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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Fixed Mask Assembly Research for APS Insertion Devices

Fixed Mask Assembly Research for APS Insertion Devices

Date: January 1990
Creator: Kuzay, Tuncer M.
Description: The Fixed Mask Assembly (FMA) is the first component to interact with the photon beam. Two sets of a pair of FMA channels, vertically and horizontally disposed, contain the beam rather than define it. They are subject to very large heat fluxes during containment. In current practice, the FMA channels are made of heavy, seamless copper, have rectangular cross-sections, and are cooled internally with water. Channels are set at grazing angles ranging from 1 to 6 degrees with respect to the beam, depending on the type of insertion device. APS insertion devices will impose higher heat fluxes on FMAs. Therefore, a need exists to improve the FMA engineering, keeping in the mind the current design criteria and philosophy of FMAs. Preliminary analysis of current heat transfer practice indicates that the major resistance to heat transfer is on the coolant side. Therefore, FMA cooling would benefit from enhanced heat transfer on the coolant side. With this principle in mind, an experimental program has been undertaken to explore the feasibility of using high-performance copper tube configurations which are expected to yield heat transfer coefficients, h, '' in single phase flow systems 2 to 5() times higher than equivalent plain tubes. In this ...
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Slip-and-Fall Accidents During Equipment Maintenance in the Surface Mining Industry

Slip-and-Fall Accidents During Equipment Maintenance in the Surface Mining Industry

Date: 1990
Creator: Albin, Thomas J. & Adams, W. P.
Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing mining accidents during equipment maintenance. As stated in the abstract, "this U.S. Bureau of Mines report identifies potential causes of slip-and-fall accidents occurring during surface mine equipment maintenance and describes the relative roles of direct worker behavior and machine design" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
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Strategy for Experimental Validation of Waste Package Performance Assessment

Strategy for Experimental Validation of Waste Package Performance Assessment

Date: January 1990
Creator: Bates, John K.; Abrajano, Teofilo Aniag; Wronkiewicz, D. J.; Gerding, Thomas J. & Seils, C. A.
Description: A strategy for the experimental validation of waste package performance assessment has been developed as part of a program supported by the Repository Technology Program. The strategy was developed by reviewing the results of laboratory analog experiments, in-situ tests, repository simulation tests, and material interaction tests. As a result of the review, a listing of dependent and independent variables that influence the ingress of water into the near-field environment, the reaction between water and the waste form, and the transport of radionuclides from the near-field environment was developed. The variables necessary to incorporate into an experimental validation strategy were chosen by identifying those which had the greatest effect of each of the three major events, i.e., groundwater ingress, waste package reactions, and radionuclide transport. The methodology to perform validation experiments was examined by utilizing an existing laboratory analog approach developed for unsaturated testing of glass waste forms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Test Results for 36-V Li/FeS Battery

Test Results for 36-V Li/FeS Battery

Date: January 1990
Creator: Chilenskas, A. A.; Malecha, R. F.; DeLuca, W. H.; Tummillo, A. F. & Hogrefe, R. L.
Description: This report describes a collaborative effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the Westinghouse Naval Systems Division from 1986 to 1989. This effort resulted in the design, fabrication, and testing of two 36-V lithium-alloy/iron monosulfide (Li/FeS) batteries. The test results provided validation of a conceptual design for a full-scale electric van battery, as well as design and performance data for 12-V Li/FeS modules and fractional-scale battery components.
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Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : January 1989-January 1990

Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : January 1989-January 1990

Date: February 1990
Creator: Pieper, Gail W.
Description: This report reviews the activities and operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility (ACRF) for the period January 1, 1989, through January 31, 1990. The ACRF is operated by the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory. The facility's principal objective is to foster research in parallel computing. Toward this objective, the ACRF continues to operate experimental advanced computers and to sponsor new technology transfer efforts and new research projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Technical Report

Annual Technical Report

Date: March 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.
Description: Highlights of the Chemical Technology (CMT) Division's activities during 1989 are presented. In this period, CMT conducted research and development in the following areas: (1) electrochemical technology, including high-performance batteries (mainly lithium/iron sulfide and sodium/metal chloride), aqueous batteries (lead-acid and nickel/iron), and advanced fuel cells with molten carbonate and solid oxide electrolytes; (2) coal utilization, including the heat and seed recovery technology for coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics plants and the technology for fluidized-bed combustion; (3) method, for recovery of energy from municipal waste and techniques for treatment of hazardous organic waste; (4) nuclear technology related to a process for separating and recovering transuranic elements from nuclear waste and for producing 99Mo from low-enriched uranium targets, the recovery processes for discharged fuel and the uranium blanket in a sodium-cooled fast reactor (the Integral Fast Reactor), and waste management; and (5) physical chemistry of selected materials in environments simulating those of fission and fusion energy systems.
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OTTER 2.0 Users Guide

