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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1970-1979
 Year: 1976
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Uses of Advanced Pulsed Neutron Sources. Report of a Workshop Held at Argonne National Laboratory, October 21-24, 1975

Uses of Advanced Pulsed Neutron Sources. Report of a Workshop Held at Argonne National Laboratory, October 21-24, 1975

Date: 1976?
Creator: Carpenter, S. A.
Description: This report contains the conclusions that were drawn by nine panels of scientists in the fields of Biology; Chemical Spectroscopy; Chemical Structures of Crystalline Solids; Chemical Structures of Disordered Solids and Inhomogeneous Systems; Dynamics of Solids, Liquids, Glasses, and Gases; Magnetism; Neutron Sources; and Radiation Effects. The nine panel reports describe the applications found in these scientific areas, accompanying them with conceptual instruments designed for the measurements and with calculations to establish feasibility.
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The Changeable Interaction between Soils and Pressure Cells: Tests and Reviews at the Waterways Experiment Station

The Changeable Interaction between Soils and Pressure Cells: Tests and Reviews at the Waterways Experiment Station

Date: June 1976
Creator: Hvorslev, Mikael Juul
Description: Partial abstract: "The principal subjects of the report are the often neglected changes in the interaction of soil and pressure cells with consequent changes in relative errors in cell registrations. The report contains (a) a brief account of the development and use of soil pressure cells; (b) a review of proposed theories for soil-cell interaction; (c) a delayed account of tests with Waterways Experiment Station pressure cells placed in a large triaxial device; and (d) tentative conclusions plus suggestions for calibration, installation, and measuring procedures."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grays Harbor Estuary, Washington, Report 6: 45-Ft MSL (40-Ft MLLW) Navigation Channel Improvement Studies

Grays Harbor Estuary, Washington, Report 6: 45-Ft MSL (40-Ft MLLW) Navigation Channel Improvement Studies

Date: April 1976
Creator: Brogdon, Noble J.
Description: Report describing the sixth phase of tests conducted on the Grays Harbor estuary model. "The existing, comprehensive fixed-bed model of the Grays Harbor estuary was used to determine the effects of enlarging (deepening and widening) the existing 35-ft-deep channel to a depth of 45 ft msl. One 45-ft improvement plan consisting of 23 groins and a relocated turning/settling basin was also investigated. Model tests were conducted on the above plans to determine effects on tidal heights, current velocities and patterns, salinity intrusion, dye dispersion, and channel shoaling" (abstract, para. 1)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Divide Cut Drainage Structures Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Mississippi and Alabama: Hydraulic Model Investigation

Divide Cut Drainage Structures Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Mississippi and Alabama: Hydraulic Model Investigation

Date: October 1976
Creator: Ables, Jackson H., Jr.
Description: Report on model tests related to drainage structures for the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway to provide recommendations about construction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Reactor Safety and Physical Properties Studies Annual Report, July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Reactor Safety and Physical Properties Studies Annual Report, July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Leibowitz, L.; Blomquist, R. A.; Fink, J. K.; Finn, P. A.; Fischer, D. F.; Green, D. W. et al.
Description: A report of the work on Reactor Safety and Physical Property Studies performed in the Chemical Engineering Division at Argonne National Laboratory is given for the period July 1975-June 1976.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-September 1976

