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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: unknown
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of Bahrain, which has undergone substantial political reforms since the late 1990s, but which still suffers from tension between the Shiite majority and the Sunni-led government. It focuses particularly on Bahrain's relationship with Iran and with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests

Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: unknown
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the internal and external security concerns of the Central Asian states. Security concerns faced by the states include mixes of social disorder, crime, corruption, terrorism, ethnic and civil conflict, border tensions, water and transport disputes, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and trafficking in illegal narcotics and persons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparing DHS Component Funding, FY2017: Fact Sheet

Comparing DHS Component Funding, FY2017: Fact Sheet

Date: unknown
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report provides figures that show total net discretionary appropriations for Department of Homeland Security (DHS) broken down by component, and ordered from largest to smallest by FY2016 enacted funding level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Controlled Substances Act: Regulatory Requirements

The Controlled Substances Act: Regulatory Requirements

Date: unknown
Creator: Nichols, James E. & Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report highlights certain non-criminal regulatory requirements of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). The CSA and its implementing regulations establish a framework through which the federal government regulates the use of controlled substances for legitimate medical, scientific, research, and industrial purposes, and prevents these substances from being diverted for illegal purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debate Over Selected Presidential Assistants and Advisors: Appointment, Accountability, and Congressional Oversight

The Debate Over Selected Presidential Assistants and Advisors: Appointment, Accountability, and Congressional Oversight

Date: unknown
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.; Garvey, Todd; Chu, Vivian S. & Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report provides background information and selected views on the role of the appointments made by President Barack H. Obama to his Administration or by Cabinet secretaries to their departments. Additionally, it discusses some of the constitutional concerns that have been raised about presidential advisors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal: Background Information

Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal: Background Information

Date: unknown
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the Department of Defense (DOD) policy for disposing of items via the Defense Utilization and Marketing Service (DRMS); this method is used for government equipment and supplies considered surplus or deemed unnecessary to the agency's currently designated mission. The report focuses on DRMS background, as well as the most recent DRMS policy modifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption: Frequently Asked Questions

Encryption: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: unknown
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report discusses encryption, which is a process to secure information from unwanted access or use. Encryption uses the art of cryptography to change information which can be read (plaintext) and make it so that it cannot be read (ciphertext).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: unknown
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: Trends, Analysis, and Options for Congress

GAO Bid Protests: Trends, Analysis, and Options for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the time frames and procedures in a Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid protest, including (1) what issues can be protested with GAO; (2) who can file or be a party to a GAO protest; (3) the procedures for bringing and resolving GAO protests; (4) the time frames involved in GAO protests; (5) the automatic stay of contract award or performance triggered by a GAO protest, as well as the basis for agency overrides of automatic stays and judicial review of agency override determinations; (6) the basis and effects of GAO decisions; and (7) reconsideration and "appeal" of GAO decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: unknown
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J. & Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report discusses the Help America Vote Act (HAVA; P.L. 107-252) enacted in 2002. It provides background information about HAVA and its provisions, the Election Assistance Commission (EAC), funding for the agency and for state programs to improve elections, and a number of enduring election administration issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Housing Issues in the 113th Congress

Housing Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: Jones, Katie; Carpenter, David H.; Hoskins, Sean M.; Keightley, Mark P.; McCarty, Maggie & Weiss, N. Eric
Description: This report begins by providing an overview of the current state of housing markets (both homeownership and rental) and the mortgage market in order to provide context for the policy issues that have been active during the 113th Congress. It then provides a brief description of issues that the 113th Congress has been considering. These issues are broadly divided into two categories: issues related to homeownership and housing finance, and issues related to housing assistance for low-income households
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individual Mandate Under ACA

Individual Mandate Under ACA

Date: unknown
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Description: Report describing the individual mandate requirements of the Afordable Care Act, as well as penalties for not meeting these requirements and exemptions granted for hardships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Warfare: Russian Activities

Information Warfare: Russian Activities

Date: unknown
Creator: Theohary, Catherine A. & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Description: This report discusses Russia's engagement in activities that some may describe as Information Warfare (IW): the range of military and government operations to protect and exploit the information environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: unknown
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice: Legislative History and Current Legislative Issues

Juvenile Justice: Legislative History and Current Legislative Issues

Date: unknown
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report will analyze the current federal legislation that impacts the state juvenile justice systems. Although the report provides some background information on the evolution of juvenile justice in the United States, the main focus of the report is the major federal legislation that impacts the states juvenile justice systems, including the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: unknown
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. MCC issues include the level of funding to support MCC programs, the impact of budget reductions on MCC programs, the rate of program implementation, the results of MCC compacts, and procurement and corruption concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues (and costs) for Congress concerning the U.S. Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Navy's irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations. The Navy's IW and CT activities pose a number of potential oversight issues for Congress, including the definition of Navy IW activities and how much emphasis to place on IW and CT activities in future Navy budgets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Report containing the information regarding the Navy's Ohio replacement program, including its budget and Congressional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New U.S.-Japan Defense Guidelines Deepen Alliance Cooperation

New U.S.-Japan Defense Guidelines Deepen Alliance Cooperation

Date: unknown
Creator: Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-Japan alliance, which has evolved in response to changes in Japanese defense policies and the regional security environment in East Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Charitable Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Charitable Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: unknown
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the temporary charitable tax provisions that expired at the end of 2013 and are being considered for extension. The report also discusses the economic impact of these charitable tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rejection of Collective Bargaining Agreements in Chapter 11 Bankruptcies: Legal Analysis of Changes to 11 U.S.C. Section 1113 Proposed in H.R. 3652 -- The Protecting Employees and Retirees in Business Bankruptcies Act of 2007

Rejection of Collective Bargaining Agreements in Chapter 11 Bankruptcies: Legal Analysis of Changes to 11 U.S.C. Section 1113 Proposed in H.R. 3652 -- The Protecting Employees and Retirees in Business Bankruptcies Act of 2007

Date: unknown
Creator: Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report discusses the bill that prescribes the parameters of offers that may be made by the debtor in negotiations as well as the requirements that must be met before a court can approve rejection. The bill also provides an absolute right of all employees to strike if their collective bargaining agreements (CBA), is modified or rejected.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia's Parliamentary Elections

Russia's Parliamentary Elections

Date: unknown
Creator: Welt, Cory
Description: This report discusses Russia's last parliamentary elections. On September 18, 2016, Russians will go to the polls to elect the State Duma.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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