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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1970-1979
 Year: 1976
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Date: 1976
Creator: Fishelson, Gordon; Rausser, Gordon C. & Cohen, Alan S.
Description: The decision to locate a fossil-fueled electrical power plant on a particular site involves trade-offs among the costs of: (1) land acquisition, (2) plant construction, operation, and maintenance, (3) power transmission, and (4) air pollution damage to humans, animals, plants and materials. The fourth of these, pollution costs, has been of great concern in recent years. But seldom, if ever, are the specific dollar trade-offs between the environmental and the other costs associated with site selection taken into account. The sum of the costs of power generation (land, construction, operation, maintenance), power transmission, and air pollution damages (from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) is the total social cost of a fossil-fuel plant; this total cost will generally vary by site. This paper presents an analysis of the total social cost, and the trade-offs between generation/transmission and air pollution costs, for various types of fossil plants at different sites in northern Illinois. The analysis identifies the combinations of site, fossil fuel, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) control technology that minimize total social costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An approximate spin design criterion for monoplanes, 1 May 1939

An approximate spin design criterion for monoplanes, 1 May 1939

Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Seidman, O. & Donlan, C. J.
Description: An approximate empirical criterion, based on the projected side area and the mass distribution of the airplane, was formulated. The British results were analyzed and applied to American designs. A simpler design criterion, based solely on the type and the dimensions of the tail, was developed; it is useful in a rapid estimation of whether a new design is likely to comply with the minimum requirements for safety in spinning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argonne National Laboratory Division of Biological and Medical Research, Annual Report: 1976

Argonne National Laboratory Division of Biological and Medical Research, Annual Report: 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Rosenthal, M. W.
Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Division of Biological and Medical Research summarizing research an other activities. This report includes the exploration of the toxicological effects of effluents from various forms of energy production with a view to defining hazards and risk assessments for man.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argonne National Laboratory Patent Portfolio

Argonne National Laboratory Patent Portfolio

Date: 1976
Creator: Huguelet, B. C.
Description: This booklet contains the abstracts of all active U. S. patents on technology items that originated at ANL, the applicability of which is not limited to nuclear reactors. Also listed are the titles of all ANL-originated nuclear-related U. S. patents that are still in force. Selected technology items for which patent applications have been filed and are available for licensing are included in several categories. Categories included in this booklet are as follows: atmospheric and earth sciences; biological and medical sciences; chemistry and chemical engineering; cryogenics and superconductivity; electronics and electrical engineering; energy conversion; measurements and controls; methods and devices; materials and fabrication; physics, accelerators and fusion; and selected nuclear-related technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Cunningham, P. T.; Kumar, R.; Holt, B. D.; Hubble, B. R.; Johnson, S. A.; Nielsen, E. et al.
Description: The chemistry of airborne particulate matter is being investigated by means of laboratory and field studies. Experiments were conducted using the flow reactor to identify the reaction conditions under which detectable amounts of sulfate particles could be formed under gaseous sulfur dioxide. A procedure was developed for the analysis of acidic and neutral ammonium sulfate in filter-collected samples of atmospheric particulate matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Heinrich, R. R.; Greenwood, L. R.; Kennerley, R. J.; Chellew, N. R.; Popek, R. J.; Malewicki, Russell et al.
Description: One of the objectives of the Dosimetry and Damage Analysis Center is to provide standardized dosimetry technology for materials-study programs within the ERDA Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy. Current efforts have included characterization of neutron environments in terms of fluence and spectral distribution for materials experiments conducted at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's (LLL) Rotating Target Neutron Source and at the LLL-Davis Cyclograaff. Environment characterization efforts at Brookhaven National Laboratory's High Flux Beam Reactor and those pertaining to an enriched-uranium converter for the ANL CP-5 reactor are also described. The capability of calculating material radiation damage parameters associated with these neutron environments is demonstrated. Average fission yields determined from two fast-neutron irradiations and one thermal-neutron irradiation are compiled for laboratories participating in the inter-laboratory Reaction Rate program. These results are in excellent agreement with literature values. Progress on the development of boron-10 and lithium-6-loaded liquid scintillation detectors for detecting very low intensity neutrons is presented. Material purification tests and performance tests of scintillation mixtures are described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Fuels and Materials Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Fuels and Materials Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Johnson, C. E.; Blackburn, P. E.; Carroll, K.; Fee, D. C.; Fischer, A. K.; Johnson, I. et al.
Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division regarding activities related to properties and handling of radioactive materials, operation of nuclear reactors, and other relevant research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Physical Inorganic Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Physical Inorganic Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Blander, M.; Curtiss, L. A.; Hsu, C. C.; Kucera, G. H.; Marr, J. J.; Papatheodorou, G. N. et al.
Description: Various aspects of physical inorganic chemistry were investigated and are summarized in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Reactor Safety and Physical Properties Studies Annual Report, July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Reactor Safety and Physical Properties Studies Annual Report, July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Leibowitz, L.; Blomquist, R. A.; Fink, J. K.; Finn, P. A.; Fischer, D. F.; Green, D. W. et al.
Description: A report of the work on Reactor Safety and Physical Property Studies performed in the Chemical Engineering Division at Argonne National Laboratory is given for the period July 1975-June 1976.
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Chemical Engineering Division Thermochemical Studies Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Thermochemical Studies Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: O'Hare, P. A. G.; Johnson, G. K.; Ader, M.; Hubbard, W. N.; Fredrickson, D.; Cafasso, F. A. et al.
Description: Standard enthalpies of formation at 298.15 K are reported for MgUO4, CaUO4, BaUO4, VF3, and PrF3 based on solution and fluorine bomb calorimetric measurements. High-temperature enthalpy increments have been determined for MgUO4 by drop calorimetry. Preliminary work on gamma -UO3 and beta-LiAl is described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coal Liquefaction Support Studies

