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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1970-1979
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls

The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls

Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Munk, M. M.
Description: The new method for making computations in connection with the study of rigid airships, which was used in the investigation of Navy's ZR-1 by the special subcommittee of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics appointed for this purpose is presented. The general theory of the air forces on airship hulls of the type mentioned is described and an attempt was made to develop the results from the very fundamentals of mechanics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Applications of Modern Hydrodynamics to Aeronautics. Part 1: Fundamental Concepts and the Most Important Theorems. Part 2: Applications

Applications of Modern Hydrodynamics to Aeronautics. Part 1: Fundamental Concepts and the Most Important Theorems. Part 2: Applications

Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Description: A discussion of the principles of hydrodynamics of nonviscous fluids in the case of motion of solid bodies in a fluid is presented. Formulae are derived to demonstrate the transition from the fluid surface to a corresponding 'control surface'. The external forces are compounded of the fluid pressures on the control surface and the forces which are exercised on the fluid by any solid bodies which may be inside of the control surfaces. Illustrations of these formulae as applied to the acquisition of transformations from a known simple flow to new types of flow for other boundaries are given. Theoretical and experimental investigations of models of airship bodies are presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Survey on Electrode Aging in Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Critical Survey on Electrode Aging in Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Date: December 1979
Creator: Kinoshita, K.
Description: To evaluate potential electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cells, we reviewed the literature pertaining to these cells and interviewed investigators working in fuel cell technology. In this critical survey, the effect of three electrode aging processes - corrosion or oxidation, sintering, and poisoning - on these potential fuel-cell electrodes is presented. It is concluded that anodes of stabilized nickel and cathodes of lithium-doped NiO are the most promising electrode materials for molten carbonate fuel cells, but that further research and development of these electrodes are needed. In particular, the effect of contaminants such as H2S and HCl on the nickel anode must be investigated, and methods to improve the physical strength and to increase the conductivity of NiO cathodes must be explored. Recommendations are given on areas of applied electrode research that should accelerate the commercialization of the molten carbonate fuel cell.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Environment on the Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Type 304 Stainless Steel

Effects of Environment on the Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Type 304 Stainless Steel

Date: December 1979
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Materials Science Division.
Description: The low-cycle fatigue behavior of Type 304 stainless steel has been investigated at 593 degrees C in a dynamic vacuum of better than 1.3 x 10⁻⁶ Pa (10⁻⁸ torr). The results concerning the effects of strain range, strain rate and tensile hold time on fatigue life are presented and compared with results of similar tests performed in air and sodium environments. Under continuous symmetrical cycling, fatigue life is significantly longer in vacuum than in air; in the low strain range regime, the effect of sodium on fatigue life appears to be similar to that of vacuum. Strain rate (or frequency) strongly influences fatigue life in both air and vacuum. In compressive hold-time tests, the effect of environment on life is similar to that in a continuous-cycling test. However, tensile hold times are nearly as damaging in vacuum as in air. Thus, at least for austenitic stainless steels, the influence of the environment of fatigue life appears to depend on the loading waveshape.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theory

Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theory

Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Munk, Max M.
Description: Results are presented of the theory of wings and of wing sections which are of immediate practical value. They are proven and demonstrated by the use of the simple conceptions of kinetic energy and momentum only.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Finite-Element Method for Above-Core Structures

Finite-Element Method for Above-Core Structures

Date: December 1979
Creator: Kennedy, J. M. & Belytschko, Ted B.
Description: Three-dimensional finite-element models for the treatment of the nonlinear, transient response of a fast breeder reactor's above-core structures are described. For purposes of treating arbitrarily large rotations, node orientations are described by unit vectors and the deformable elements are treated by a corotational formulation in which the coordinate system is embedded in the elements. Deformable elements may be connected either to nodes directly or through rigid bodies. The time integration is carried out by the Newmark beta method. These features have been incorporated to form the finite-element program SAFE/RAS (Safety Analysis by Finite Elements/Reactor Analysis and Safety Division). Computations are presented for semianalytical comparisons, simple scoping studies, and Stanford Research Institute (SRI) test comparisons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flow and Drag Formulas for Simple Quadrics

Flow and Drag Formulas for Simple Quadrics

Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Zahm, A. F.
Description: The pressure distribution and resistance found by theory and experiment for simple quadrics fixed in an infinite uniform stream of practically incompressible fluid are calculated. The experimental values pertain to air and some liquids, especially water; the theoretical refer sometimes to perfect, again to viscid fluids. Formulas for the velocity at all points of the flow field are given. Pressure and pressure drag are discussed for a sphere, a round cylinder, the elliptic cylinder, the prolate and oblate spheroid, and the circular disk. The velocity and pressure in an oblique flow are examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flow and Force Equations for a Body Revolving in a Fluid

Flow and Force Equations for a Body Revolving in a Fluid

Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Zahm, A. F.
Description: A general method for finding the steady flow velocity relative to a body in plane curvilinear motion, whence the pressure is found by Bernoulli's energy principle is described. Integration of the pressure supplies basic formulas for the zonal forces and moments on the revolving body. The application of the steady flow method for calculating the velocity and pressure at all points of the flow inside and outside an ellipsoid and some of its limiting forms is presented and graphs those quantities for the latter forms. In some useful cases experimental pressures are plotted for comparison with theoretical. The pressure, and thence the zonal force and moment, on hulls in plane curvilinear flight are calculated. General equations for the resultant fluid forces and moments on trisymmetrical bodies moving through a perfect fluid are derived. Formulas for potential coefficients and inertia coefficients for an ellipsoid and its limiting forms are presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fuel Cycle Programs, Quarterly Progress Report: April-June 1978

Fuel Cycle Programs, Quarterly Progress Report: April-June 1978

Date: December 1979
Creator: Steindler, M. J.; Ader, M.; Bernstein, G.; Flynn, K.; Gerding, T.; Jardine, L. J. et al.
Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division regarding activities related to properties and handling of radioactive materials, operation of nuclear reactors, and other relevant research. This report includes studies on advanced solvent extraction techniques focused on the development of centrifugal contactors for use in Purex processes, extraction kinetics of ruthenium and zirconium in the presence of uranium, and dispersion of uranium and plutonium by fires.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Potential Theory of Arbitrary Wing Sections

General Potential Theory of Arbitrary Wing Sections

Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Theodorsen, T. & Garrick, I. E.
Description: The problem of determining the two dimensional potential flow around wing sections of any shape is examined. The problem is condensed into the compact form of an integral equation capable of yielding numerical solutions by a direct process. An attempt is made to analyze and coordinate the results of earlier studies relating to properties of wing sections. The existing approximate theory of thin wing sections and the Joukowski theory with its numerous generalizations are reduced to special cases of the general theory of arbitrary sections, permitting a clearer perspective of the entire field. The method which permits the determination of the velocity at any point of an arbitrary section and the associated lift and moments is described. The method is also discussed in terms for developing new shapes of preassigned aerodynamical properties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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