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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1940-1949
 Collection: USDA Farmers' Bulletins
Brucellosis of Cattle (Bang's Disease, Infectious Abortion)

Brucellosis of Cattle (Bang's Disease, Infectious Abortion)

Date: 1941
Creator: Eichhorn, A. & Crawford, A. B.
Description: This bulletin discusses the infectious disease common in cattle called brucellosis (also known as Bang's disease), which causes abortion. The causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of the disease are discussed as well as various treatments, prevention and control measures, and attempts at eradication.
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Bacterial Wilt of Corn

Bacterial Wilt of Corn

Date: 1941
Creator: Elliott, Charlotte
Description: This bulletin discusses bacterial wilt, which is a destructive disease of corn and is particularly destructive to sweet corn. It describes the causes and symptoms of the disease, methods of transmission, the effect of weather, and control measures.
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Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Cattle-Fever Ticks and Methods of Eradication

Date: 1940
Creator: Ellenberger, W. P. & Chapin, Robert M.
Description: Revised edition. This bulletin discusses the cattle-fever tick and methods for controlling it. Possible methods include dipping, pasture rotation, and arsenical dips. The life history of the tick is also discussed and instructions for constructing a concrete vat are given.
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Foundations for Farm Buildings

Foundations for Farm Buildings

Date: 1941
Creator: Miller, Thomas A. H. & Molander, Edward G.
Description: This bulletin discusses different ways of constructing the foundations of farm buildings. "The following general recommendations point out common errors and are intended to assist farmers to provide suitable foundations for ordinary farm structures except where unusual soil conditions are found. The foundation of a farm building may consist of (1) continuous walls, (2) a series of piers either built in place or precast, (3) a combination of walls and piers, (4) a concrete slab laid on the ground, (5) wood posts, or (6) wood sills. The essential features necessary for the successful use of the various types are discussed under the above headings; also the thickness of walls and dimensions of piers for medium-sized structures other than heavy storages are suggested. Requirements for cellar walls are given on pages 18-21. It is necessary that foundation footings be made wide enough to support the structure on the kind of soil to be built on. The characteristics and bearing power of various soils are given on p. 3. The general method of calculating the weight on footings is given on pages 38-44. It can be used where buildings are heavy or are of a different character from those described under Types ...
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Improving Range Conditions for Wartime Livestock Production

Improving Range Conditions for Wartime Livestock Production

Date: 1942
Creator: Renner, Frederic Gordon, 1897- & Johnson, E. A.
Description: "The improvement of range lands to meet the demands for increased livestock production for war purposes is highly important. To bring about the greatest improvement with the least expense it is necessary to know what kinds of range lands will best respond to improvement measures. This bulletin discusses range conditions and describes that characteristics of soil and forage by which the rancher may determine which of his lands are in need of improvement." -- p. i
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Ponds for Wildlife

Ponds for Wildlife

Date: 1941
Creator: Allan, Philip Farley, 1909- & Davis, Cecil N.
Description: "The first purpose of this bulletin is to show how farmers and ranchers may protect their ponds from sedimentation, soil erosion, and water loss through the use of vegetation suitable as food and shelter for wildlife; the second is to give some information on the management of wildlife in farm ponds. Unless otherwise stated, the information contained in this bulletin pertains to the water area, or pond proper, and the pond area, or the land immediately adjacent to the pond and ordinarily contained within a fence." -- p. ii
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Stock-Water Developments: Wells, Springs, and Ponds

Stock-Water Developments: Wells, Springs, and Ponds

Date: 1940
Creator: Hamilton, C. L. (Clifford Leslie), 1904- & Jepson, Hans G.
Description: "The need for effective utilization of grazing areas and the scarcity of stock water have led to unprecedented activity in the development of water supplies during the last few years as a part of conservation practices in range and pasture areas. Economical construction, planned distribution, and adequacy of stock-watering centers are essential to profitable grazing enterprises. Inadequate coordination of stock-water developments with necessary conservation practices and the improper location or construction of these facilities have made many water supplies unsatisfactory. This bulletin deals with the requirements and development of stock-water supplies suitable for grazing areas." -- p. ii
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Stubble-Mulch Farming for Soil Defense

