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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Intelligence Community Programs, Management, and Enduring Issues

Intelligence Community Programs, Management, and Enduring Issues

Date: November 8, 2016
Creator: Daugherty Miles, Anne
Description: This report explains the management structure for the National Intelligence Program (NIP), and Military Intelligence Program (MIP), to include their two separate budget processes and the roles of the Director of National Intelligence and the Under Secretary of Defense (Intelligence). The concluding section of this report considers the ability of the U.S. government to make the best use of its intelligence-related resources when: (1) total intelligence spending is impossible to calculate; (2) its management and oversight is completely decentralized; and (3) IC funding alone is largely divided into two categories (NIP and MIP)-- managed within the executive branch separately, justified to Congress separately, and overseen by separate congressional committees.
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Intelligence Community Spending: Trends and Issues

Intelligence Community Spending: Trends and Issues

Date: November 8, 2016
Creator: Daugherty Miles, Anne
Description: This report examines Intelligence Community (IC) funding over the past several decades, with an emphasis on the period from 2007-2017--the period in which total national and military intelligence program (NIP and MIP) spending dollars have been publicly disclosed on an annual basis. Intelligence-related spending (such as the Homeland Security Intelligence Program) that does not fall within the NIP and MIP is outside the scope of this report.
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FY2017 Defense Spending Under an Interim Continuing Resolution (CR): In Brief

FY2017 Defense Spending Under an Interim Continuing Resolution (CR): In Brief

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Wees, Darren P.
Description: This report provides a basic discussion of interim "continuing resolutions" (CRs) and highlights some specific issues for the Department of Defense (DOD) under a CR. It also provides a brief look at selected FY2017 defense programs that could be affected by a CR.
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The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Elias, Bart & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report briefly discusses how the U.S. government fashions and uses the Terrorist Screening Database (TSDB). It also discusses how the federal government engages in two travel-related screening processes--visa screening and air passenger screening. Both processes involve subsets of the Terrorist Screening Database.
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Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information for the 313 women who have been elected or appointed to Congress including names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts.
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U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: November 4, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
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Contingent Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Perspectives and Contemporary Analysis

Contingent Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Perspectives and Contemporary Analysis

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides an examination of constitutional requirements and historical precedents associated with contingent elections. It also identifies and evaluates contemporary issues that might emerge in the modern context.
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The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report focuses on the floor activities of the House of Representatives during its first formal session in a new Congress, and serves as a guide for those participating in or watching these proceedings.
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Pipeline Security: Domestic Threats

Pipeline Security: Domestic Threats

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report discusses recent acts of sabotage against U.S. oil pipelines by environmental activists have raised concern about the security of the nation's energy pipelines and the federal program to protect them.
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Treasury's Recent Report on Foreign Exchange Rate Policies

Treasury's Recent Report on Foreign Exchange Rate Policies

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report responds to the new reporting requirements on exchange rates mandated in the Trade Facilitation and Enforcement Act of 2015 (P.L. 114-125), passed by Congress and signed by the President in February 2016.
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Congress's Early Organization Meetings

Congress's Early Organization Meetings

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses Congress's early organization meetings. The purposes of these meetings are both educational and organizational. Educational sessions range from legislative procedures and staff hiring to current issues.
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Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report is a descriptive profile of recent U.S. foreign aid education sector activities; it outlines actors, policy, funding levels, and programs.
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Recent State Election Law Challenges: In Brief

Recent State Election Law Challenges: In Brief

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Whitaker, L. P.
Description: This report begins by setting forth key constitutional provisions relevant to recent state election law challenges. Next, it discusses federal statutory provisions contained in the Voting Rights Act and the National Voter Registration Act and briefly examines pertinent Supreme Court precedent. Then, based on that legal framework, it provides an overview of several recent challenges to state election laws in Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas that resulted in major decisions by the various federal courts of appeals as illustrative examples of the types of challenges that have been playing out in the courts. Finally, the report discusses some potential implications of these challenges.
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Funding and Financing Highways and Public Transportation

Funding and Financing Highways and Public Transportation

Date: November 1, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the problems associated with the trust fund financing system (which supports both federal highway and public transportation programs) and then explores possible options for financing surface transportation infrastructure.
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Regulation of Debit Interchange Fees

Regulation of Debit Interchange Fees

Date: November 1, 2016
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report provides a description of the debit payments process and network pricing, as well as an overview of the effects of the Durbin Amendement implemented by the Federal Reserve which includes a cap on the interchange fee for large issuers. In particular, the Durbin Amendment is discussed in light of comments by Federal Reserve Board Chairman Ben Bernanke.
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Security Cooperation: Comparison of Proposed Provisions for the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA)

Security Cooperation: Comparison of Proposed Provisions for the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA)

Date: November 1, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.; McInnis, Kathleen J.; Skorupski, Bolko J. & Blanchard, Lauren P.
Description: This report discusses the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) that could significantly alter the way in which the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) engages and partners with foreign security forces.
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Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: October 31, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the application of American criminal law outside the United States.
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Department of Homeland Security Preparedness Grants: A Summary and Issues

Department of Homeland Security Preparedness Grants: A Summary and Issues

Date: October 28, 2016
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report a brief summary of the development of the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) role in providing homeland security assistance, a summary of the current homeland security programs managed by DHS, and a discussion of the following policy questions: (1) the purpose and number of programs; (2) the use of homeland security assistance program funding; and (3) the funding amounts for the programs.
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The Social Security Retirement Age

The Social Security Retirement Age

Date: October 28, 2016
Creator: Liou, Wayne
Description: This report discusses the two important ages that may affect a worker's plans to claim Social Security retired-worker benefits. Workers may claim full Social Security benefits at the full retirement age (FRA), which is rising gradually to age 67 for workers who were born in 1960 or later. Retired workers may claim benefits as early as age 62, which is known as the early eligibility age (EEA). Social Security benefits are reduced, however, for every month that retired worker benefits are claimed before the FRA.
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DHS Appropriations FY2017: Security, Enforcement, and Investigations

DHS Appropriations FY2017: Security, Enforcement, and Investigations

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Argueta, Carla N.; Elias, Bart; Frittelli, John & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2017. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the second title of the homeland security appropriations bill-- Customs and Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Transportation Security Administration, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Secret Service. Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in recent years as "Security, Enforcement, and Investigations.
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Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Burga, Casey
Description: This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees' operations and costs.
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Social Security: Calculation and History of Taxing Benefits

Social Security: Calculation and History of Taxing Benefits

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Liou, Wayne & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report discusses the calculations that go into taxing Social Security benefits, which prior to 1984 were exempt from taxation but have since been taxed at gradually increasing levels.
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Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Liou, Wayne
Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding Social Security recipients that usually receive an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).
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Treatment of Noncitizens Under the Affordable Care Act

Treatment of Noncitizens Under the Affordable Care Act

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report provides information regarding the treatment of noncitizens under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) including definitions of "lawfully present," the health insurance mandate, exchanges, and ACA changes to Medicaid. It also discusses the verification of alien status under the ACA and related legislation in the 113th Congress.
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