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Encryption: Frequently Asked Questions

Encryption: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: unknown
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report discusses encryption, which is a process to secure information from unwanted access or use. Encryption uses the art of cryptography to change information which can be read (plaintext) and make it so that it cannot be read (ciphertext).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act's (UMRA's) implementation. It also discusses particular mandates and procedures associated with UMRA, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union

Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union

Date: July 14, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.; Akhtar, Shayerah I. & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the possible economic implications for the United States and the global economy of an exit from the European Union (EU) by the United Kingdom (UK), commonly referred to as Brexit. It offers background information on possible implications of the vote to leave the EU, an overview of U.S.-UK trade and investment relations, and various estimates of Brexit's financial implications for the U.S. and global economies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Private Flood Insurance in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Private Flood Insurance in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

Date: October 12, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird & Horn, Diane P.
Description: This report briefly discusses federal law regarding flood insurance. By law or regulation, federal agencies, federally-regulated lending institutions, and government-sponsored enterprises must require certain property owners to purchase flood insurance as a condition of any mortgage that these entities make, guarantee, or purchase.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zika Poses New Challenges for Blood Centers

Zika Poses New Challenges for Blood Centers

Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. S. & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report examines recent steps being taken to prevent the spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the blood supply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Liou, Wayne
Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding Social Security recipients that usually receive an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 Defense Spending Under an Interim Continuing Resolution (CR): In Brief

FY2017 Defense Spending Under an Interim Continuing Resolution (CR): In Brief

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Wees, Darren P.
Description: This report provides a basic discussion of interim "continuing resolutions" (CRs) and highlights some specific issues for the Department of Defense (DOD) under a CR. It also provides a brief look at selected FY2017 defense programs that could be affected by a CR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evolution of the Meaning of "Waters of the United States" in the Clean Water Act

Evolution of the Meaning of "Waters of the United States" in the Clean Water Act

Date: August 12, 2016
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report outlines how the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 (BCTPAA) regulates the eligibility of covered trade agreements for expedited consideration, describes the operation of the statutory expedited procedures for considering implementing bills, and discusses how Congress may use the procedural mechanisms established by the act, as well as other pertinent rules of each chamber, to retain a substantial measure of control over legislation to implement covered trade agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: 114th Congress Issues

Energy Policy: 114th Congress Issues

Date: September 30, 2016
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions; it highlights various market failures production and consumption of energy, and discusses possible interventions. The report concludes with an analysis of the current status of energy tax policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A New Aid Package for Israel

A New Aid Package for Israel

Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses potential legislation that could impact the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on U.S. assistance to Israel as the countries continue to negotiate terms for the period FY2019-FY2028.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Date: July 13, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report focuses on the sections of the House and Senate versions of the Fiscal Year 2017 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4909 and S. 2943, respectively) that appear closely linked to the respective armed services committees' stated efforts to reform the acquisition system. For purposes of this analysis, CRS selected 31 sections of the House bill and 67 sections of the Senate bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: September 12, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2016 Rio Games: Anti-Doping Testing

2016 Rio Games: Anti-Doping Testing

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report discusses the the anti-doping testing program during the 2016 Summer Olympics. Responsibility for the rests with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The testing period began July 24, 2016, when the Olympic village opened, and continues through August 21, 2016, the date of the closing ceremony.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sea-Level Rise and U.S. Coasts: Science and Policy Considerations

Sea-Level Rise and U.S. Coasts: Science and Policy Considerations

Date: September 12, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report provides information for policymakers that are interested in sea-level rise because of the risk to coastal populations and infrastructure and the consequences for coastal species and ecosystems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act's (UMRA's) implementation. It also discusses particular mandates and procedures associated with UMRA, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 114th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 114th Congress

Date: September 9, 2016
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Argueta, Carla N.; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Garcia, Michael John; Kandel, William A. & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses border security, interior enforcement, visa security, asylum, and other immigration-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 9, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), which is an Army-led, multi-service initiative to develop a family of light tactical vehicles as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs). It includes background information; a description of the JLTV program, program history, and program activities; information about the JLTV contract, Lockheed Martin's protest to the program, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Date: August 8, 2016
Creator: Wyatt, Alexandra M.
Description: This report provides legal background on the Clean Power Plan rule (CPP or Rule) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), its Clean Air Act (CAA) framework under Section 111, and climate-related lawsuits that have preceded the present litigation over the CPP. It then gives an overview of the participants in the current litigation, including two groups of Members of Congress, who have offered briefs in support of the petitioners and the respondents, respectively.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Burga, Casey
Description: This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees' operations and costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Elias, Bart & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report briefly discusses how the U.S. government fashions and uses the Terrorist Screening Database (TSDB). It also discusses how the federal government engages in two travel-related screening processes--visa screening and air passenger screening. Both processes involve subsets of the Terrorist Screening Database.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: June 30, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. Legislative initiatives in the 114th Congress are noted throughout the report, and four appendixes provide a listing of enacted measures, bills receiving some action in 2015, bills seeing action in 2016, and additional bills and resolution this Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information on the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), which is the Army's proposed replacement to the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How a National Infrastructure Bank Might Work

How a National Infrastructure Bank Might Work

Date: September 15, 2016
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses the national infrastructure and ways to provide low-cost, long-term loans for the propose of increasing federal infrastructure investment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Much Slack Remains in the Labor Market?

How Much Slack Remains in the Labor Market?

Date: August 5, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: The amount of "slack" in the labor market--jobless or underemployed workers--has consequences for the appropriate stance of monetary policy, the future path of the budget deficit, and counter-cyclical spending on programs such as unemployment insurance. This report briefly examines this concept in the context of the current economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department