Coal Liquefaction Support Studies

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Bump, T. R.; Mulcahey, T. P.; Jonke, A. A.; Lo, R.; Nandi, S. et al.
Description: A development program is being carried out to obtain information applicable to the SYNTHOIL process for converting coal to liquid fuel of low sulfur content. This report presents information on (1) the design of a calorimeter to measure heat of reaction of hydrogen with coal slurries, (2) the design of apparatus and calculations for measuring coefficients of heat transfer from SYNTHOIL process feed and effluent products to process vessel walls, (3) tests on the use of additives to facilitate the removal of solids from oil produced in coal liquefaction processes, and (4) the design and construction of a test unit for evaluating new catalysts for coal liquefaction processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coal Liquefaction Support Studies

Coal Liquefaction Support Studies

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Bump, T. R.; Mulcahey, T. P.; Jonke, A. A.; Lo, R.; Nandi, S. et al.
Description: A development program is being carried out to obtain information applicable to the SYNTHOIL process for converting coal to liquid fuel of low sulfur content. This report presents information on (1) the design of a calorimeter to measure heat of reaction of hydrogen with coal slurries, (2) the design of apparatus and calculations for measuring coefficients of heat transfer from SYNTHOIL process feed and effluent products to process vessel walls, (3) tests on the use of additives to facilitate the removal of solids from oil produced in coal liquefaction processes, and (4) the design and construction of a test unit for evaluating new catalysts for coal liquefaction processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coal Supply and Air Quality Limitations on Fossil-Fueled Energy Centers

Coal Supply and Air Quality Limitations on Fossil-Fueled Energy Centers

Date: 1976
Creator: Smith, Albert E.; Wolsko, Thomas D. & Cirillo, Richard R.
Description: The coterminous United States is screened on a county-by-county basis to identify areas most likely to provide sites for fossil energy centers (FECs) utilizing local coals and having capacities between 5,000 and 20,000 MWe. Areas eliminated as potential sites include national public lands excluded by legislation, urbanized areas, Air Quality Maintenance Areas for particulates and SO2, and counties where air quality data indicate violations of particulate or SO2 ambient standards. The remaining counties are further screened for suitable coal reserves. The quality of coal required for an FEC to meet emissions and ambient standards is determined for sulfur content and heating value. Based on Bureau of Mines coal reserve data, counties in areas with not enough quality reserves to support an FEC are eliminated. Areas most likely to provide sites for FECs of 5,000, 10,000, and 20,000 MWe, in two different spatial configurations, each with and without flue gas desulfurization are determined and mapped. The possible impacts of regulations for the prevention of significant deterioration are illustrated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost Estimate for the Commercial Manufacture of Lithium/Iron Sulfide Cells for Load-Leveling

