud, assessing risk, and product retailing, data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover previously unknown, valid patterns and relationships in large data sets. In the context of homeland security, data mining can be a potential means to identify terrorist activities, such as money transfers and communications, and to identify and track individual terrorists themselves, such as through travel and immigration records.
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The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training Program

Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training Program

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses laws related to the protection of marine mammals when using mid-frequency active sonar including the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). The report discusses each of the laws generally, and then reviews the litigation surrounding the Navy's compliance with these laws in the context of using the sonar for training purposes off California's coast.
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Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Federal Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS): Issues for the 110th Congress

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.; Vincent, Carol Hardy; Humphries, Marc & Alexander, Kristina
Description: The report starts out with a brief overview and analysis of Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Other issues discussed briefly include roadless areas in the National Forest System, national forest planning, national forest county payments, BLM land sales, and grazing management.
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Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates

Iraqi Civilian Deaths Estimates

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report presents various governmental and nongovernmental estimates of Iraqi civilian dead and wounded. The Department of Defense (DOD) regularly updates total U.S. military death and wounded statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). However, no Iraqi or U.S. government office regularly releases publicly available statistics on Iraqi civilian deaths or civilians who have been wounded. Statistics on Iraqi civilian dead and wounded are sometimes available through alternative sources, such as nonprofit organizations, or through statements made by officials to the press. Because these estimates are based on varying time periods and have been created using differing methodologies, readers should exercise caution when using these statistics and should look on them as guideposts rather than as statements of fact.
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Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: In the aftermath of the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, D.C., U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America intensified, with an increase in bilateral and regional cooperation. Latin American nations strongly condemned the attacks. This report outlines the U.S.-Latin American relationship in regards to terrorism, including several pieces of international counterterrorism legislation, including the Inter-American Convention Against Terrorism and the Organization of American States.
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Net Operating Losses: Proposed Extension of Carryback Period

Net Operating Losses: Proposed Extension of Carryback Period

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Poverty in the United States: 2007

Poverty in the United States: 2007

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Proposals for Reparations for African Americans: A Brief Overview

Proposals for Reparations for African Americans: A Brief Overview

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: Uzbekistan is a potential Central Asian regional power by virtue of its relatively large population, energy and other resources, and location in the heart of the region. It has failed to make progress in economic and political reforms, and many observers criticize its human rights record. This report discusses U.S. policy and assistance. Basic facts and biographical information are provided.
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Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA's Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA's Air Compliance Agreement

Date: August 26, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses a plan announced by EPA in January 2005, called the Air Compliance Agreement, intended to produce air quality monitoring data on animal agriculture emissions from a small number of farms, while at the same time protecting all participants (including farms where no monitoring takes place) through a "safe harbor" from liability under certain provisions of federal environmental laws.
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The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Date: August 26, 2008
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as potential options for Congress.
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