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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1930-1939
 Collection: USDA Farmers' Bulletins
Grasshoppers and Their Control

Grasshoppers and Their Control

Date: 1939
Creator: Parker, J. R.
Description: "Grasshoppers in a single year have destroyed crops valued at over a hundred million dollars. The best way to prevent losses is the use of poisoned bait supplemented by tillage and seeding methods which restrict egg laying and imprison the young grasshoppers in the ground after they hatch. Bait is most effective while grasshoppers are still on their hatching grounds or massed along field margins. It should be put out when grasshoppers are doing their first feeding of the day. This usually occurs between 6 and 10 a.m. at temperatures of 70° to 80°F. Bait should not be spread unless grasshoppers are actively feeding. In mixing and distributing the poisoned bait care should be taken to prevent injury to persons and farm animals. Seeding grain only on plowed or summer-fallowed ground and plowing infested stubble before the eggs hatch greatly reduces the quantity of bait needed for control and decreases the liability of crop injury. Cooperation in the use of control methods by all the farmers in a community is necessary for best results." -- p. i
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crops Against the Wind on the Southern Great Plains

Crops Against the Wind on the Southern Great Plains

Date: 1939
Creator: Rule, Glenn K. (Glenn Kenton), 1893-
Description: "This bulletin briefly traces the circumstances which have created the soil problems in the southern Great Plains and shows how the hand of man has hastened present troubles. But it goes further and deals with the methods now being used to solve the problem on nature's own terms." -- p. 2-3. Some of the solutions discussed include contour farming, terraces, water conservation techniques, crop lines, and revegetation.
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Culture and Pests of Field Peas

Culture and Pests of Field Peas

Date: 1938
Creator: McKee, Roland & Schoth, H. A. (Harry August), b. 1891
Description: This bulletin discusses the culture of the field and diseases and insects which commonly afflict it. Diseases discussed include leaf spot, stem blight, bacterial blight, left blotch, powdery mildew, downy mildew, anthracnose, fusarium wilt, root rot, and mosaic. The pea weevil, aphid, and moth are the insects discussed, as well as the nematode.
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Hotbeds and Coldframes

Hotbeds and Coldframes

Date: 1935
Creator: W. R. (William Renwick) Beattie, b. 1870
Description: This bulletin describes the uses of hotbeds and coldframes in starting early plants. The hotbeds discussed include manure hotbeds, fuel-heated beds, and electric heating in beds and greenhouses. Coverings and care and maintenance are also discussed. Possible plants for early growth include tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, squashes, cucumbers, muskmelons, lettuce, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and celery.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Date: 1932
Creator: Ellenberger, W. P. & Chapin, Robert M.
Description: Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Date: 1930
Creator: Ellenberger, W. P. & Chapin, Robert M.
Description: Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chestnut Blight

Chestnut Blight

Date: 1930
Creator: Gravatt, G. F. & Gill, L. S.
Description: "Chestnut blight, caused by a fungus brought into this country from Asia before 1904, is responsible for the death of millions of acres of chestnut growth in New England and the Middle Atlantic States. The disease spread rapidly to nearly all parts of the range of the native chestnut, and the remaining stands of the southern Appalachians face certain destruction. The present known distribution, its symptoms, and the fungus that causes the disease are described. The blight fungus itself does not have any effect upon the strength of chestnut timber, and blight-killed trees can be utilized for poles, posts, cordwood, lumber, and extract wood. Search is being made for native and foreign chestnuts resistant to the disease in the hope of finding a tree suitable for replacing the rapidly disappearing stands. Seedlings of Asiatic chestnuts, which have considerable natural resistance even though not immune, are being tested in the United States." -- p. ii
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Farmer Looks Ahead

The Farmer Looks Ahead

Date: 1937
Creator: United States. Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Description: This bulletin provides criteria by which farmers may determine how much they should plan to produce in a given year. There "are four major yardsticks: 1) How much should farmers produce, thinking only of the requirements of domestic consumers, plus; 2) What they can expect to ship to foreign countries in the next few years? 3) How much should they produce, thinking only of the requirements of soil conservation? 4) How much should farmers produce, thinking only of their incomes?" -- p. 3
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Practice with Lespedeza

Farm Practice with Lespedeza

Date: 1934
Creator: Miller, H. A.
Description: "The use of lespedeza as a farm crop has rapidly increased during the past few years. The increase in the use of lespedeza is due partly to the excellent results that have been obtained by the farmers who have been growing the Common variety, for hay and for pasture and soil improvement, but more particularly to the introduction of some new varieties that produce better yields, are adapted to a wider range of climatic conditions, and are generally better suited to the needs of the average farm than is the Common variety. This bulletin is based on information collected from farmers located in the States of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky who are growing lespedeza regularly as a farm crop. The information includes methods of seeding, varieties used, the place in the cropping system usually occupied by lespedeza, and practices that have developed in connection with the production and use of the crop in these States." -- p. 1
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Infectious Anemia (Swamp Fever)