Stubble-Mulch Farming for Soil Defense

Date: 1942
Creator: Carter, L. S. (Logan Sampson), 1906- & McDole, G. R.
Description: "Stubble-mulch farming, spectacular in its recent spread across the West, has sound scientific support. In one form or another, it has been demonstrating its advantages on experimental plots and in isolated field trials for many years. It is a practice that furthers the highest crop and livestock production compatible with the principle of soil security. It is a simple but effective method that will help us to avoid in the present emergency the disastrous aftermaths of the plow-up program of the 1920's. Materials for mulching are at hand -- products of the land itself -- waiting to be used for the retention of crop-making moisture and soil. Equipment can be bought on the market, or it can be rigged up by the farmer himself. Stubble-mulch farming can be fitted into a general conservation system -- applied to grain fields, row-crop land, and strip-croppered areas. It is flexible and economical, requires less mule power or machine power." -- p. ii
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Strip Cropping for War Production

Strip Cropping for War Production

Date: 1943
Creator: Tower, Harold E. & Gardner, Harry H.
Description: "In the nation's effort to produce adequate quantities of all agricultural products to meet the war needs of the United Nations, conservation assumes added importance. Advancements in the management of croplands to conserve soil and moisture, which have come about in recent years as a result of experimentation and the experiences of many farmers, show that conservation increases crop yields. Strip cropping is one of the conservation practices. In its various forms and patterns, it is applicable to a large area of the United States. With the farmer rests the major responsibility of obtaining conservation on the land. Each farmer should examine for himself the need of strip cropping his cultivated land and in doing so should find the information contained in this bulletin helpful. The kinds of strip cropping, the factors influencing their use, methods of application, value in conserving soil and moisture, and the adaptation of strip cropping to the northeastern and north-central, the southeastern and western Gulf, the Great Plains, and the far Western States are discussed." -- p. ii
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Small Irrigation Pumping Plants

Small Irrigation Pumping Plants

Date: 1940
Creator: Rohwer, Carl & Lewis, M. R. (Mortimer Reed), 1886-
Description: "Throughout the United States are many farms, parts or all of which could be irrigated by pumping from either ponds or streams or farm wells. This bulletin is intended to furnish owners or operators of such farms with information that will give them some indication of initial and operating costs and enable them to determine whether soil and water suitable for irrigation are available and what kind of irrigation plant and equipment will be most satisfactory for their purpose. Having examined these factors, a farmer can decide whether irrigation is likely to be profitable on his farm." -- p. i
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Toward Soil Security on the Northern Great Plains

Toward Soil Security on the Northern Great Plains

Date: 1941
Creator: Rule, Glenn K. (Glenn Kenton), 1893-
Description: "This bulletin deals with soil and water conservation problems which relate to agriculture of the northern Great Plains [of the United States]." -- p. i. "The major portion of this bulletin, beginning on page 18, is devoted to a discussion of the controls and cures for land misuse. These suggested practices, in the main, represent the methods of control that are now being used in the several demonstration areas of the Soil Conservation Service. The use of these practices in a few specific demonstration areas is included in the section beginning on page 47. The last section (p. 76) points out a democratic procedure whereby landowners and operators may effect a more appropriate use of the land through soil conservation districts." -- p. 2
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The Turnip Aphid in the Southern States and Methods for Its Control

