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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1980-1989
 Year: 1981
 Language: English
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
An Economic Analysis and Brief Legislative Overview of Usury Ceilings

An Economic Analysis and Brief Legislative Overview of Usury Ceilings

Date: July 2, 1981
Creator: Anderson, William
Description: This report gives an economic analysis of usury ceilings, laws which set the maximum legal rate of interest to be charged on particular types of loans. It provides a brief overview of recent Federal l e g i s l a t i o n dealing with usury, with special emphasis on the Federal authorities mandated by P.L. 96-221, and the effectiveness of Federal preemption of State usury laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Relations: Six Key Questions in the Continuing Policy Debate

Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Relations: Six Key Questions in the Continuing Policy Debate

Date: December 10, 1981
Creator: Bite, Vita & Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division
Description: This report provides background information and a general overview of the role of human rights in U.S. foreign policy. It includes a discussion of some traditional arguments about how international human rights concerns might be integrated with other foreign policy factors. It also includes a discussion of the definition of human rights, of U.S. international obligations to promote human rights, and the apparatus and procedures available to the U.S. Government for implementing human rights policy. Particular attention is paid to congressional actions, not only in debating and holding hearings on human rights issues, but especially in enacting laws to assure that U.S. foreign policy formulation and practice include consideration of the status of human rights in other countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enterprise Zones as a Concept

Enterprise Zones as a Concept

Date: March 26, 1981
Creator: Breckenridge, Charlotte
Description: "Enterprise zones" as a concept originated in England in the late 1970s. The idea is to free certain specified urban areas of taxes and government regulations to encourage private business investment and create new jobs. Empirical evidence to support the concept is lacking. This paper contains a discussion of the concept of enterprise zones, without reference to any legislative proposals in the United States. Analyses of legislation will appear as prime sponsors introduce new bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing a Congressional Office: A Brief Overview

Closing a Congressional Office: A Brief Overview

Date: May 18, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This paper sets forth questions that a congressional office needs to consider in the process of closing down. These include statutory and non-statutory matters such as staff, the franking privilege, retirement benefits for Members and staff, allowances, and the disposition of congressional papers, and other office items.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Staffing: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

Congressional Staffing: A Selected Annotated Bibliography

Date: July 14, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This bibliography provides the reader an overview of the growth, development, responsibilities, and duties of personal staffs of Senators and Representatives and the staffs of congressional committees, as seen and studied by academicians, journalists, former Members of the House and Senate, and former staff members.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Functional Analysis of Congressional Member Office Operations

A Functional Analysis of Congressional Member Office Operations

Date: May 14, 1981
Creator: Carlile, Judy
Description: This report presents a general analysis of personal staff functions in a congressional office. Because there is little specific information from Congress and other sources regarding staff job descriptions and because congressional office organization patterns very significantly, this report focuses on the staff functions that are common to all offices regardless of organizational structure or job title: office management; mail; projects; casework; legislation; schedulng and personal services; press and public relations; and political functions.
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A Summary of Prevailing Views on the Sources of Inflation

A Summary of Prevailing Views on the Sources of Inflation

Date: January 30, 1981
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: It is the purpose of this paper to present the range of viewpoints concerning the causes of inflation. Inflation is defined and distinguished from changes' in relative prices. The Monetarist, Post-Keynesian, and neo-Keynesian positions are discussed to illustrate the variety of perceptions as to the sources of sustained increases in the general price level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S./Soviet Military Balance: Statistical Trends, 1970-1980

U.S./Soviet Military Balance: Statistical Trends, 1970-1980

Date: October 1, 1981
Creator: Collins, John M & Severns, Elizabeth Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Strategic Nuclear Force Options

U.S. Strategic Nuclear Force Options

Date: December 3, 1981
Creator: Collins, John M & Severns, Elizabeth Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trilateral Commission

Trilateral Commission

Date: May 1, 1981
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Power Generation: More Energy from Less Fuel

Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Power Generation: More Energy from Less Fuel

Date: October 7, 1981
Creator: Crane, Langdon
Description: This report discusses magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) power generation, which is a method for converting heat directly into electrical energy without the use of a rotating electrical power generator.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act: Context and Content

The Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act: Context and Content

Date: December 17, 1981
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: Debate over natural gas pricing has included the consideration of a windfall profit tax, with the oil windfall profit tax as a possible guide to what might be levied on natural gas at the wellhead. This report reviews the issues surrounding the enactment of the crude oil windfall profit tax, spells out its provisions, and provides data on the revenues collected and anticipated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Manpower Policy and the All-Volunteer Force