Infectious Anemia (Swamp Fever)

Date: 1938
Creator: Gochenour, William S. (William Sylva), b. 1891; Stein, C. D. (Clarence Dinsmore), b. 1889 & Osteen, Oswald L. (Oswald Lamont), b. 1908
Description: Infectious anemia (which is also known as swamp fever) is a disease which afflicts horses and mules and results in significant financial losses for farms every year. This bulletin discusses the causes and forms of the disease, the accompanying anatomical changes in infected animals, the diagnostic process, and control measures which can be taken to prevent further spread of this serious illness.
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Improving the Farm Environment for Wild Life

Improving the Farm Environment for Wild Life

Date: 1934
Creator: Grange, Wallace B. (Wallace Byron), 1905-1987 & McAtee, W. L. (Waldo Lee), 1883-1962
Description: This bulletin discusses how farmers can improve their environment for wild life and game animals. Farmers should provide cover for wild life, ensure an adequate and continuous food supply, and take measures to protect wild life from farm operations, birds of prey, cats and dogs, diseases, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Making Lime on the Farm

Making Lime on the Farm

Date: 1938
Creator: Kessler, N. A.
Description: "The farmer can buy lime from commercial sources in the form and degree of purity desired; he can produce his own if he has a convenient supply of raw material; or he can cooperate with his neighbors in working a deposit. This bulletin deals with factors which should be considered by a farmer or a group of farmers before investing in equipment for obtaining lime from limestone or marl." -- p. 1
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Seed Corn

Seed Corn

Date: 1939
Creator: Jenkins, Merle T.
Description: "This bulletin discusses the essentials in the selection and care of seed of open-pollinated varieties of corn. It is intended primarily for the grower who maintains and seriously endeavors to improve his locally adapted strain of open-pollinated corn by careful mass selection." -- p. 1
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil Defense in the Northeast

Soil Defense in the Northeast

Date: 1938
Creator: Rule, Glenn K. (Glenn Kenton), 1893-
Description: This bulletin discusses methods of soil conservation in the northeastern United States that can prevent erosion. Soil conservation practices vary with the type of agriculture being used. In addition to general farming, conservation for dairying, orcharding, market gardening, and single-crop farming are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sand-Dune Reclamation in the Southern Great Plains

Sand-Dune Reclamation in the Southern Great Plains

Date: 1939
Creator: Whitfield, Charles J. & Perrin, John A.
Description: "Among the most striking manifestations of the destruction of soils and crops by the windstorms of recent years are the gigantic sand dunes that have formed on some of the lighter soils of the Great Plains. Specialists of the Soil Conservation Service who were assigned to a study of the problem have been successful in devising methods by which these immense piles of sand, which have covered cultivated lands and good native sod, can be leveled and stabilized. Of still greater value to the farmers and ranchers in areas subject to this soil shifting are the methods of cultivation and land use that recent study and experiments have revealed as the best means of protection against the formation of dunes. This bulletin is written for the benefit of those farmers and ranchers who are faced with the problem of protecting their lands against possible damage from dune formation of with the more immediate problem of restoring lands that have been made temporarily useless by the invasion of these monstrous wind-blown piles of sand." -- p. i
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saving Soil with Sod in the Ohio Valley Region

Saving Soil with Sod in the Ohio Valley Region

Date: 1939
Creator: Welton, Kenneth
Description: Clearing of forests, overgrazing, and soil erosion have greatly depleted the soil of the Ohio Valley in the United States. Farmers should implement agricultural practices that encourage the growth of sod, which has the potential to restore the soil. "The use of grass in increasing the productivity of farm land, in conserving soil on pasture and cropland, and in protecting smaller eroded or erodible areas is discussed in this bulletin." -- p. i
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terracing for Soil and Water Conservation

Terracing for Soil and Water Conservation

Date: 1938
Creator: Hamilton, C. L.
Description: This bulletin describes terracing methods that are able to combat soil erosion and conserve water. There are three types of terraces (drainage, absorptive, and bench) and plans, specifications, construction practices are provided in the bulletin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrace Outlets and Farm Drainageways