The Turnip Aphid in the Southern States and Methods for Its Control

Date: 1941
Creator: Allen, Norman, 1900- & Harrison, P. K. (Perry Kips), b. 1891
Description: "The turnip aphid is one of the most destructive and widely distributed pests of turnip, mustard, radish, and related crops in the United States. It causes heavy losses to growers of these crops every year, especially in the Southern States. Dust mixtures containing derris, cube, or nicotine, and sprays containing derris or cube, will control the turnip aphid when applied properly. The first application of insecticides should be made when the plants are very small, and additional applications should be made at intervals of 7 to 14 days up to the time of harvest. To provide for effective application of insecticides, the seed of susceptible crops should be planted in drills, with the rows spaced uniformly apart. The following cultural practices aid in the successful production of crops exposed to turnip aphid attack: (1) A well-prepared, fertile seedbed to produce thrifty and rapidly growing plants, (2) planting the seed in drills to permit cultivation, (3) harvesting early to shorten the period of exposure to infestation, (4) destroying crop remnants to eliminate a common sources of infestation to succeeding crops, and (5) applying a nitrogenous fertilizer to stimulate plant growth." -- p. ii
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The Pea Aphid on Peas and Methods for Its Control

The Pea Aphid on Peas and Methods for Its Control

Date: 1943
Creator: Dudley, J. E. & Bronson, T. E.
Description: "The pea aphid is present wherever peas are grown in the United States and is one of the most serious insect enemies of this important food crop. It has many generations a year, and under favorable conditions large and destructive populations of the pest may develop in a relatively short time. Natural enemies cannot be depended on for effective control, and therefore insecticides must be applied when threatening infestations of the aphid develop. Several insecticides and methods for their use are discussed in this bulletin. The choice of these will depend on local conditions, including the type of machinery and insecticide available, but any of them will be effective if applied as directed." -- p. i
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Persian Clover

Persian Clover

Date: 1943
Creator: Hollowell, E. A. (Eugene Amos)
Description: This bulletin discusses the cultivation of Persian clover, a forage crop for both feed and green manure in the southern United States. Fertilizer requirements and seed production are among the topics discussed.
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Wood Fuel in Wartime

Wood Fuel in Wartime

Date: 1942
Creator: Hall, Robert T. & Dickerman, M. B. (Murlyn Bennet), 1912-
Description: This bulletin promotes and discusses the use of wood for fuel in the United States in order to aid wartime efforts during World War II. It describes sources of wood for fuel and the labor requirements for wood production and harvesting.
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More Food Through Conservation Farming

More Food Through Conservation Farming

Date: 1943
Creator: Semple, Arthur T. (Arthur Truman), 1895-
Description: Revised edition. "This bulletin discusses in general the ways in which conservation measures increase crop production, improve pasture and range, and maintain the productivity of the soil." -- p. i. Many of these topics are discussed with regard to the war production efforts undertaken by the federal government of the United States during the World War II Era.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil Defense in the Pacific Southwest

Soil Defense in the Pacific Southwest

Date: 1940
Creator: Rule, Glenn K. (Glenn Kenton), 1893- & Netterstrom, Ralph W.
Description: "The Pacific Southwest, as considered in this bulletin, embraces the two States -- California and Nevada. Evidences of soil and water losses are briefly touched upon, as are the factors contributing to these losses. The bulk of the bulletin deals with measures of defense that are now being employed on farms and range land within project areas of the Soil Conservation Service and in areas where members of Civilian Conservation Corps camps have been assigned to erosion-control activities." -- p. i. Some of the measures discussed include the use of cover crops, contour farming, crop rotation, subsoiling, strip cropping, and terracing.
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Muscadine Grapes

Muscadine Grapes

Date: 1947
Creator: Dearing, Charles
Description: Revised edition. "Muscadine grapes, which are native to the southeastern part of the United States, thrive in most soils of that region. They can be grown successfully in the Southeastern States, where American bunch grapes do not thrive. furthermore, they are suitable for home gardens as well as for commercial use. In fact they are perhaps the most satisfactory of all fruits for the home garden in this region. They cannot be grown, hoever, where temperatures as low as 0 °F occur habitually and may be injured at somewhat higher temperatures. Muscadine grapes are relatively uninjured by diseases and insects and produce well with a minimum of care, but they resopnd favorably to the good cultural practices recommended in this bulletin. The varieties described or listed produce fruit suitable for making unfermented juice, wine, jelly, and other culinary products and for eating fresh over a long season." -- p. ii
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Regrassing for Soil Protection in the Southwest

