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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 15411 - 15420 of 17,216
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Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the part of multinational corporations in the globalized economy. The report discusses the U.S. government's role through regulation, as well as industry-specific codes of conduct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ensuring That Traffic Signs Are Visible at Night: Federal Regulations

Ensuring That Traffic Signs Are Visible at Night: Federal Regulations

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Peterman, David R.
Description: This report provides background for the nighttime visibility maintenance standard and addresses some of the issues that have been raised about this standard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Gang of Four" Congressional Intelligence Notifications

"Gang of Four" Congressional Intelligence Notifications

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Erwin, Marshall Curtis
Description: This report reviews the history of the Gang of Four notification process and compares this procedure with that of the "Gang of Eight" notification procedure. The "Gang of Eight" procedure is statutorily based and provides that the chairmen and ranking Members of the intelligence committee, along with the Speaker and minority leader of the House, and Senate majority and minority leaders--rather than the full membership of the intelligence committees-- are to receive prior notice of particularly sensitive covert action programs, if the President determines that limited access to such programs is essential to meet extraordinary circumstances affecting vital U.S. interests.
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Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Acquisition: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Acquisition: Issues for Congress

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Erwin, Marshall Curtis
Description: This report discusses Congressional issues regarding Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems, which are integral components of both national policymaking and military operations, including counterterrorism operations. ISR systems are costly and complicated, and the relationships among organizations responsible for designing and operating these systems are equally complicated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Climate Change Financing:  The Green Climate Fund (GCF)

International Climate Change Financing: The Green Climate Fund (GCF)

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the Green Climate Fund (GCF), which aims to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change through the provision of grants and other concessional financing for mitigation and adaptation projects, programs, policies, and activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate

An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report reviews the current debate and controversy surrounding "patent assertion entities" (PAEs) and their effect on innovation, examines the reasons for the rise in PAE litigation, and explores the legislative options available to Congress if it decides that these are issues that should be addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy

Public Mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Bagalman, Erin; Caldwell, Sarah W.; Finklea, Kristin M. & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report focuses on mass shootings and selected implications they have for federal policy in the areas of public health and safety. While such crimes most directly impact particular citizens in very specific communities, addressing these violent episodes involves officials at all levels of government and professionals from numerous disciplines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Bank Group Energy Sector Strategy

The World Bank Group Energy Sector Strategy

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report summarizes the provisions of the proposed Energy Sector Strategy of the World Bank Group (WBG). It situates the strategy within current WBG lending practices and in response to various stakeholder critiques. A final section outlines issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department