OTTER 2.0 Users Guide

Date: March 1990
Creator: McCune, William W.
Description: OTTER (Organized Techniques for Theorem-proving and Effective Research) is a resolution-style theorem-proving program for first-order logic with equality. OTTER includes the inference rules binary resolution, hyperresolution, URresolution, and binary paramodulation. Some of its other abilities are conversion from first-order formulas to clauses, forward and back subsumption, factoring, weighting, answer literals, term ordering, forward and back demodulation, evaluable functions and predicates, and Knuth-Bendix completion. OTTER is coded in C, it is free, and it is portable to many different kinds of computers.
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Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1989

Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1989

Date: April 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: This report discusses the results of the environmental monitoring program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for 1989. To evaluate the effects of ANL operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the ANL site were analyzed and compared. A variety of radionuclides were measured in air, surface water, groundwater, soil, grass, bottom sediment, and milk samples.
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Some Software Implementations of the Functions Sine and Cosine

Some Software Implementations of the Functions Sine and Cosine

Date: April 1990
Creator: Tang, Ping Tak Peter
Description: We present several software implementations of the elementary functions sin and cos designed to fit a large class of machines. Implementation details are provided. We also provide a detailed error analysis that bounds the errors of these implementations, over the full range of input arguments, from 0.721 to 0.912 units in the last place. Tests performed on these codes give results that are consistent with the error bounds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surveillance of Site A and Plot M : Report for 1989

Surveillance of Site A and Plot M : Report for 1989

Date: April 1990
Creator: Golchert, N. W.
Description: The results of the environmental monitoring program conducted at Site A/Plot M in the Palos Park Forest Preserve area for CY 1989 are presented. The monitoring program is the ongoing remedial action that resulted from the 1976-1978 radiological characterization of the site. That study had determined that very low levels of hydrogen-3 (as tritiated water) migrated from the burial ground and was present in two nearby hand-pumped picnic wells. The current program consists of sample collection and analysis of air, surface and subsurface water, and bottom sediment.
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TRUEX Hot Demonstration

TRUEX Hot Demonstration

Date: April 1990
Creator: Chamberlain, D. B.; Leonard, R. A.; Hoh, J. C.; Gay, E. C.; Kalina, D. G. & Vandegrift, G. F.
Description: In FY 1987, a program was initiated to demonstrate technology for recovering transuranic (TRU) elements from defense wastes. This hot demonstration was to be carried out with solution from the dissolution of irradiated fuels. This recovery would be accomplished with both PUREX and TRUEX solvent extraction processes. Work planned for this program included preparation of a shielded-cell facility for the receipt and storage of spent fuel from commercial power reactors, dissolution of this fuel, operation of a PUREX process to produce specific feeds for the TRUEX process, operation of a TRUEX process to remove residual actinide elements from PUREX process raffinates, and processing and disposal of waste and product streams. This report documents the work completed in planning and starting up this program. It is meant to serve as a guide for anyone planning similar demonstrations of TRUEX or other solvent extraction processing in a shielded-cell facility.
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Beach and Borrow Site Sediment Investigation for a Beach Nourishment at Ocean City, Maryland

Beach and Borrow Site Sediment Investigation for a Beach Nourishment at Ocean City, Maryland

Date: May 1990
Creator: Anders, Fred J. & Hansen, Mark
Description: Report describing the methodology used to sample and analyze sediment at Ocean City, Maryland as part of a beach nourishment project. During the project, sediment was moved from borrow sites to construct parts of the beach area; both the borrow sites and native beach were tested.
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Reaction of Glass During Gamma Irradiation in a Saturated Tuff Environment

Reaction of Glass During Gamma Irradiation in a Saturated Tuff Environment

Date: May 1990
Creator: Ebert, William L.; Bates, John K. & Gerding, Thomas J.
Description: The reaction between tuffaceous groundwater and actinide-doped SRL 165 and PNL 76-68 type glasses in a gamma radiation field has been studied at 90 degrees C for periods up to 278 days. The primary effect of the radiation field was the acidification of the leachate through the production of nitrogen acids. Acidification of the leachate was limited by bicarbonate in the groundwater, for all exposures tested. Nonirradiated experiments were performed to represent the lowest limit of radiation exposure. Both irradiated and nonirradiated experiments were performed with and without a tuff monolith present in the reaction vessel. Neither irradiation nor the presence of tuff had a major effect on the extent of glass reaction as measured by the leachate concentrations of various glass species or analysis of the reacted glass surfaces. This report discusses the results of leaching experiments performed in a gamma radiation field and in the absence of a radiation field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Two-Phase Flow Patterns and Frictional Pressure Gradients in a Small, Horizontal, Rectangular Channel

