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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives

Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines several proposals for reducing the costs of spacecraft and other payloads and describes launch systems for implementing them. It is one of a series of products of a broad assessment of space transportation technologies undertaken by OTA at the request of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alaskan Water for California?: The Subsea Pipeline Option

Alaskan Water for California?: The Subsea Pipeline Option

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper focuses on one technological option for increasing the supply of fresh water to the Southwest-that of building a freshwater subsea pipeline to transport water from Alaska to California. Originally a suggestion by Governor Walter Hickel of Alaska, the proposal has recently attracted attention in southern California.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Holding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base—Vol. II, Appendices

Holding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base—Vol. II, Appendices

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report notes that America’s defense technology base has weathered significantly, with challenges to U.S. high-Technology firms from abroad, increasing dependence on foreign and civilian sources of technology for use in military systems, and growing technological sophistication of our adversaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indian Adolescent Mental Health

Indian Adolescent Mental Health

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report reviews the mental health needs of Indian adolescents (those of American Indian and Alaska Native descent) and the services available to them. It summarizes the findings of the review, suggests options that Congress might consider, and provides an overview of other special health needs of adolescents (ages 10 to 18).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, April 1 - June 30, 1990

Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, April 1 - June 30, 1990

Date: 1990
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Description: This is a quarterly report detailing the budget and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, April 1 - June 30, 1990

Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, April 1 - June 30, 1990

Date: 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This quarterly report includes formal assessments, technical memoranda, background papers, testimony, staff papers, and administrative documents for the Technology Assessment Board.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, January 1 - March 31, 1990

Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, January 1 - March 31, 1990

Date: 1990
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Description: This is a quarterly report detailing the budget and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, July 1 - September 30, 1990

Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, July 1 - September 30, 1990

Date: 1990
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Description: This is a quarterly report detailing the budget and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, October 1 - December 31, 1989

Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, October 1 - December 31, 1989

Date: 1990
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Description: This is a quarterly report detailing the budget and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technologies for learning at a distance: looking to the future changing educational relationships

Technologies for learning at a distance: looking to the future changing educational relationships

Date: 1990
Creator: Patten, Larry G.
Description: This report discusses the ways to utilize technological advertisements in distance learning. It discusses the impact of technological changes in the educational environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Costs and Effectiveness of Cervical Cancer Screening in Elderly Women

The Costs and Effectiveness of Cervical Cancer Screening in Elderly Women

Date: February 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper examines what is known about the course of cervical cancer in elderly women; the effectiveness of the Pap test and its accuracy in this age group; the relative costs and effectiveness of different screening test schedules for elderly women; and the implications of these findings for Medicare.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Connections: Communication for the Future

Critical Connections: Communication for the Future

Date: February 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The U.S. communication infrastructure is changing rapidly as a result of technological advances, deregulation, and an economic climate that is increasingly competitive. This change is affecting the way in which information is created, processed, transmitted, and provided to individuals and institutions. The report analyzes the implications of new communication technologies for business, politics, culture, and individuals, and suggests possible strategies and options for congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Making Things Better: Competing in Manufacturing

Making Things Better: Competing in Manufacturing

Date: February 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report considers ways to promote the restoration of American leadership in manufacturing technology. Some of the things that most need doing are up to industry— especially in handling people, from managers to engineers to shopfloor workers, and in forming stable, productive relationships between different segments of an industry complex. Government also has a critical role to play.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preventive Health Services for Medicare Beneficiaries: Policy and Research Issues

Preventive Health Services for Medicare Beneficiaries: Policy and Research Issues

Date: February 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Special Report analyzes policy and research issues raised in considering Medicare coverage of preventive services. OTA examines how decisions are currently made about coverage of specific preventive services under Medicare and lays out options for altering the process and criteria governing those decisions. The Special Report also reviews and critiques ongoing demonstration projects and summarizes the results of OTA studies of the costs and effectiveness of specific preventive services for the elderly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Policies for the 1990s: a special report of OTA's assessment on emerging agricultural technology: issues for the 1990s

Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Policies for the 1990s: a special report of OTA's assessment on emerging agricultural technology: issues for the 1990s

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report addresses the central issues in the debate of the 1990 Farm Bill. It was requested as part of a larger study examining emerging agricultural technologies and related issues for the 1990s by the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the House Committee on Agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Software and Intellectual Property

Computer Software and Intellectual Property

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines existing intellectual-property protection for computer software-copyrights, patents, and trade secrets—and provides an overview of the often conflicting views and concerns of various stakeholders. It was prepared in response to a request from the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice of the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coping With an Oiled Sea

Coping With an Oiled Sea

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: In the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska in March, 1989, a myriad of investigations were initiated to evaluate the causes of that accident and to propose remedies. The Office of Technology Assessment was asked to study the Nation’s oil spill clean-up capabilities and to assess the technologies for responding to such catastrophic spills in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rebuilding the Foundations: A Special Report on State and Local Public Works Financing and Management

Rebuilding the Foundations: A Special Report on State and Local Public Works Financing and Management

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report documents, the concerns centered on how to raise more money for upgrading and maintaining public works, how to enhance public works, and how to preserve the community environment and quality of life. Local officials focused on the complex tasks of resolving conflicts among these issues in a controversy-ridden and politically charged arena. State representatives highlighted the steps they have already taken to increase support for localities. This special report also outlines the roles of Federal, State, and local governments and points to avenues for strengthening the intergovernmental structure for managing and financing public works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Space: The Future of U.S. Space Transportation Systems

Access to Space: The Future of U.S. Space Transportation Systems

Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report is the final, summarizing report in a series of products from a broad assessment of space transportation technologies undertaken by OTA for the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High-Temperature Superconductivity in Perspective

High-Temperature Superconductivity in Perspective

Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This is the second of two OTA assessments on the subject of high-temperature superconductivity (HTS). As the title suggests, this study attempts to put HTS in perspective, both in terms of competing technologies (e.g., the more mature low-temperature superconductors), and in terms of the many technical and economic problems that must be overcome before HTS can be widely used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Has Federal Research on AIDS/HIV Disease Contributed to Other Fields?

How Has Federal Research on AIDS/HIV Disease Contributed to Other Fields?

Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The House Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations asked the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) to document the extent to which federally funded research on AIDS/HIV has contributed to advances in other fields including biomedical and behavior research, prevention, patient care, and health care financing. In response to this request OTA conducted a survey of distinguished biomedical and social scientists. This Staff Paper reports on the results of that survey.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Neurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System

Neurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System

Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Report, the first of the neuroscience series, discusses the risks posed by neurotoxic substances—substances that can adversely affect the nervous system—and evaluates the Federal research and regulatory programs now in place to address these risks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposal Pressure in the 1980s: An Indicator of Stress on the Federal Research System

Proposal Pressure in the 1980s: An Indicator of Stress on the Federal Research System

Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: For this report OTA compiled time-series data provided by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Federal mission agencies on proposals for competitively awarded research projects, and by the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s (AAAS) annual R&D budget series.7 These funding trends, presented below, suggest changes over the decade of the 1980s and raise some issues for future policy study.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arming Our Allies: Cooperation and Competition in Defense Technology

Arming Our Allies: Cooperation and Competition in Defense Technology

Date: May 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Special Report is the frost product of OTA assessment of international collaboration in defense technology. It provides an overview of the subject and analyzes the impact that changes in the environment of defense technology and reduced East-West tensions will exert on defense industrial cooperation and associated alliance relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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