Terrace Outlets and Farm Drainageways

Date: 1939
Creator: Hamilton, C. L.
Description: "This bulletin is a compilation of the best information now available for farmers on the construction and use of terrace outlets and the protection, improvement, and maintenance of other sloping drainageways. The term "drainageways" as used in this bulletin refers primarily to channels of surface drainage in the upper reaches of watersheds or in unit drainage basins. 'Outlet' is a more restricted term and refers only to drainageways that are provided to receive and convey the discharge from the ends of terraces. The scope of this material is limited to surface runoff-disposal measures required in upland or rolling terrain where slopes are steep enough to cause channel erosion. It does not cover surface drainage or underdrainage of flatlands where natural drainage is inadequate." -- p. ii
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Native and Adapted Grasses for Conservation of Soil and Moisture in the Great Plains and Western States

Native and Adapted Grasses for Conservation of Soil and Moisture in the Great Plains and Western States

Date: 1939
Creator: Hoover, Max M. (Max Manley), 1895-
Description: "The information given in this bulletin should enable farmers in the Great Plains and Western States to select from the more common species of grasses some one or more suited to their needs [for soil and water conservation]. Common harvesting equipment and farm machinery can be adapted to the proper handling of native grasses. This brings the cost of such work within the means of most farmers." -- p. i. Among the grasses discussed are wheatgrass, buffalo grass, bluestem, grama, Bermuda grass, wild rye, hilaria, Sudan grass, bluegrass, panic grasses, dropseed, and needlegrass.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildlife Conservation Through Erosion Control in the Piedmont

Wildlife Conservation Through Erosion Control in the Piedmont

Date: 1937
Creator: Stevens, Ross O.
Description: "Erosion has left scars on a majority of farms in the Southeast. Too poor to produce crops, the eroding spots are usually abandoned. Unless they are treated to stop further washing of the soil they grow steadily larger and continually rob the farmer of more of his land. Fortunately, soil conservation and wildlife management can be effectively combined, and otherwise worthless areas made to produce a crop of game, fur bearers, and other desirable types of wildlife. The general principles of wildlife management on the farm are described in Farmers' Bulletins 1719 and 1759. The purpose of this bulletin is to show how gullies, terrace outlets, waterways, eroding field borders, pastures, and woodlands in the Piedmont region may be protected against erosion through the use of vegetation that will also provide food and cover for wildlife." -- p. ii
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil Defense in the South

Soil Defense in the South

Date: 1938
Creator: Rowalt, E. M.
Description: "This bulletin describes farming practices that conserve soil, and how such practices may be applied to farms in a large part of the South. Its scope is limited to that part of the Cotton Belt extending west from the Georgia-Alabama line to central Texas and southern Oklahoma." -- p. i.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preventing Soil Blowing on the Southern Great Plains

Preventing Soil Blowing on the Southern Great Plains

Date: 1937
Creator: Chilcott, E. F. (Ellery Franklin), 1885-
Description: "Soil blowing is often a serious problem from December to May [in the Southern Great Plains], when the soil is, in many cases, bare and winds are high. This period is often referred to as the 'blow season.' The whole art of preventing and controlling soil blowing consists in keeping nonblowing materials on the surface. These may be crops, crop residues, or clods. When crops are absent, the essential feature in preventing soil blowing is the use of implements that lift clods and other nonblowing materials to the surface rather than implements that pulverize or destroy them.... Since tillage is dependent on implements, it seems of first importance to consider the implements that may be used to discuss their merits and shortcomings in relation to soil blowing.... From the general principles stated and the specific examples of implement use given, most farmers can probably decide on the correct applications for their farms." -- p. 1-3
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Muscadine Grapes

Muscadine Grapes

Date: 1938
Creator: Dearing, Charles
Description: "Muscadine grapes are indigenous to the southeastern section of the United States, where they grow in greater or less profusion in the wild state. Through careful selection from the wild grapes and scientific breeding there have been developed a considerable number of varieties particularly adapted to the home needs in the Southeast, both as table grapes and as raw material for a variety of food and beverage products. Not being resistant to low winter temperatures they do not thrive in the northern grape districts. Muscadines are relatively resistant to grape diseases and insect pests and do well with a minimum of care, but, like most fruits, respond favorably to good cultural treatment. This bulletin sets forth in nontechnical form the information accumulated by the Department [of Agriculture] over a considerable period of years on muscadine grape varieties, their bleeding, culture, and uses." -- p. ii
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Implements and Methods of Tillage to Control Soil Blowing on the Northern Great Plains

Implements and Methods of Tillage to Control Soil Blowing on the Northern Great Plains

Date: 1938
Creator: Cole, John S. (John Selden) & Morgan, George W.
Description: This bulletin tools and methods of tilling which can help reduce or control soil blowing and soil erosion on farms in the northern Great Plains of the United States. Among the crops discussed with relation to tilling methods are beans, corn, sorghum, potatoes, alfalfa, and sweet clover.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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