Military Manpower Policy and the All-Volunteer Force

Date: September 1, 1981
Creator: Goldich, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recruiting, Retention, and Quality in the All-Volunteer Force

Recruiting, Retention, and Quality in the All-Volunteer Force

Date: June 8, 1981
Creator: Goldich, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade

China-U.S. Trade

Date: November 19, 1981
Creator: Holliday, George D & Hardt, John P
Description: The improved political relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.), initiated by the Nixon Administration and furthered by the Carter Administration's decision to establish diplomatic relations, has spurred a rapid increase in Sino-U.S. trade. While still small relative to overall U.S. foreign trade, the volume of trade represents an abrupt shift from the no-trade policy that had been pursued since 1950. Despite the rapid expansion, outstanding issues remain as serious barriers to normalized trade. Resolution of those issues may require concession or accommodations by the Chinese leadership as well as action by both the U.S. Congress and the Executive Branch. However, the development of a new approach to foreign economic relations by the post-Mao Chinese leadership and the establishment of diplomatic relations have laid the ground work for a further expansion of commercial relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land Disposal Policies of the Principal Federal Land Management Agencies

Land Disposal Policies of the Principal Federal Land Management Agencies

Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Huston, Cynthia E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology: Commercialization of Academic Research

Biotechnology: Commercialization of Academic Research

Date: October 26, 1981
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: This report provides an overview of the commercialization of academic research h in the field of biotechnology. It offers a brief definition, background and policy analysis, as well as legislation and hearings regarding the topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Warfare: A Primer on Agents, Munitions, and Defensive Measures

Chemical Warfare: A Primer on Agents, Munitions, and Defensive Measures

Date: April 27, 1981
Creator: Kallis, E.M.
Description: The recent Department of Defense proposal to develop a capability to modernize and expand the current U.S. chemical warfare munition stocks with binary nerve agent munitions has focused attention on the subject of chemical warfare. This paper provides a brief introductory discussion of modern chemical warfare, describing the types of agents, delivery methods, and defense against chemical agents. It does not discuss policy, strategy, tactics, or disarmament aspects of chemical warfare. These issues w i l l be covered i n CRS Issue Brief IB 8l08l .
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Abortion: Judicial and Legislative Control

Abortion: Judicial and Legislative Control

Date: October 13, 1981
Creator: Lewis, Karen J.; Rosenberg, Morton & Porter, Allison I.
Description: In 1973 the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Constitution protects a woman's decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy, Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, and that a State may not unduly burden the exercise of that fundamental right by regulations that prohibit or substantially limit access to the means of effectuating that decision, Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179. But rather than settling the issue, the Court's rulings have kindled heated debate and precipitated a variety of governmental actions at the national, State and local levels designed either to nullify the rulings or hinder their effectuation. This brief discusses this ongoing issue, including related legislation and judicial history.
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Soft Versus Hard Energy Paths: An Analysis of the Debate

Soft Versus Hard Energy Paths: An Analysis of the Debate

Date: March 1, 1981
Creator: Marcus, Gail H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assessing the Options for Preserving ICBM Survivability

Assessing the Options for Preserving ICBM Survivability

Date: September 28, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The decision on how to redress the perceived vulnerability of U.S. intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMS) is the most controversial strategic nuclear weapon decision now facing the 97th Congress. A full-scale debate on this issue, especially as regards MX missile basing, seems certain. To assist Members of Congress in the debate, this paper discusses nine proposals for treating ICBM survivability: Recognize that ICBMs are invulnerable, rely only on bombers and submarines for deterrence, deploy a large or scaled-down shell-game multiple shelter system, defend MX with anti ballistic missiles, launch ICBMs on warning of attack, deploy MX on aircraft or small submarines, and diversify strategic forces, perhaps using small ICBMs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives

The MX Basing Debate: The Reagan Plan and Alternatives

Date: November 2, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the Reagan MX basing plan, and the FY82 Defense authorization bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program

MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program

Date: December 14, 1981
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the MX Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM),which is designed to be the most lethal strategic ballistic missile in the world. The missile was developed by the U.S. Air Force to augment the capabilities of the presently deployed ICBM force, which together with Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs) and manned strategic bomber aircraft form the triad of U.S. strategic nuclear offensive forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bomber Options for Replacing B52s

Bomber Options for Replacing B52s

Date: June 17, 1981
Creator: Mitchell, Douglas D
Description: One of the main issues discussed in this report is the replacement of the B-52 bombers, due to the fact that many believe that by 1990, the B-52's vulnerability to improving Soviet air defenses will imperil its effectiveness as a penetrating bomber.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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