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-September 1976

Date: December 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.
Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management efforts of the program at ANL on lithium-aluminum/metal sulfide batteries. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and for stationary energy storage applications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Physical Inorganic Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Physical Inorganic Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Blander, M.; Curtiss, L. A.; Hsu, C. C.; Kucera, G. H.; Marr, J. J.; Papatheodorou, G. N. et al.
Description: Various aspects of physical inorganic chemistry were investigated and are summarized in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tritium Processing and Containment Technology for Fusion Reactors, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Tritium Processing and Containment Technology for Fusion Reactors, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Maroni, V. A.; Calaway, W. F.; Misra, B.; Van Deventer, E. H.; Wegton, J. R.; Yonco, R. M. et al.
Description: The hydrogen permeabilities of selected metals, alloys, and multiplex preparations that are of interest to fusion reactor technology are being characterized. A high-vacuum hydrogen-permeation apparatus has been constructed for this purpose. A program of studies has been initiated to develop design details for the tritium-handling systems of near-term fusion reactors. This program has resulted in a better definition of reactor-fuel-cycle and enrichment requirements and has helped to identify major research and development problems in the tritium-handling area. The design and construction of a 50-gallon lithium-processing test loop (LPTL) is well under way. Studies in support of this project are providing important guidance in the selection of hardware for the LPTL and in the design of a molten-salt processing test section.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Fuels and Materials Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Fuels and Materials Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Johnson, C. E.; Blackburn, P. E.; Carroll, K.; Fee, D. C.; Fischer, A. K.; Johnson, I. et al.
Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division regarding activities related to properties and handling of radioactive materials, operation of nuclear reactors, and other relevant research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Heinrich, R. R.; Greenwood, L. R.; Kennerley, R. J.; Chellew, N. R.; Popek, R. J.; Malewicki, Russell et al.
Description: One of the objectives of the Dosimetry and Damage Analysis Center is to provide standardized dosimetry technology for materials-study programs within the ERDA Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy. Current efforts have included characterization of neutron environments in terms of fluence and spectral distribution for materials experiments conducted at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's (LLL) Rotating Target Neutron Source and at the LLL-Davis Cyclograaff. Environment characterization efforts at Brookhaven National Laboratory's High Flux Beam Reactor and those pertaining to an enriched-uranium converter for the ANL CP-5 reactor are also described. The capability of calculating material radiation damage parameters associated with these neutron environments is demonstrated. Average fission yields determined from two fast-neutron irradiations and one thermal-neutron irradiation are compiled for laboratories participating in the inter-laboratory Reaction Rate program. These results are in excellent agreement with literature values. Progress on the development of boron-10 and lithium-6-loaded liquid scintillation detectors for detecting very low intensity neutrons is presented. Material purification tests and performance tests of scintillation mixtures are described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Thermochemical Studies Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Thermochemical Studies Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: O'Hare, P. A. G.; Johnson, G. K.; Ader, M.; Hubbard, W. N.; Fredrickson, D.; Cafasso, F. A. et al.
Description: Standard enthalpies of formation at 298.15 K are reported for MgUO4, CaUO4, BaUO4, VF3, and PrF3 based on solution and fluorine bomb calorimetric measurements. High-temperature enthalpy increments have been determined for MgUO4 by drop calorimetry. Preliminary work on gamma -UO3 and beta-LiAl is described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land Reclamation Program, Annual Report: July 1975-July 1976

Land Reclamation Program, Annual Report: July 1975-July 1976

Date: December 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Land Reclamation Program.
Description: The Land Reclamation Program was initiated at Argonne National Lab. in June, 1975, to address the need for coordinated applied and basic research into the environmental problems associated with utilization of coal, one of the nation's most abundant energy forms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: January-March 1976

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: January-March 1976

Date: May 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.
Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management effort of Argonne National Laboratory's program on lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period January-March 1976. These batteries are being developed for energy storage on utility networks and for electric-vehicle propulsion. The present cells are vertically oriented, piismatic cells with a central positive electrode of FeS or FeS; and two facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum alloy, and an electrolyte of molten LiCl-KC1. The cell operating temperature is 400-450C.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A.
Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Physical Parameters in Synthoil Process, Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Physical Parameters in Synthoil Process, Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Nandi, S.; Fredrickson, D.; Bump, T. R.; Mulcahey, T. P. et al.
Description: This work is being done in support of the development of processes for converting coal to liquid fuel of low sulfur content, suitable for use in power production. Most of the effort is intended to produce information applicable to the SYNTHOIL Process. In the SYNTHOIL Process for converting coal to a low-sulfur fuel oil, coal is liquefied and hydro-desulfurized in a turbulent-flow, catalytic packed-bed reactor. A slurry of coal in recycled oil is reacted with hydrogen at 450 degrees C and 2,000 to 4,000 psi in the presence of Co-MoSiO2-Al2O3 catalyst. The turbulent flow of fluid prevents the coal's mineral matter from settling and plugging the reactor. The gross liquid products are centrifuged to remove the unreacted solids. The centrifuged liquid product is a low-S, low-ash fuel. The following four tasks are included: (1) heat of reaction of hydrogen with coal slurries; (2) heat transfer coefficient; (3) additives to facilitate separation of solids from liquids; and (4) catalyst testing. These are now in the planning stage of development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Physical Parameters in Synthoil Process, Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Physical Parameters in Synthoil Process, Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Date: 1976
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Nandi, S.; Fredrickson, D.; Bump, T. R.; Mulcahey, T. P. et al.
Description: This work is being done in support of the development of processes for converting coal to liquid fuel of low sulfur content, suitable for use in power production. Most of the effort is intended to produce information applicable to the SYNTHOIL Process. In the SYNTHOIL Process for converting coal to a low-sulfur fuel oil, coal is liquefied and hydro-desulfurized in a turbulent-flow, catalytic packed-bed reactor. A slurry of coal in recycled oil is reacted with hydrogen at 450 degrees C and 2,000 to 4,000 psi in the presence of Co-MoSiO2-Al2O3 catalyst. The turbulent flow of fluid prevents the coal's mineral matter from settling and plugging the reactor. The gross liquid products are centrifuged to remove the unreacted solids. The centrifuged liquid product is a low-S, low-ash fuel. The following four tasks are included: (1) heat of reaction of hydrogen with coal slurries; (2) heat transfer coefficient; (3) additives to facilitate separation of solids from liquids; and (4) catalyst testing. These are now in the planning stage of development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Date: 1976
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A.
Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Cunningham, P. T.; Kumar, R.; Holt, B. D.; Hubble, B. R.; Johnson, S. A.; Nielsen, E. et al.
Description: The chemistry of airborne particulate matter is being investigated by means of laboratory and field studies. Experiments were conducted using the flow reactor to identify the reaction conditions under which detectable amounts of sulfate particles could be formed under gaseous sulfur dioxide. A procedure was developed for the analysis of acidic and neutral ammonium sulfate in filter-collected samples of atmospheric particulate matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: April-June 1976