Two-Phase Flow Patterns and Frictional Pressure Gradients in a Small, Horizontal, Rectangular Channel

Date: May 1990
Creator: Wambsganss, M. W.; Jendrzejczyk, J. A.; France, D. M. & Obot, Nsima T.
Description: Two-phase flow patterns and frictional pressure gradients in flow in small, rectangular channels are being studies as part of a larger research program addressing phase-change heat transfer of pure refrigerants and refrigerant mixtures in plate-fin heat exchangers. Small rectangular flow channels were selected as representative of plain fin geometries. The particular channel reported herein has dimensions of 19.05 {times} 3.18 mm. Adiabatic flows of air/water mixtures, with the flow channel horizontal and the channel exit at near-atmospheric conditions, were utilized in the experiments. Analysis and interpretation of the pressure data relative to observed flow pattern transitions led to an objective method for determining the plug/bubble-to-slug flow transition. This method, together with visual observations, supplemented with photographic data, was used to develop a flow pattern man. A comparison of existing flow pattern maps for circular pipes, capillary tubes, and larger rectangular channels led to the conclusion that, while qualitative agreement exists, these maps are not generally applicable on a quantitative basis to the subject small rectangular channel. Two state-of-the-art correlations for frictional pressure gradient were evaluated, with particular emphasis on the practically important ranges of total mass quality and mass flux, from the standpoint of plate-fin heat exchangers designed as evaporators. ...
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A Comparative Study of Iron-, Nickel-, and Cobalt-Base Weldments Exposed in TVA 20-MW and Rocketdyne Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustors

A Comparative Study of Iron-, Nickel-, and Cobalt-Base Weldments Exposed in TVA 20-MW and Rocketdyne Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustors

Date: June 1990
Creator: Wang, D. Y. & Natesan, K.
Description: Experimental iron-, nickel-, and cobalt-base weldment materials were exposed in TVA 20-MW and Rocketdyne atmospheric fluidized bed combustors (AFBCs) at 849 degrees C for 1261 h and 871 degrees C for 1000 h, respectively. Post-exposure analyses were conducted at Argonne National Laboratory. All specimens experienced different degrees of internal oxidation/sulfidation. Among eight filler materials, Marathon 25/35R and Haynes 188 showed the least corrosion attack, i.e., less than 0.5 mm/yr. A high nickel content in the weldment was unfavorable for corrosion resistance in the AFBC environment. Differences in the coal/bed chemistry of the TVA and Rocketdyne systems yielded different corrosion behavior in the materials. Calcium sulfate deposits on the specimens significantly affected the internal oxidation/sulfidation of the alloys. The results of this study supplement the material data base, in particular that of weldment performance, and aid in materials selection for AFBC applications.
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PC-DYMAC: Personal Computer-DYnamic Materials ACcounting

PC-DYMAC: Personal Computer-DYnamic Materials ACcounting

Date: June 1990
Creator: Jackson, B. Gail
Description: This manual was designed to provide complete documentation for the computer system used by the EBR-II Fuels and Materials Department, Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) for accountability of special nuclear materials (SNM). This document includes background information on the operation of the Fuel Manufacturing Facility (FMF), instructions on computer operations in correlation with production and a detailed manual for PC-DYMAC operation.
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Practical Superconductor Development for Electrical Power Applications Semiannual Report: October 1989-June 1990

Practical Superconductor Development for Electrical Power Applications Semiannual Report: October 1989-June 1990

Date: June 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Materials and Components Technology Division.
Description: Progress report for the superconductor program at Argonne National Laboratory discussing the group's activities and research. This report describes technical progress of research and development efforts aimed at producing superconducting components based on the Y-Ba-Cu, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu, and Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu oxide systems.
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Physics Division Annual Review: April 1, 1989-March 31, 1990

Physics Division Annual Review: April 1, 1989-March 31, 1990

Date: July 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Physics Division.
Description: Annual report of activities of the Argonne National Laboratory Physics Division, including research at ATLAS, medium-energy nuclear physics and weak interactions, theoretical nuclear physics, and atomic and molecular physics.
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Application of the NNWSI [Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations] Unsaturated Test Method to Actinide Doped SRL [Savannah River Laboratory] 165 Type Glass

Application of the NNWSI [Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations] Unsaturated Test Method to Actinide Doped SRL [Savannah River Laboratory] 165 Type Glass

