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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2009
 Month: January
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The African Development Bank Group

The African Development Bank Group

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group, which is a regional development bank (RDB) "dedicated to combating poverty and improving the lives of people of the continent." It comprises three lending facilities: the market rate facility, the AfDB; a concessional lending facility, the African Development Fund; and a trust fund established by Nigeria to lend to low-income African countries. The Bank has 53 African members, as well as 24 non-regional members, including the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and U.S. Policy on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees: Recent Legislation and Implementation

Congress and U.S. Policy on North Korean Human Rights and Refugees: Recent Legislation and Implementation

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report discusses U.S. policy and legislation in response to Pyongyang's human rights record. North Korea's systematic violation of its citizens' human rights and the plight of North Koreans trying to escape their country have been well documented in multiple reports issued by governments and other international bodies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Federal Disaster Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Torsell, Carolyn V.
Description: This report identifies programs administered by federal agencies to provide a range of assistance to individual victims; state, territorial, and local governments; and non-governmental entities after major disasters, including certain terrorist attacks. It provides brief descriptive information to help congressional offices determine which programs bear further consideration in the planning, organization, or implementation of recovery operations.
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Federal Statutes: What They Are and Where to Find Them

Federal Statutes: What They Are and Where to Find Them

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Foley, Cassandra L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of federal statutes and where to find them, both in print and on the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding for Education in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L. 111-5)

Funding for Education in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L. 111-5)

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R.; Smole, David P.; Lordeman, Ann & Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the key provisions related to education programs that are or will be administered by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) that were included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) under Division A, Title VIII, Department of Education, and under Title XIV, State Fiscal Stabilization Fund. It also includes a discussion of relevant provisions that were included in the House and Senate bills.
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India-U.S. Relations

India-U.S. Relations

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Kronstadt, K. A.
Description: This report focuses on relations between the United States and India. India is South Asia's dominant actor with more than one billion citizens, one that many analysts view as a potential counterweight to China's growing clout.
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Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2008

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2008

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report reviews hundreds of instances in which the United States has utilized military forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict to protect U.S. citizens or promote U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework

Offshore Oil and Gas Development: Legal Framework

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Vann, Adam
Description: This report explains the nature of U.S. authority over offshore areas pursuant to international and domestic law, and describes the laws -- at both the state and federal levels -- governing the development of offshore oil and gas and related litigation. Additionally, it provides an outline of the changes to the regulating authorities by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, subsequent legislation and executive action, and a discussion of recent executive action and legislative proposals that would allow for further offshore exploration and production.
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The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides a background on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries discuss, develop and analyze economic and social policy and shares expertise and exchanges with more than 70 developing and emerging economies.
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Retirement Plan Participation and Contributions: Trends from 1998 to 2006

Retirement Plan Participation and Contributions: Trends from 1998 to 2006

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses worker participation in employer-sponsored retirement plans. The analysis CRS conducted for this report focused on workers aged 21 and older with a paid job in the private sector.
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Sugar Policy and the 2008 Farm Bill

Sugar Policy and the 2008 Farm Bill

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Transition to Digital Television: Is America Ready?

The Transition to Digital Television: Is America Ready?

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses the background and potential effects of the DTV Delay Act, which directs that all over-the-air full-power television broadcasts will become digital only.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report describes provisions of the LOS Convention relating to living marine resources and discusses how these provisions comport with current U.S. marine policy.
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U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Cooney, Stephen; Bickley, James M.; Chaikind, Hinda; Pettit, Carol A.; Purcell, Patrick; Rapaport, Carol et al.
Description: This report looks at TARP and federal government assistance to General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford Motors. In particular, the history of these transactions and how they were affecte by Congress, Senate, President Bush, and President Obama.
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Visa Waiver Program

Visa Waiver Program

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses the visa waiver program (VWP), which allows for a bypass of the first step by which foreign visitors are screened for admissibility to enter the United States. Some policymakers are concerned that this waiver allows terrorists to more easily enter the country. The report provides waiver-related statistics and related legislation.
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Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses selected campaign finance policy issues that may receive attention during the 111th Congress such as the electronic filing of senate campaign finance reports, bundling, hybrid advertising, joint fundraising committees, 527 Organizations and more.
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Causes of the Financial Crisis

Causes of the Financial Crisis

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report sets out in tabular form a number of the factors that have been identified as causes of the financial crisis that began in 2007. The left column of Table 1 summarizes the causal role of each such factor. The next column presents a brief rejoinder to that argument. The right-hand column contains a reference for further reading. Where text is given in quotation marks, the reference in the right column is the source, unless otherwise specified.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report summarizes the main findings in CRS Report RL32165, China's Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy. Although China made modest reforms to its currency policy in 2005, resulting in a modest appreciation of its currency, many Members of Congress contend the reforms have not gone far enough and have warned of potential legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enemy Combatant Detainees: Habeas Corpus Challenges in Federal Court

Enemy Combatant Detainees: Habeas Corpus Challenges in Federal Court

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.; Garcia, Michael J. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRTs) procedures. It summarizes relevant court cases and the effect of the Detainee Treatment Act, as well as pending legislation. The report also provides an analysis of relevant constitutional issues that may have some bearing on Congress's options with respect to detainees held at Guantanamo and elsewhere.
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Federal Information Security and Data Breach Notification Laws

Federal Information Security and Data Breach Notification Laws

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Stevens, Gina
Description: This report provides an overview of federal information security and data breach notification laws that are applicable to certain entities that collect, maintain, own, possess, or license sensitive personal information.
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Financial Market Intervention

Financial Market Intervention

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Murphy, Edward V. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning ongoing financial disruptions and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). It also summarizes legislation in the 111th Congress such as H.R. 384, the TARP Reform and Accountability Act of 2009 and H.R. 703, "Promoting Bank Liquidity and Lending Through Deposit Insurance, Hope for Homeowners, and other Enhancements."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection

Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report provides historical background on wildfires, and describes concerns about the wildland-urban interface and about forest and rangeland health. The report discusses fuel management, fire control, and fire effects. The report then examines federal, state, and landowner roles and responsibilities in protecting lands and resources from wildfires, and concludes by discussing current issues for federal wildfire management.
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Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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