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: April-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A. A.
Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proceedings of the Symposium and Workshop on Advanced Battery Research and Design : March 22-24, 1976

Proceedings of the Symposium and Workshop on Advanced Battery Research and Design : March 22-24, 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Selman, J. Robert; Steunenberg, Robert K.; Barghusen, John J. & Howard, William G.
Description: The idea for this meeting evolved from interest expressed by members of the Chicago Section of the Electrochemical Society in convening a symposium on the development of high-energy secondary batteries. The relevance of this subject is evidenced by the several research programs that have been initiated recently in the United States and Europe to develop advanced batteries for use as energy storage devices on electric utility networks and as power sources for electric automobiles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ANL/HIWAY: an Air Pollution Evaluation Model for Roadways

ANL/HIWAY: an Air Pollution Evaluation Model for Roadways

Date: December 1976
Creator: Concaildi, George A.; Cohen, Alan S. & King, Richard F.
Description: This report describes a computer program, called ANL/HIWAY, for estimating air quality levels of nonreactive pollutants produced by vehicular sources. It is valid for receptors at distances of tens to hundreds of meters, at an angle, downwind of the roadway, in relatively uncomplicated terrain. It may be used by planners to analyze the effects of a proposed roadway on adjacent air quality. The ANL/HIWAY model expands the evaluation capabilities of the EPA/HIWAY dispersion model. This report also serves as a user's manual for running the ANL/HIWAY PROGRAM. All command structures are described in detail, with sample problems exemplifying their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Date: 1976
Creator: Fishelson, Gordon; Rausser, Gordon C. & Cohen, Alan S.
Description: The decision to locate a fossil-fueled electrical power plant on a particular site involves trade-offs among the costs of: (1) land acquisition, (2) plant construction, operation, and maintenance, (3) power transmission, and (4) air pollution damage to humans, animals, plants and materials. The fourth of these, pollution costs, has been of great concern in recent years. But seldom, if ever, are the specific dollar trade-offs between the environmental and the other costs associated with site selection taken into account. The sum of the costs of power generation (land, construction, operation, maintenance), power transmission, and air pollution damages (from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) is the total social cost of a fossil-fuel plant; this total cost will generally vary by site. This paper presents an analysis of the total social cost, and the trade-offs between generation/transmission and air pollution costs, for various types of fossil plants at different sites in northern Illinois. The analysis identifies the combinations of site, fossil fuel, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) control technology that minimize total social costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Materials Science Division Coal Technology Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Materials Science Division Coal Technology Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Date: 1976
Creator: Weeks, R. W.
Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Materials Science Division regarding coal technology research and development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Study on Flow Instabilities in Two-Phase Mixtures

Study on Flow Instabilities in Two-Phase Mixtures

Date: March 1976
Creator: Ishii, M.
Description: Various mechanisms that can induce flow instabilities in two-phase flow systems are reviewed and their relative importance discussed. In view of their practical importance, the density-wave instabilities have been analyzed in detail based on the one-dimensional two-phase flow formulation. The dynamic response of the system to the inlet flow perturbations has been derived from the model; thus the characteristic equation that predicts the onset of instabilities has been obtained. The effects of various system parameters, such as the heat flux, sub-cooling, pressure, inlet velocity, inlet orificing, and exit orificing on the stability boundary have been analyzed. In addition to numerical solutions, some simple stability criteria under particular conditions have been obtained. Both results have been compared with various experimental data, and a satisfactory agreement has been demonstrated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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