Date: August 1990
Creator: Bates, John K. & Gerding, Thomas J.
Description: The results of tests done using the Unsaturated Test Method are presented. These tests, done to determine the suitability of glass in a potential high-level waste repository as developed by the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project, simulate conditions anticipated for the post-containment phase of the repository when only limited contact between the waste form and water is expected. The reaction of glass occurs via processes that are initiated due to glass/water vapor and glass/liquid water contact. Vapor interaction results in the initiation of an exchange process between water and the more mobile species (alkalis and boron) in the glass. The liquid reaction produces interactions similar to those seen in standard leaching tests, except due to the limited amount of water present and the presence of partially sensitized 304L stainless steel, the formation of reaction products greatly exceeds that found in MCC-1 type leach tests. The effect of sensitized stainless steel on the reaction is to enhance breakdown of the glass matrix thereby increasing the release of the transuranic elements from the glass. However, most of the plutonium and americium released is entrained by either the metal components of the test or by the reaction phases, and is not released ...
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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Green-State Ceramics

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Green-State Ceramics

Date: August 1990
Creator: Gopalsami, Nachappa; Dieckman, S. L.; Ellingson, W. A.; Botto, Robert E.; Wong, P. S.; Yeh, H. C. et al.
Description: Proton (¹H) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging techniques are investigated as a means to nondestructively characterize green-state (unfired) Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} ceramic components. Spectroscopic results indicate that the organic additives used in the injection molding of ceramics behave as soft solids, with broad spectral peak widths (T₂ <0.5 ms) and moderate multicomponent spin-lattice relaxation rates (T{sub 1} ranging from 11 ms to 1 s). Because of the intrinsically different spectral characteristics of the organic additives, conventional-solution NMR imaging techniques cannot be applied to these materials. Hence, the authors developed specialized NMR imaging accessories capable of applying high magnetic field gradients in a back-projection protocol. NMR images were acquired of injection-molded test bars that had been fabricated with different mixing and molding parameters. Organic concentrations determined from the NMR images were correlated with results obtained through destructive testing. The correlation suggests that NMR imaging is a viable technique for quantifying organics in injection-molded green-state ceramics.
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Nuclear Technology Programs Semiannual Progress Report: October 1987-March 1988

Nuclear Technology Programs Semiannual Progress Report: October 1987-March 1988

Date: August 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.
Description: Progress report of the Argonne National Laboratory's Nuclear Technology Programs, including investigations in applied physical chemistry, separation science and technology, and waste management.
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Theory Institute in Automated Reasoning : Held at Argonne National Laboratory, August 6-10, 1990

Theory Institute in Automated Reasoning : Held at Argonne National Laboratory, August 6-10, 1990

Date: August 1990
Creator: Wos, Larry
Description: On August 6--10, 1990, Argonne National Laboratory hosted a Theory Institute in Automated Reasoning. The institute was organized by the Mathematics and Computer Science Division and was supported by special funding from Argonne's Physical Research Program Administration. The focus of the Institute was on the obstacles confronting the effective automation of reasoning. The objective was to lay the groundwork for formulating a theory governing the interrelationship of representation, inference rule, and strategy. Here we summarize the activities that took place during the week-long Institute. We also present an evaluation of the progress achieved-progress that includes the solution of challenge questions, the increasing use of both our database of problems and our automated reasoning program OTTER, and the discovery of new used for OTTER.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Theory for Fluidelastic Instability of Tube-Support-Plate Inactive Modes

A Theory for Fluidelastic Instability of Tube-Support-Plate Inactive Modes

Date: September 1990
Creator: Cai, Y.; Chen, Shoei-Sheng & Chandra, S.
Description: Fluid-elastic instability of loosely supported tubes, vibrating in a tube-support-plate (TSP) inactive mode, is suspected to be one of the main causes of tube failure in some operating steam generators and heat exchangers. This report presents a mathematical model for fluid-elastic instability of loosely supported tubes exposed to non-uniform cross-flow. The model incorporates all motion-dependent fluid forces based on the unsteady flow theory. In the unstable region associated with a TSP-inactive mode, tube motion can be described by two linear models: TSP-inactive mode when tubes do not strike the TSP, and TSP-active mode when tubes do strike the TSP. A bilinear model (consisting of these linear models) presented in this report simulates the characteristics of fluid-elastic instability of loosely supported tubes in stable and unstable regions associated with TSP-inactive modes. Analytical results obtained with the model are compared with published experimental data; they agree reasonably well. The prediction procedure presented for fluid-elastic instability response of loosely supported tubes is applicable to the stable and unstable regions of the TSP-inactive mode.
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A Tutorial on the Construction of High-Performance Resolution/Paramodulation Systems

A Tutorial on the Construction of High-Performance Resolution/Paramodulation Systems

Date: September 1990
Creator: Butler, R. & Overbeek, R.
Description: Over the past 25 years, researchers have written numerous deduction systems based on resolution and paramodulation. Of these systems, a very few have been capable of generating and maintaining a formula database "containing more than just a few thousand clauses. These few systems were used to explore mechanisms for rapidly extracting limited subsets of relevant" clauses. We have written this tutorial to reflect some of the best ideas that have emerged and to cast them in a form that makes them easily accessible to students wishing to write their own high-performance systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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