Cost Estimate for the Commercial Manufacture of Lithium/Iron Sulfide Cells for Load-Leveling

Date: 1976
Creator: Towle, W. L.; Graae, Johan E. A.; Chilenskas, A. A. & Ivins, R. O.
Description: An estimate was made of the cost of commercial manufacture of batteries for load-leveling in utility networks, based on the lithium-aluminum/iron sulfide system. The battery design chosen is the 0.92-kWh cell proposed for the BEST Facility. The manufacturing plant was sized to produce 5000 of such cells per day. These cells are assembled for sale in battery cases or sub-modules, 24 cells to a case. The plant investment is estimated to be $12,500,000. A selling price of $29.16 per kWh is projected; this price yields a 25 percent return on invested capital. An allowance for recycle lithium yields a net price of $27.33 per kWh.
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Electrokinetic Consolidation of Slimes in an Underground Mine

Electrokinetic Consolidation of Slimes in an Underground Mine

Date: 1976
Creator: Sprute, R. H. & Kelsh, D. J.
Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over tests conducted on underground mine slimes from a collection sump. Testing methods and results are discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
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Environmental Costs of Landfills and Incinerators

Environmental Costs of Landfills and Incinerators

Date: 1976
Creator: Hockman, Oded; Hwang, Eui-Gak & Rudzitis, Gundars
Description: After an introductory statement describing the characteristics of landfills and incinerators, these two devices for municipal waste disposal are compared in terms of economic and environmental costs. Cost data for the Chicago area is used. It is concluded that landfills have lower investment, operating and environmental costs.
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Final Summary Report of Fuel-Dynamics Tests H2 and E4

Final Summary Report of Fuel-Dynamics Tests H2 and E4

Date: 1976
Creator: Doerner, R. C.; Rothman, A. B.; De Volpi, A.; Dickerman, Charles Edward; Deitrich, L. W.; Stahl, D. et al.
Description: Results of two failure experiments using LMFBR-type fuel during simulated unprotected transient overpower accidents are reported and analyzed. In both experiments, a single fresh fuel pin in a Mark0IIA loop was subjected to a temperature-limited, step-reactivity irradiation in the TREAT reactor. Total energy was 490 MJ in Test H2 and in Test E4.
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Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: April-June 1976

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: April-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A. A.
Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A.
Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Date: 1976
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A.
Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inelastic-Collision Cross Sections for Ne

Inelastic-Collision Cross Sections for Ne

Date: 1976
Creator: Soong, S. C. & Kim, Y. K.
Description: Cross sections for inelastic collisions of slow electrons and the dipole oscillator-strength distribution for the neon atom are given in tabular form. The results are based on experimental data that were checked and adjusted for internal consistency.
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Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: This progress report summarizes the Argonne National Laboratory work performed during April, May, and June 1976 on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. The following research and development areas are covered: (1) Loss of coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics; (2) Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program; (3) Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen; and (4) Steam-explosion Studies.
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Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program, Quarterly Progress Report: October-December 1975

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program, Quarterly Progress Report: October-December 1975

Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: Quarterly report summarizing work by Argonne National Laboratory on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. "The following research and development areas are covered: (1) Loss-of-coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics; (2) Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program; and (3) Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen" (p. x).
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Liquid-in-Glass Thermometry

Liquid-in-Glass Thermometry

Date: January 1976
Creator: Wise, Jacquelyn A.
Description: Report containing information of general interest to manufacturers and users of liquid-in-glass thermometers. This report supersedes Monograph 90. Instructions explaining how to submit a thermometer to the National Bureau of Standards for calibration are provided, and the techniques and equipment, such as stirred liquid comparison baths, used in the calibration procedures are described. A discussion of important principles of acceptable thermometer design and factors affecting their use is included. Listed are tables of tolerances reflecting good manufacturing practices and reasonably attainable accuracies expected with liquid-in-glass thermometers. The calculation of corrections for the temperature of the emergent stem is given in detail for various types of thermometers and conditions of use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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