Regrassing for Soil Protection in the Southwest

Date: 1942
Creator: Flory, Evan L. & Marshall, Charles G.
Description: "This bulletin is designed to help the stockmen and farmers, of the Southwest [United States] particularly, in reestablishing depleted ranges where unfavorable climatic conditions and heavy demands on the range have served to make improvement of the range by natural means a slow and difficult process. It discusses the latest methods of artificial revegetation that have proved most effective in regrassing the ranges. It also discusses the more promising grasses and indicates that areas to which they are adapted. It explains the latest methods for harvesting seed and establishing grass on various sites under a wide range of conditions as to elevation, temperature, rainfall, and soils." -- p. i
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The City Home Garden

The City Home Garden

Date: 1942
Creator: Beattie, W. R. (William Renwick), b. 1870
Description: Revised edition. "Fresh vegetables for an average family may be grown upon a large back yard or city lot.... Thousands of acres of idle land that may be used for gardens are still available within the boundaries of our large cities. Some of the problems that confront the city gardener are more difficult than those connected with the farm garden, and it is the object of this bulletin to discuss these problems from a practical standpoint." -- p. 2. Soil preparation, tools, seeding, watering, diseases and pests, and space issues are all discussed and brief descriptions of several vegetables are given.
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Feeding Horses

Feeding Horses

Date: 1941
Creator: Bell, George A. (George Arthur), b. 1879 & Williams, J. O.
Description: Revised edition. "This bulletin explains the computation of rations for horses, suggests certain feed combinations which approximately meet the needs of horses under differing conditions, and reviews such factors of feeding as tend to make the horse more efficient." -- p. ii
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Feeding Horses

Feeding Horses

Date: 1945
Creator: Williams, J. O. & Ellis, N. R.
Description: Revised edition. "This bulletin suggests certain combinations which approximately meet the needs of horses under varying conditions and reviews such factors of feeding as tend to make the horse more efficient." -- p. ii
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Strawberry Culture: Western United States

Strawberry Culture: Western United States

Date: 1941
Creator: Darrow, George M. (George McMillan), 1889- & Waldo, George F. (George Fordyce), b. 1898
Description: Revised edition. "This bulletin applies both to the western portions of the United States in which ordinary farm crops are grown largely under irrigation and to western Oregon and Washington where irrigation is not essential for strawberry production but may be profitable. It describes methods practiced in the more important commercial strawberry-growing districts of the West; it aims to aid those persons familiar only with local and perhaps unsatisfactory methods, as well as inexperienced prospective growers. The fundamental principles of the irrigation of strawberries are substantially the same as those of irrigating other crops. Details must necessarily be governed largely by the character of the crop grown. Because strawberries in the humid areas frequently suffer from drought, which causes heavy losses in the developing fruit, the information may prove helpful to many growers in those areas who could install irrigation systems at small expense. This bulletin gives information on soils and their preparation, different training systems, propagation, planting, culture, the leading varieties, harvesting, shipping, and utilization." -- p. ii
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Strawberry Culture: Western United States

Strawberry Culture: Western United States

Date: 1948
Creator: Darrow, George M. (George McMillan), 1889- & Waldo, George F. (George Fordyce), b. 1898
Description: Revised edition. "Strawberries can be grown in those parts of the western Untied States in which ordinary farm crops are irrigated as well as in western Oregon and Washington, where irrigation is not essential but may be profitable. The principles of irrigating strawberries are essentially the same as those for other crops. Because strawberries are sensitive to the alkali salts that irrigation brings to the surface, such salts must be washed out or skimmed off. The strawberry grower, after choosing a suitable site and preparing the soil carefully, should select varieties adapted to his district and needs. He should use plants that are disease-free. In California, southern Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas the plants should have undergone a rest period. Usually the growers plant during the period of greatest rainfall. By using the recommended systems of training and care before, during, and after setting of the plants and the suggested methods of decreasing diseases and insect pests, he should obtain better yields. A grower can furnish consumers a better product by using good methods of harvesting and shipment. He can prolong the fresh-fruit season only a little by the use of cold storage, but he can extend his market by ...
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